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Flashcards in News 1 Deck (200):
1

prejudice (adj)

  • an unreasonable dislike of or preference for a person, group, custom, etc., especially when it is based on their race, religion, sex, etc.
  • thành kiến

 

  1. There is much less prejudice today against women in the medical profession. 
  2. I must admit to a prejudice in favor of Ivy League universities.

2

ontology (n)

  • a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of existence
  • a list of concepts and categories in a subject area that shows the relationships between them
  • bản thể học

 

  1. This paper discusses the development of a new information representation system embodied in ontology and the Semantic Web.
  2. a guide to creating a marketing ontology

3

conformance (to/with something) (n)

  • the fact of following the rules or standards of something
  • sự tương thích

 

  1. You need to ensure conformance to strict quality guidelines.

4

smitten (v)

  • suddenly feeling that you are in love with someone
  • severely affected by a feeling, disease, etc.
  • say mê, day dứt; bị tác động sâu sắc bởi (một cảm xúc)

 

  1. From the moment they met, he was completely smitten by her.
  2. She was suddenly smitten with remorse.

5

penetrate (v)

  • to go into or through something
  • to succeed in entering or joining an organization, a group, etc. especially when this is difficult to do
  • thâm nhập, nhìn thấu, hiểu thấu

 

  1. The cold seemed to penetrate his bones.
  2. This year the company has been trying to penetrate new markets (= to start selling their products there).
  3. Science can penetrate many of nature's mysteries.

6

endanger (v)

  • to put someone or something in a situation in which they could be harmed or damaged
  • gây nguy hiểm

 

  1. That one mistake seriously endangered the future of the company.
  2. He denied possessing a rifle with intent to endanger life.

7

post-mortem (n)

  • a medical examination of the body of a dead person in order to find out how they died
  • a discussion or an examination of an event after it has happened, especially in order to find out why it failed
  • mổ xẻ phân tích, khám nghiệm tử thi

 

  1. The postmortem on the child revealed that she had been poisoned.
  2. to hold a postmortem on the candidate's election defeat

8

blushing (adj)

  • become red in the face because you are embarrassed or ashamed
  • to be ashamed or embarrassed about something
  • đỏ mặt, xấu hổ

 

  1. She blushed furiously at the memory of the conversation
  2. I blush to admit it, but I really like her music.
  3. He looked away, blushing.

9

crucifixion (n)

  • the act of killing someone by fastening them to a cross
  • sự đóng đinh vào giá chữ thập

 

  1. the Crucifixion (= of Jesus)

10

parasite (n)

  • a small animal or plant that lives on or inside another animal or plant and gets its food from it
  • a person who always relies on or benefits from other people and gives nothing back
  • động thực vật ký sinh, ăn bám

 

  1. He regards students as parasites on society.

11

  • an unreasonable dislike of or preference for a person, group, custom, etc., especially when it is based on their race, religion, sex, etc.
  • thành kiến

 

  1. There is much less prejudice today against women in the medical profession. 
  2. I must admit to a prejudice in favor of Ivy League universities.

prejudice (adj)

12

  • a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of existence
  • a list of concepts and categories in a subject area that shows the relationships between them
  • bản thể học

 

  1. This paper discusses the development of a new information representation system embodied in ontology and the Semantic Web.
  2. a guide to creating a marketing ontology

ontology (n)

13

  • the fact of following the rules or standards of something
  • sự tương thích

 

  1. You need to ensure conformance to strict quality guidelines.

conformance (to/with something) (n)

14

  • suddenly feeling that you are in love with someone
  • severely affected by a feeling, disease, etc.
  • say mê, day dứt; bị tác động sâu sắc bởi (một cảm xúc)

 

  1. From the moment they met, he was completely smitten by her.
  2. She was suddenly smitten with remorse.

smitten (v)

15

  • to go into or through something
  • to succeed in entering or joining an organization, a group, etc. especially when this is difficult to do
  • thâm nhập, nhìn thấu, hiểu thấu

 

  1. The cold seemed to penetrate his bones.
  2. This year the company has been trying to penetrate new markets (= to start selling their products there).
  3. Science can penetrate many of nature's mysteries.

