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Flashcards in Near Eastern Deck (4)
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1

Reconstruction of the White Temple and Ziggurat, Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq, ca.

3200–3000 BCE.

Sumerian culture.

Religious and administrative space made of mud brick. The temple was complex and a city within a city which contained statues of gods and donors, probably dedicated to Annu, god of the sky. 

2

Ziggurat at Ur, Iraq.

c. 2100 BCE

Sumerian

A religious and administrative space built by king Ur-Nammu of the for the moon god, Nanna. It is built with mudbrick, however, the outside layer is made with kiln-dried brick laid in bitumen. Built not quite straight for rainwater drainage

 

 

3

Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

c. 2254-2218 BCE.

Akkadian.

Low relief sculpture depicting Naram-Sin leading his army up a wooded mountain, being the first work to be set in a landscape. The stele is commemorating Naram-Sin's victory of Lullubi with the Gods approval. Naram-Sin, wearing the helmet of divinity, was the 1st ruler to deify himself and this was.

4

Stele of Hammurabi,

c. 1792-1750 BCE.

Babylonian

Standing at 7'4", the Stele of Hammurabi depicts the sun god, Shamash, extending the authority to Hammurabi to govern and judge. On the stele, the Code of Hammurabi, 3500 lines of laws written in cuneiform governing all aspects of Babylonian life.