What ratio is used to Determine if the nephrotic syndrome is the cause for AKI?
When is biopsy the correct choice for diagnosis of AKI?
When red blood cell cast are present what should be ruled out next?
What are possible treatment for pre-renal AKI be?
Diuresis/dialysis or IVF
What are the possible etiologies for post renal failure?
Obstruction: stone, cancer and BPH
How would a patient with a post renal failure present?
Distended or palpable bladder, abdominal pain and or Reno failure (decreased urine output)
How should a patient with a Post-renal failure be diagnosed?
Ultrasound to look for Hydronephrosis or hydroureters
What is the treatment for post renal failure
Catheter or percutaneous nephrostomy
What are the pathophysiology for ATN?
Toxins:contrast myoglobin. Low flow
What is the first test to get for a patient with acute kidney injury?
How do you diagnose ATN?
What are two phases (prodrome) in ATN? Tx?
Cr increase, Oliguric, Polyuric: DIALYSIS, IVF