penetrate (v)

16

  • to put someone or something in a situation in which they could be harmed or damaged
  • gây nguy hiểm

 

  1. That one mistake seriously endangered the future of the company.
  2. He denied possessing a rifle with intent to endanger life.

endanger (v)

17

  • a medical examination of the body of a dead person in order to find out how they died
  • a discussion or an examination of an event after it has happened, especially in order to find out why it failed
  • mổ xẻ phân tích, khám nghiệm tử thi

 

  1. The postmortem on the child revealed that she had been poisoned.
  2. to hold a postmortem on the candidate's election defeat

post-mortem (n)

18

  • become red in the face because you are embarrassed or ashamed
  • to be ashamed or embarrassed about something
  • đỏ mặt, xấu hổ

 

  1. She blushed furiously at the memory of the conversation
  2. I blush to admit it, but I really like her music.
  3. He looked away, blushing.

blushing (adj)

19

  • the act of killing someone by fastening them to a cross
  • sự đóng đinh vào giá chữ thập

 

  1. the Crucifixion (= of Jesus)

crucifixion (n)

20

  • a small animal or plant that lives on or inside another animal or plant and gets its food from it
  • a person who always relies on or benefits from other people and gives nothing back
  • động thực vật ký sinh, ăn bám

 

  1. He regards students as parasites on society.

parasite (n)

21

attorney (n)

  • a lawyer, especially one who can act for someone in court
  • Người được ủy quyền đại diện trước tòa, luật sư đại diện

 

  1. She was made her father's attorney when he became ill.

22

sobering (adj)

  • making you feel serious and think carefully
  • bình tâm, điều độ, điềm tĩnh

 

  1. It is sobering to realize that this is not a new problem.

23

pious (adj)

  • having or showing a deep respect for God and religion
  • pretending to be religious, moral, or good in order to impress other people
  • sùng đạo, đạo đức giả

 

  1. He dismissed his critics as pious do-gooders.
  2. Such reforms seem likely to remain little more than pious hopes.

24

colonist (n)

  • a person who settles in an area that has become a colony
  • người đi khai hoang

 

  1. Radu Dracul, a colonist from the alien world Twilight, having chosen to leave his home and become a starship crew member, discovers he has abilities he never dreamed of.

25

damnation (n)

  • the state of being in hell; the act of sending someone to hell
  • sự chỉ trích, chửi rủi, đọa đày địa ngụa

 

  1. Lets through every money making formula in the mix , other known as the damnation of an industry and they will all go to hell for it.

26

sanctuary (n)

  • safety and protection, especially for people who are being chased or attacked
  • a holy building or the part of it that is considered the most holy
  • an area where wild birds or animals are protected and encouraged to breed
  • nơi trú ẩn, nơi tôn nghiêm, chỗ bảo tồn chim thú rừng

 

  1. The church became a sanctuary for the refugees.

27

crucify (v)

  • to kill someone as a punishment by fastening them to a wooden cross
  • to criticize or punish someone very severely
  • đóng đinh vào cây chữ thập, phê bình hay trừng phạt nghiêm khắc

 

  1. The senator was crucified in the press for his handling of the affair.

28

demonic (adj)

  • connected with, or like, a demon
  • a person who does something very well or with a lot of energy
  • something that causes a person to worry and makes them unhappy
  • có tài xuất quỷ nhập thần

 

  1. He skis like a demon.
  2. He's a demon: he gets up early, he works out, he goes home early, he studies, he works out again…

29

frugality (n)

  • using only as much money or food as is necessary
  • small, plain, and not costing very much
  • tính căn cơ, tiết kiệm, thanh đạm

 

  1. He has always been hard-working and frugal.
  2. Of course there are also other places one can stay here if frugality is not in their vocabulary!
  3. The bright side of seemingly silly frugality, is less tension over money.

