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Flashcards in Nerve/ blood Supply Deck (44)
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1

What is the trigeminal nerve?

It is a mixed nerve

Containing sensory parts for taste and pain and motor parts for movement

2

Where does the trigeminal nerve supply?

The jaw, teeth, nose, face, muscles of mastication and forehead

3

What is the foramen?

A hole in the bone which the nerve supply goes through

4

How does the maxillary branch leave the skull?

Though a hole called the foramen rotundum

5

What is the 7th facial nerve?

A mixed nerve which is sensory and motor and supplies the anterior tongue and muscles of facial expression

6

What is the 9th glossopharyngeal nerve?

A mixed nerve that supplies the tongue and pharynx

Gives sensation to the tongue

7

What is the 12th hyposglossal nerve?

A motor nerve to the muscles of the tongue

8

What artery does the does the bloody supply to the shop real cavity come from?

Carotid artery

9

What is the trigeminal ganglion?

A collection of nerves held just above the cheek bone

10

What main branches does the trigeminal ganglion split into?

1. Ophthalmic to the eye
2. Maxillary to the upper jaw/maxillae
3. Mandibular to the lower jaw/ mandible

11

What does the ophthalmic nerve supply?

The forehead and eye

12

What does the maxillary nerve supply?

Upper jaw

13

What does the mandibular nerve supply?

Lower jaw (mandible)

14

What does the maxillary nerve split into?

The nasal nerve (nose)
Labial nerve (top lip)
All upper teeth- the superior dental nerve

15

What does the superior dental nerve split into?

The posterior superior dental nerve- feeding teeth 8-6

Middle superior dental nerve- feeding teeth 6-3

Anterior superior dental nerve- feeding front teeth- 3-1

16

What is another name for long sphenopalatine nerve?

The naso palatine nerve

17

Which nerve supplies the front of the palate?

The long sphenopalatine/ naso palatine nerve which comes through the incisive foramen

18

Which nerve supplies the back of the palate?

The greater palatine nerve which comes through the greater palatine foramen

19

How does the mandibular nerve come down?

Down the sides of the skull/face

20

What does the mandibular nerve split into?

1. The long buccal nerve that supplies the cheek
2. The lingual nerve that supplies the tongue and floor of mouth
3. Inferior dental nerve- supplies all lower teeth

21

Around what nerve is injected to block all lower teeth?

The inferior dental nerve

22

What nerve does the mental foramen come off?

The inferior dental nerve

23

What does the mental nerve supply?

Lower lip and chin

24

Where does the mental nerve come through?

The mental foramen

25

How does the mandibular branch leave the skull?

Through a hole called the foramen ovale

26

For every nerve supply there is...

For every nerve supply there is a blood supply

27

Where is the carotid artery?

In the side of the neck
Main blood supply to the face

28

What does fossa mean?

A valley or a dip

29

Where is the meniscus disc?

In the Glenoid fossa

30

What is the meniscus disc?

A piece of cartilage

31

Where does the blood supply which supplies the oral cavity come from?

Through the neck via the carotid artery. This then splits into branches to supply the different sections of the jaw

32

Blood vessels have the same names as...

Blood vessels have the same names as the nerves

33

What is the name for an inflamed sinus?

Sinusitis

34

What are the four main nerve supplies?

5th trigeminal nerve
7th facial
9th glossopharyngeal
12th hypoglossal

35

Where does the 5th trigeminal nerve supply?

A mixed (sensory and motor) which supplies the jaw, teeth, nose, face, muscles of mastication and forehead

36

Where does the 7th facial nerve supply?

Mixed (sensory and motor) to anterior tongue and muscles of facial expression

37

Where does the 9th glossopharyngeal nerve supply?

Mixed (sensory and motor) to tongue and pharynx

38

Where does the 12th hypoglossal nerve supply?

Motor to muscles of the tongue

39

What is the name of the 7th cranial nerve?

The facial nerve

40

What is the name of the 9th cranial nerve?

Glossopharyngeal

41

What is the name of the 12th cranial nerve?

Hypoglossal

42

What does the 7th cranial nerve supply?

Anterior of tongue and muscles of facial expression

43

What does the 9th cranial nerve supply?

Back of tongue and pharynx- also helps with swallowing

44

What does the 12th cranial nerve supply?

Muscles of the tongue