Flashcards in New Nation Checkpoint Test Study Deck (30):
1st Precedent Washington set as President. Name and Explain
Washington chose the name Mr.President to address our leader. This gave the position an appropriate title.
2nd Precedent Washington set as President. Name and Explain
Washington created cabinet positions. The executive branch consisted of only the president and vice president before this.
3rd Precedent Washington set as President. Name and Explain
Washington served only 2 terms as president. This pattern prevents a leader from feeling king like.
4th Precedent Washington set as President. Name and Explain
Washington stays neutral. This allows our young nation to protect itself and not get into further debt.
What position was Alexander Hamilton in charge of and what did he deal with.
Secretary of Treasury: dealt with Nations finances.
What position was Thomas Jefferson in charge of and what did he deal with.
Secretary of State: Dealt with foreign affairs.
What position was Henry Knox in charge of and what did he deal with.
Secretary of Defense: Dealt with defense and any military conflict with other nations.
What position was Edmund Randolph in charge of and what did he deal with.
Attorney General: Dealt with legal issues, top cop for our nation.
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 do for the Judicial Branch of Government.
It added 13 district courts, strengthening the Judicial Branch.
Why was Washington hesitant to take the job as president?
Washington had no prior presidents to observe, only kings to follow. and the nation had a lot of problems.
Who created a 3 step plan to deal with the problems with the U.S. economy.
What 3 things did Alexander Hamilton propose?
1. Agree to pay federal and state debt
2. Create a National Bank
3. Create National Taxes
What message did the Whisky Rebellion Send
Rebellion is unacceptable. Protests must be peaceful and follow the constitution.
How did Britain give American settlers problems in the West. How were they dealt with?
Jay's treaty promised they'd leave western forts and we pay back our pre-war debts.
How did Native Americans give American settlers problems in the West. How were they dealt with?
Treaty of Greenville allowed Ohio settlement after Anthony Wayne defeats the Shawnee at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
What are 2 connections between the American Revolution and the French Revolution
1. Both wanted to rid themselves of their King
2. Both wanted Democracy
Who wanted a strong state Government?
Loose Interpretation of the Constitution?
Only the wealthy and educated involved in government?
Urban workforce and small farmers
Supported French and their Revolution
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison supported them
Supported manufacturing and Technology
Explain the XYZ Affair happenings and the outcome for the United States.
Adams says no to paying bribes to France, strengthens Navy, and fights France at sea.
What was the Alien Act?
President can deport dangerous citizens
What was the Naturalization Act?
Citizenship takes 14 years
What was the Sedition Act?
Crime to speak against the government
How did Virginia respond to the Sedition Act?
Say they can nullify unconstitutional law.
What major issue was brought out by the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions?
States Rights vs. Nation Rights