30

epitaph (n)

  • words that are written or said about a dead person, especially words on a gravestone
  • something which is left to remind people of a particular person, a period of time, or an event
  • văn bia, văn mộ

 

  1. His epitaph read: “A just and noble countryman”.
  2. These slums are an epitaph to the housing policy of the 1960s.

31

  • a lawyer, especially one who can act for someone in court
  • Người được ủy quyền đại diện trước tòa, luật sư đại diện

 

  1. She was made her father's attorney when he became ill.

attorney (n)

32

  • making you feel serious and think carefully
  • bình tâm, điều độ, điềm tĩnh

 

  1. It is sobering to realize that this is not a new problem.

sobering (adj)

33

  • having or showing a deep respect for God and religion
  • pretending to be religious, moral, or good in order to impress other people
  • sùng đạo, đạo đức giả

 

  1. He dismissed his critics as pious do-gooders.
  2. Such reforms seem likely to remain little more than pious hopes.

pious (adj)

34

  • a person who settles in an area that has become a colony
  • người đi khai hoang

 

  1. Radu Dracul, a colonist from the alien world Twilight, having chosen to leave his home and become a starship crew member, discovers he has abilities he never dreamed of.

colonist (n)

35

  • the state of being in hell; the act of sending someone to hell
  • sự chỉ trích, chửi rủi, đọa đày địa ngụa

 

  1. Lets through every money making formula in the mix , other known as the damnation of an industry and they will all go to hell for it.

damnation (n)

36

  • safety and protection, especially for people who are being chased or attacked
  • a holy building or the part of it that is considered the most holy
  • an area where wild birds or animals are protected and encouraged to breed
  • nơi trú ẩn, nơi tôn nghiêm, chỗ bảo tồn chim thú rừng

 

  1. The church became a sanctuary for the refugees.

sanctuary (n)

37

  • to kill someone as a punishment by fastening them to a wooden cross
  • to criticize or punish someone very severely
  • đóng đinh vào cây chữ thập, phê bình hay trừng phạt nghiêm khắc

 

  1. The senator was crucified in the press for his handling of the affair.

crucify (v)

38

  • connected with, or like, a demon
  • a person who does something very well or with a lot of energy
  • something that causes a person to worry and makes them unhappy
  • có tài xuất quỷ nhập thần

 

  1. He skis like a demon.
  2. He's a demon: he gets up early, he works out, he goes home early, he studies, he works out again…

demonic (adj)

39

  • using only as much money or food as is necessary
  • small, plain, and not costing very much
  • tính căn cơ, tiết kiệm, thanh đạm

 

  1. He has always been hard-working and frugal.
  2. Of course there are also other places one can stay here if frugality is not in their vocabulary!
  3. The bright side of seemingly silly frugality, is less tension over money.

frugality (n)

40

  • words that are written or said about a dead person, especially words on a gravestone
  • something which is left to remind people of a particular person, a period of time, or an event
  • văn bia, văn mộ

 

  1. His epitaph read: “A just and noble countryman”.
  2. These slums are an epitaph to the housing policy of the 1960s.

epitaph (n)

41

rulebook (n)

  • the set of rules that must be followed in a particular job, organization, or game
  • sách luật

 

  1. But perhaps the best example is the Senate's rulebook, which is rarely reformed, and so increasingly misused.
  2. You're taught, in fact, to call a rulebook strike zone and that the runner has to beat the ball to the bag in order to be called safe.

42

malaria (n)

  • a disease that causes fever and shivering (= shaking of the body) caused by the bite of some types ofmosquitoes
  • bệnh sốt rét

 

  1. Malaria infects over 300 million people per year.
  2. Over the past decade, an unprecedented effort has been launched to defeat malaria.

43

stark (n)

  • looking severe and without any color or decoration
  • unpleasant; real, and impossible to avoid
  • very different from something in a way that is easy to see
  • ảm đạm, bình dị, đích thực, lộ rõ

 

  1. The hills stood stark against the winter sky.
  2. He now faces the stark reality of life in prison.
  3. The good weather was in stark contrast to the storms of previous weeks.

44

yearn (v)

  • to want something very much, especially when it is very difficult to get
  • khao khát, mong mỏi, nóng lòng

 

  1. The people yearned for peace.
  2. There was a yearning look in his eyes.
  3. She yearned to escape from her office job.

