Neuropath: Neuro Devo and General Path Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuropath: Neuro Devo and General Path Deck (26):
1

Three types of edema and pathophys

Vasogenic - Extracellular BBB
Cytotoxic- hypoxia - failure of NaK ATPase pump
Interstitial - hydrocephalus

2

Nissl stain

neuon cell bodies

3

H&E

general path exam

4

silver stain

axons and dendrites

5

Lipofuscin

accumulates with aging

6

Neuromelanin

accumulates neurons (SN and LC)

7

lethal neuronal injury

eosinophilic (red is dead) ferrugination.

8

Two viruses intranuclear inclusion bodies

HSV 1, CMV

9

Two viruses that can be intracytoplasmic and/or intranuclear

Measles (SSPE) and CMV

10

All inclusion bodies in degnerativ/metabolic diseases are

intracytoplasmia

11

Hamartoma definition

disorganized cells in the right location

12

Choristoma def

organized cells in the wrong location

13

Rosenthal fibers (eosinophilic masses) seen in three things

pilocytic astrocytoma, astrocytosis, Alexander's disease

14

callosal agenesis, female, ocular abnormalties and infantile spasms

Aicardi's

15

Chiari I not associated with _____

brain abnormalities

16

Chiari 1 herniation of tonsils and chiari II herniation of

tonsils / vermis

17

Chiari III hindbrain herniates into

encephalocele

18

chiari IV is cerebellar

hypoplasi

19

Dandy-Walker malformation

posterior fossa continuous with fourth ventricle

20

most common craniosynostosis

saggital

21

Two most common craniofacial syndroms and main differences.

Crouzon's #1 increased risk of hydrocephalus
Apert's # 2 includes severe MRDD and GI/GU/Cardiac

22

Chromsomal disorder with Alz, congenital heart disease and hypotelorism

trisomy 21

23

Chromosomal disorder with hypertelorism (increased distance between eyes

5 p deletion Cri du chat

24

Most frequent cause of hereditary MRDD

Fragile X

25

cephalohematoma does not ____

cross suture lines

26

kernicterus affects mainly the ____

globus pallidus