Flashcards in Nerve/ blood Supply Deck (44)
What is the trigeminal nerve?
It is a mixed nerve
Containing sensory parts for taste and pain and motor parts for movement
Where does the trigeminal nerve supply?
The jaw, teeth, nose, face, muscles of mastication and forehead
What is the foramen?
A hole in the bone which the nerve supply goes through
How does the maxillary branch leave the skull?
Though a hole called the foramen rotundum
What is the 7th facial nerve?
A mixed nerve which is sensory and motor and supplies the anterior tongue and muscles of facial expression
What is the 9th glossopharyngeal nerve?
A mixed nerve that supplies the tongue and pharynx
Gives sensation to the tongue
What is the 12th hyposglossal nerve?
A motor nerve to the muscles of the tongue
What artery does the does the bloody supply to the shop real cavity come from?
What is the trigeminal ganglion?
A collection of nerves held just above the cheek bone
What main branches does the trigeminal ganglion split into?
1. Ophthalmic to the eye
2. Maxillary to the upper jaw/maxillae
3. Mandibular to the lower jaw/ mandible
What does the ophthalmic nerve supply?
The forehead and eye
What does the maxillary nerve supply?
What does the mandibular nerve supply?
Lower jaw (mandible)
What does the maxillary nerve split into?
The nasal nerve (nose)
Labial nerve (top lip)
All upper teeth- the superior dental nerve
What does the superior dental nerve split into?
The posterior superior dental nerve- feeding teeth 8-6
Middle superior dental nerve- feeding teeth 6-3
Anterior superior dental nerve- feeding front teeth- 3-1
What is another name for long sphenopalatine nerve?
The naso palatine nerve
Which nerve supplies the front of the palate?
The long sphenopalatine/ naso palatine nerve which comes through the incisive foramen
Which nerve supplies the back of the palate?
The greater palatine nerve which comes through the greater palatine foramen
How does the mandibular nerve come down?
Down the sides of the skull/face
What does the mandibular nerve split into?
1. The long buccal nerve that supplies the cheek
2. The lingual nerve that supplies the tongue and floor of mouth
3. Inferior dental nerve- supplies all lower teeth
Around what nerve is injected to block all lower teeth?
The inferior dental nerve
What nerve does the mental foramen come off?
The inferior dental nerve
What does the mental nerve supply?
Lower lip and chin
Where does the mental nerve come through?
The mental foramen
How does the mandibular branch leave the skull?
Through a hole called the foramen ovale
For every nerve supply there is...
For every nerve supply there is a blood supply
Where is the carotid artery?
In the side of the neck
Main blood supply to the face
What does fossa mean?
A valley or a dip
Where is the meniscus disc?
In the Glenoid fossa
What is the meniscus disc?
A piece of cartilage
Where does the blood supply which supplies the oral cavity come from?
Through the neck via the carotid artery. This then splits into branches to supply the different sections of the jaw
Blood vessels have the same names as...
Blood vessels have the same names as the nerves
What is the name for an inflamed sinus?
What are the four main nerve supplies?
5th trigeminal nerve
Where does the 5th trigeminal nerve supply?
A mixed (sensory and motor) which supplies the jaw, teeth, nose, face, muscles of mastication and forehead
Where does the 7th facial nerve supply?
Mixed (sensory and motor) to anterior tongue and muscles of facial expression
Where does the 9th glossopharyngeal nerve supply?
Mixed (sensory and motor) to tongue and pharynx
Where does the 12th hypoglossal nerve supply?
Motor to muscles of the tongue
What is the name of the 7th cranial nerve?
The facial nerve
What is the name of the 9th cranial nerve?
What is the name of the 12th cranial nerve?
What does the 7th cranial nerve supply?
Anterior of tongue and muscles of facial expression
What does the 9th cranial nerve supply?
Back of tongue and pharynx- also helps with swallowing