45

crabby (adj)

  • bad-tempered and unpleasant
  • cáu gắt, gắt gỏng

 

  1. She was often kind of crabby and irritable overseas when she had to travel with him.
  2. It's so much fun, although I have been kind of crabby from playing it for too long!

46

cantankerous (adj)

  • bad-tempered and always complaining
  • khó tính, hay gắt gỏng

 

  1. a cantankerous old man
  2. He was called cantankerous, which he probably took as a badge of honour.

47

ogre (n)

  • a cruel and frightening giant who eats people
  • a very frightening person
  • người ác như quỷ

 

  1. My boss is a real ogre.

48

crusty (adj)

  • having a hard outer layer
  • bad-tempered; easily irritated
  • có vỏ cứng, cọc cằn, hay cáu kỉnh

 

  1. fresh crusty bread
  2. a crusty old man

49

seethe (v)

  • to be extremely angry about something but try not to show other people how angry you are
  • to be full of a lot of people or animals, especially when they are all moving around
  • to move around quickly and violently
  • rất giận dữ, sôi sục, náo động đông người

 

  1. She seethed silently in the corner.
  2. He became caught up in a seething mass of arms and legs.
  3. The gray ocean seethed beneath them.

50

evangelism (n)

  • a person who tries to persuade people to become Christians, especially by traveling around the country holding religious meetings or speaking on radio or television
  • sự truyền bá phúc âm

 

  1. The Internet Evangelism Day team emphasizes that web evangelism is for anyone, not just the technically gifted.

51

  • the set of rules that must be followed in a particular job, organization, or game
  • sách luật

 

  1. But perhaps the best example is the Senate's rulebook, which is rarely reformed, and so increasingly misused.
  2. You're taught, in fact, to call a rulebook strike zone and that the runner has to beat the ball to the bag in order to be called safe.

rulebook (n)

52

  • a disease that causes fever and shivering (= shaking of the body) caused by the bite of some types ofmosquitoes
  • bệnh sốt rét

 

  1. Malaria infects over 300 million people per year.
  2. Over the past decade, an unprecedented effort has been launched to defeat malaria.

malaria (n)

53

  • looking severe and without any color or decoration
  • unpleasant; real, and impossible to avoid
  • very different from something in a way that is easy to see
  • ảm đạm, bình dị, đích thực, lộ rõ

 

  1. The hills stood stark against the winter sky.
  2. He now faces the stark reality of life in prison.
  3. The good weather was in stark contrast to the storms of previous weeks.

stark (n)

54

  • to want something very much, especially when it is very difficult to get
  • khao khát, mong mỏi, nóng lòng

 

  1. The people yearned for peace.
  2. There was a yearning look in his eyes.
  3. She yearned to escape from her office job.

yearn (v)

55

  • bad-tempered and unpleasant
  • cáu gắt, gắt gỏng

 

  1. She was often kind of crabby and irritable overseas when she had to travel with him.
  2. It's so much fun, although I have been kind of crabby from playing it for too long!

crabby (adj)

56

  • bad-tempered and always complaining
  • khó tính, hay gắt gỏng

 

  1. a cantankerous old man
  2. He was called cantankerous, which he probably took as a badge of honour.

cantankerous (adj)

57

  • a cruel and frightening giant who eats people
  • a very frightening person
  • người ác như quỷ

 

  1. My boss is a real ogre.

ogre (n)

58

  • having a hard outer layer
  • bad-tempered; easily irritated
  • có vỏ cứng, cọc cằn, hay cáu kỉnh

 

  1. fresh crusty bread
  2. a crusty old man

crusty (adj)

59

  • to be extremely angry about something but try not to show other people how angry you are
  • to be full of a lot of people or animals, especially when they are all moving around
  • to move around quickly and violently
  • rất giận dữ, sôi sục, náo động đông người

 

  1. She seethed silently in the corner.
  2. He became caught up in a seething mass of arms and legs.
  3. The gray ocean seethed beneath them.

seethe (v)

60

  • a person who tries to persuade people to become Christians, especially by traveling around the country holding religious meetings or speaking on radio or television
  • sự truyền bá phúc âm

 

