NBME #4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NBME #4 Deck (18):
1

How should grade I endometrial adenocarcinoma be treated?

Hysterectomy

Low-grade lesions (atypical hyperplasias) can be treated with progesterone.

2

Over 90% of low-grade postpartum fevers are associated with ___________.

atelectasis

3

If they tell you there is beefy red tissue at the os but the pain has been going on for way longer than an incomplete abortion could account for, then it's probably __________.

submucous fibroids

4

Why are young women more prone to sexually transmitted infections?

They have more cervical ectopy.

5

______________ is characterized by downward mobility of the urethral vesical junction.

Stress incontinence

6

The risk of neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia decreases after week _____________.

28

7

Fetuses born to mothers with preeclampsia are at risk of _____________.

growth restriction

8

Per NBME and ACOG, active phase starts at _________.

5

9

A child born to a mother with active varicella should be given what drug?

VZV-IG

10

Osteoporosis risk increases for parental _______ fractures.

hip

Femur doesn't count.

11

Candidal vulvovaginitis can present with what kind of discharge?

Malodorous yellow-green

12

True or false: those with PCOS have high levels of testosterone.

True (because of the increased LH)

13

If a woman has a D&C and then is infertile, the cause is likely _______________.

uterine synechiae

14

In hypercoagulable women who have miscarriages, the cause is likely _______________.

thrombosis to the arteries that lead to the placenta

15

True or false: doppler US is used to detect DVTs.

False

It's duplex venous US.

16

A fetus has a HR at 160 with minimal variability.

True or false: it's likely chorioamnionitis.

False

160 is not tachycardia. It's probably a sleep state.

17

Sudden onset of pelvic pain with normal vitals and a small amount of culdocentesis blood = _________________.

ruptured corpus luteal cyst

18

____________ production causes menstrual pain.

Prostaglandin

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