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Flashcards in Roman Deck (16)
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1

Temple of Portunus

Rome, Italy

 ca. 75 BCE

 Roman.

Ionic; Porch, Cella, Frontal and set in the middle of a commercial space; engaged columns

2

Head of a Roman Patrician

c. 80-75 BCE

Roman

Bust; Patrician- upper-class roman; A lot of asymmetry; aged, not idealized; incredibly naturalistic; furrowed eyebrows, pensive, concerned; verism-hyporealistic- how important people were portrayed, people who have experience, battle wounds on the face, emphasize wisdom and age, sure of your decisions, serious

3

Augustus of Primaporta

early 1st century CE

perhaps a copy of a bronze statue c. 20 BCE

Roman

Contrapasso Stance; Propaganda; Orator Pose; Public address; referencing Alexander the Great's cowlick

4

Ara Pacis

13-9 BCE

Rome

Roman

An altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate to honor the return of Augustus.  Meant to communicate the abundance, prosperity, and fertility.  while the monument as a whole serves a civic ritual function whilst simultaneously operating as propaganda for Augustus and his regime

5

Imperial Procession, South Side of the Ara Pacis

 13-9 BCE

Rome

Roman

Augustus and the Imperial family, Relief, captured in a single moment as they participate in a procession. Some figures are speaking to each other, one figure (possibly Augustus’ sister) holds a finger to her lips and calls for silence whilst elsewhere some children look decidedly bored with one small child pulling the toga of an adult in order to be picked up. Augustus is not the focal point which could symbolize the peaceful time. 

6

Colosseum

Rome, Italy

c. 70-80 CE

Roman

The largest amphitheater ever built at the time and held 50,000 spectators, 16 stories. Pilasters (Roman) on top but referencing  Greek temples with corinthian, ionic, and doric, capitals; arch technology, groin, and barrel vault. Emperors provided this for spectacle and entertainment. community; collective gathering; large roman identity.

7

Pantheon

Rome, Italy

c. 110-125 CE

Roman

Pantheon=All the gods; Temple to all the gods; Frontal; World's largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world 143 in diameter and 143 high; The Pantheon's large circular domed cella, with a conventional temple portico front, was unique in Roman architecture. Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment.

8

Section of the Pantheon

110-125 CE

Rome, Italy

Roman

 

Oculus is the only light source and is open to the elements, light is an active agent in the archetecture. cofferes to lighten the weight; celestial meaning, dome of heaven, light of the gods beaming down; arch technology. The floor mimicing the ceiling with square and circles. 

9

Pont du Gard Aqueduct

late 1st century BCE

Nimes, France

 

Visually marks the landscape as Roman: arch technology: concrete; transports water. 

10

Arch of Titus

Rome

c. 81 CE

Roman

Triumphal arch commemorating military victory; freestanding gateway; coffers; The arch contains panels depicting the triumphal procession. 

11

Spoils from the Temple of Jerusalem, Detail from Arch of Titus

Rome

c. 81 CE

Roman

The south inner panel of Arch of Titus depicts the spoils taken from the Temple in Jerusalem. The golden candelabrum or Menorah is the main focus and is carved in deep relief. Other sacred objects being carried in the triumphal procession are the Gold Trumpets, the firepans for removing the ashes from the altar, and the Table of Shewbread. These spoils were likely originally colored gold, with the background in blue.

12

Column of Trajan

Rome

113-116 CE

Roman

13

Restored Perspective View of the Basilica Ulpia

Rome

c. 112 CE

Roman

14

Portrait of a Tetrarch (Galerius?)

Early 4th century CE

Roman

15

Arch of Constantine

Rome

312-315 CE

Roman

16

Constantine Addressing the Roman People, Detail from Arch of Constantine

Rome

312-315 CE

Roman.