  1. The Internet Evangelism Day team emphasizes that web evangelism is for anyone, not just the technically gifted.

evangelism (n)

61

growl (v)

  • to make a low sound in the throat, usually as a sign of anger
  • to say something in a low angry voice
  • gầm gừ, càu nhàu, lẩm bẩm

 

  1. The dog growled at them.
  2. “Who are you?” he growled at the stranger.
  3. She growled a sarcastic reply.

62

conundrum (n)

  • a confusing problem or question that is very difficult to solve
  • a question, usually involving a trick with words, that you ask for fun
  • câu đố, câu hỏi hóc búa

 

  1. "We ran into what we called the conundrum," he said.
  2. Ancelotti poses a title conundrum as the race hots up.
  3. More broadly, a conundrum is any problem where the answer is very complex, possibly unsolvable without deep investigation.

63

nary (adj)

  • not a; no
  • không (từ cổ)

 

  1. He spoke nary a word until we arrived.
  2. Yet, nary a word about the number of unborn children that die each year at the hands of health care providers.

64

coax (v)

  • to persuade someone to do something by talking to them in a kind and gentle way
  • dỗ ngọt, tán tỉnh

 

 

  1. She coaxed the horse into coming a little closer.
  2. Police managed to coax the man down from the ledge.
  3. The director coaxed a brilliant performance out of the cast.

65

obnoxious (adj)

  • extremely unpleasant, especially in a way that offends people
  • rất khó chịu, ghê tởm

 

  1. I suppose in Britain being obnoxious is still against the law, unlike the US.
  2. "Before she goes to world competitions she gets wired and she gets plain obnoxious," she says.

66

rogue (n)

  • a person who behaves badly, but in a harmless way
  • a man who is dishonest and immoral
  • thằng ranh con, thằng nhóc tinh nghịch, thằng đểu

 

  1. He's a bit of a rogue, but very charming.
  2. rogues' gallery (= a collection of pictures of criminals)

67

clash (n)

  • a short fight between two groups of people
  • an argument between two people or groups of people who have different beliefs and ideas
  • sự va chạm, xung đột

 

  1. Eight people were wounded in a clash with border guards.
  2. a clash between the two leaders over education policy

68

devour (v)

  • to eat all of something quickly, especially because you are very hungry
  • to destroy someone or something
  • to read or look at something with great interest and enthusiasm
  • ăn ngấu nghiến, đọc ngấu nghiến, tàn phá

 

  1. He devoured half of his burger in one bite.
  2. She devoured everything she could lay her hands on: books, magazines, and newspapers.
  3. Flames devoured the house.

69

wreckage (n)

  • the parts of a vehicle, building, etc. that remain after it has been badly damaged or destroyed
  • xác tàu đắm, vật đổ nát

 

  1. A few survivors were pulled from the wreckage.
  2. Pieces of wreckage were found ten miles away from the scene of the explosion.
  3. Could nothing be rescued from the wreckage of her dreams?

70

debris (n)

  • pieces of wood, metal, brick, etc., that are left after something has been destroyed
  • pieces of material that are not wanted and trash that is left somewhere
  • mảnh vỡ, vôi gạch đổ nát

 

  1. Emergency teams are still clearing the debris from the plane crash.
  2. Clear away leaves and other garden debris from the pond.
  3. the debris of their lunch

71

  • to make a low sound in the throat, usually as a sign of anger
  • to say something in a low angry voice
  • gầm gừ, càu nhàu, lẩm bẩm

 

  1. The dog growled at them.
  2. “Who are you?” he growled at the stranger.
  3. She growled a sarcastic reply.

growl (v)

72

  • a confusing problem or question that is very difficult to solve
  • a question, usually involving a trick with words, that you ask for fun
  • câu đố, câu hỏi hóc búa

 

  1. "We ran into what we called the conundrum," he said.
  2. Ancelotti poses a title conundrum as the race hots up.
  3. More broadly, a conundrum is any problem where the answer is very complex, possibly unsolvable without deep investigation.

conundrum (n)

73

  • not a; no
  • không (từ cổ)

 

