Flashcards in neuro i don't know Deck (47):
only give treatment when symptomatic. no treatments are neuroprotective.
moa-b inhibitor (rasagiline)
dopamine agonsits- rotigotine
amantadine- glutamate antagonist
symptoms associated with parkinsons
complications of levodopa
treatment of psychosis in parkinsons
mild parkinsons- first line?
late stage parkinsons-
diagnosis of parkinsons??
clinical- bradykinesia, resting tremor and ridgidity
management of ishchaemic stroke
<4.5 hours- thrombolysis and aspirin after 24 hours
>4.5 hours- aspirin
management haemorrhagic stroke
control bp and supportive care.
how long off driving if TIA
1 month is single TIA
multiple TIA- 3 months off driving
diagnosis of MS
MRI + IV contrast
olgoclonic IgG bands in CSF.
treatment of acute MS
high dose steroid (oral or IV)
disease modifying drugs MS.
monoclonal antibody (tysabri, fingolomoid in treatment resistant ).
symptomtic management MS - fatigue
assume other underlyig cause.
do FBC, TSH, B12 and vitamin D levels, as well as a brief sleep history. amantadine
complication of interferon beta medications
metabolised throuh the liver- moniter hepatic function.
why is glatrimer not used first line
takes 6-9 months for clinical effect.
MS uscle pains
MS gait impairment
K channel blocker that improves condction in demyelinated pathways
ach esterase ihibitors- donepazil and rivastigmine
glutamate inhibitors- memantine.
most common cause of death in alzeheimers
lewy body dementia treatment
scan to diagnose parkinsons
investigation pick's disease
What are pick bodies
Na channel blocker
increases liffe expectancy by 3 months
damage to upper and lower motor neuron disease- lateral corticospinal tracts.
duration of cluster headaches
Causes of SAH
Bleeding due to trauma, rupture of an aneurysm, and arteriovenous malformation are the main causes of subarachnoid hemorrhage
managemenrt of epidural haemorrhage
emergency surgical management
after 1 seizure, how many are eventually diagnosed with epilepsy
most commonly fractured bone that results in epidural haematoma
Hepatic encephalopathy is a central nervous system complication due to acute liver damage and its inability to metabolize ammonia to urea.
neurotransmitter causing vasoconstriction in migrine
The neurotransmitter serotonin is increased during a migraine attack and cause vasoconstriction.
pupil causing RAPD in MS
Marcus gunn pupil
????, a gamma-aminobutyric acid-B receptor agonist, treats spasticity in multiple sclerosis.
Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid-B receptor agonist, treats spasticity in multiple sclerosis.
where is pain percieved in the brain
the insula lobe
name for the connection between spinal cord and the dorsum of the coccyx
conus medullaris connects via the filum terminale
what forms the denticulte ligament
pia and arachnoid mater
at which level does he spinal cord also have a lateral horn
contains preganglionic sympathetic neurons
head and neck movement
pons- facilitate purposeful movement
medulla- inhibit unwanted movement
layers of the cerebellum
where to afferents arrive in the cerebellum
the granule layer
where in the cerebellum do efferents leave from
the purkinje layer