  1. He spoke nary a word until we arrived.
  2. Yet, nary a word about the number of unborn children that die each year at the hands of health care providers.

nary (adj)

74

  • to persuade someone to do something by talking to them in a kind and gentle way
  • dỗ ngọt, tán tỉnh

 

 

  1. She coaxed the horse into coming a little closer.
  2. Police managed to coax the man down from the ledge.
  3. The director coaxed a brilliant performance out of the cast.

coax (v)

75

  • extremely unpleasant, especially in a way that offends people
  • rất khó chịu, ghê tởm

 

  1. I suppose in Britain being obnoxious is still against the law, unlike the US.
  2. "Before she goes to world competitions she gets wired and she gets plain obnoxious," she says.

obnoxious (adj)

76

  • a person who behaves badly, but in a harmless way
  • a man who is dishonest and immoral
  • thằng ranh con, thằng nhóc tinh nghịch, thằng đểu

 

  1. He's a bit of a rogue, but very charming.
  2. rogues' gallery (= a collection of pictures of criminals)

rogue (n)

77

  • a short fight between two groups of people
  • an argument between two people or groups of people who have different beliefs and ideas
  • sự va chạm, xung đột

 

  1. Eight people were wounded in a clash with border guards.
  2. a clash between the two leaders over education policy

clash (n)

78

  • to eat all of something quickly, especially because you are very hungry
  • to destroy someone or something
  • to read or look at something with great interest and enthusiasm
  • ăn ngấu nghiến, đọc ngấu nghiến, tàn phá

 

  1. He devoured half of his burger in one bite.
  2. She devoured everything she could lay her hands on: books, magazines, and newspapers.
  3. Flames devoured the house.

devour (v)

79

  • the parts of a vehicle, building, etc. that remain after it has been badly damaged or destroyed
  • xác tàu đắm, vật đổ nát

 

  1. A few survivors were pulled from the wreckage.
  2. Pieces of wreckage were found ten miles away from the scene of the explosion.
  3. Could nothing be rescued from the wreckage of her dreams?

wreckage (n)

80

  • pieces of wood, metal, brick, etc., that are left after something has been destroyed
  • pieces of material that are not wanted and trash that is left somewhere
  • mảnh vỡ, vôi gạch đổ nát

 

  1. Emergency teams are still clearing the debris from the plane crash.
  2. Clear away leaves and other garden debris from the pond.
  3. the debris of their lunch

debris (n)

81

impotence (n)

  • having no power to change things or to influence a situation
  • unable to achieve an erection and therefore unable to have full sex
  • sự bất lực, bệnh liệt dương

 

  1. Without the chairman's support, the committee is impotent.
  2. It irritated him to have to sit impotently in silence.

82

dichotomy (between A and B) (n)

  • the separation that exists between two groups or things that are completely opposite to and different from each other
  • sự phân đôi

 

  1. The "Microsoft vs. Linux" dichotomy is a false one.
  2. I agree absolutely that the “two options only” dichotomy is restrictive and redundant.

83

colossal (adj)

  • extremely large
  • khổng lồ, to lớn

 

  1. The singer earns a colossal amount of money.
  2. Their nuclear power, though colossal, is so colossal as to be unusable except for keeping each other terrified.

84

roundabout (adj)

  • not done or said using the shortest, simplest, or most direct way possible
  • quanh co, vòng vo

 

  1. It was a difficult and roundabout trip.
  2. He told us, in a very roundabout way, that he was thinking of leaving.

85

elation (n)

  • a feeling of great happiness and excitement
  • sự phấn chấn, tự hào, hãnh diện

 

  1. She felt a great sense of elation as she left for her vacation.
  2. She knows that if I am not looking up every five minutes in elation to bug her about how great it is, that it's not great.

86

debunk (v)

  • to show that an idea, a belief, etc., is false; to show that something is not as good as people think it is
  • vạch trần, lật tẩy (sự lừa dối), hạ bệ (làm mất thanh thế)

 

  1. His theories have been debunked by recent research.
  2. That is why those of us who feel that the Myth is already dead for us must not make the mistake of trying to 'debunk' it in the wrong way.

87

flack (n)

  • a press agent; a publicist.
  • nhân viên báo chỉ chuyên về quảng cáo

 

  1. He never gave a media interview, telling an overeager label flack: "It's better that way; when I talk, it's rubbish."

88

innate (adj)

  • that you have when you are born
  • bẩm sinh

 

  1. the innate ability to learn
  2. He never lost his innate sense of fun.
  3. He believes that humans are innately violent.
  4. Racism is the belief that one race is innately superior to another.

89

frivolity (n)

  • behavior that is silly or amusing, especially when this is not suitable
  • sự phù phiếm, sự nhẹ dạ, sự bông lông

 

 

  1. It was just a piece of harmless frivolity.
  2. A wave of frivolity has overtaken the election campaign.
  3. I can't waste time on such frivolities.

90

morph (s.o/sth into s.o/sth) (v)

  • to change smoothly from one image to another using computer animation; to make an image change in this way
  • to change, or make someone or something change, into something different
  • sự biến hình

 

  1. In other words, the rate at which words tend to morph is in inverse proportion to how often they're used.

 

 

91

  • having no power to change things or to influence a situation
  • unable to achieve an erection and therefore unable to have full sex
  • sự bất lực, bệnh liệt dương

 

  1. Without the chairman's support, the committee is impotent.
  2. It irritated him to have to sit impotently in silence.

impotence (n)

92

  • the separation that exists between two groups or things that are completely opposite to and different from each other
  • sự phân đôi

 

  1. The "Microsoft vs. Linux" dichotomy is a false one.
  2. I agree absolutely that the “two options only” dichotomy is restrictive and redundant.

dichotomy (between A and B) (n)

93

  • extremely large
  • khổng lồ, to lớn

 

  1. The singer earns a colossal amount of money.
  2. Their nuclear power, though colossal, is so colossal as to be unusable except for keeping each other terrified.

colossal (adj)

94

  • not done or said using the shortest, simplest, or most direct way possible
  • quanh co, vòng vo

 

  1. It was a difficult and roundabout trip.
  2. He told us, in a very roundabout way, that he was thinking of leaving.

roundabout (adj)

95

  • a feeling of great happiness and excitement
  • sự phấn chấn, tự hào, hãnh diện

 

  1. She felt a great sense of elation as she left for her vacation.
  2. She knows that if I am not looking up every five minutes in elation to bug her about how great it is, that it's not great.

elation (n)

96

  • to show that an idea, a belief, etc., is false; to show that something is not as good as people think it is
  • vạch trần, lật tẩy (sự lừa dối), hạ bệ (làm mất thanh thế)

 

  1. His theories have been debunked by recent research.
  2. That is why those of us who feel that the Myth is already dead for us must not make the mistake of trying to 'debunk' it in the wrong way.

debunk (v)

97

  • a press agent; a publicist.
  • nhân viên báo chỉ chuyên về quảng cáo

 

  1. He never gave a media interview, telling an overeager label flack: "It's better that way; when I talk, it's rubbish."

flack (n)

98

  • that you have when you are born
  • bẩm sinh

 

  1. the innate ability to learn
  2. He never lost his innate sense of fun.
  3. He believes that humans are innately violent.
  4. Racism is the belief that one race is innately superior to another.

innate (adj)

99

  • behavior that is silly or amusing, especially when this is not suitable
  • sự phù phiếm, sự nhẹ dạ, sự bông lông

 

 

  1. It was just a piece of harmless frivolity.
  2. A wave of frivolity has overtaken the election campaign.
  3. I can't waste time on such frivolities.

frivolity (n)

100

  • to change smoothly from one image to another using computer animation; to make an image change in this way
  • to change, or make someone or something change, into something different
  • sự biến hình

 

  1. In other words, the rate at which words tend to morph is in inverse proportion to how often they're used.

 

 

morph (s.o/sth into s.o/sth) (v)

101

augur well/badly/ill (v)

  • to be a sign that something will be successful or not successful in the future
  • bói, tiên đoán, thầy bói
  • augur well = là điềm tốt, augur ill = là điềm xấu

 

  1. Conflicts among the various groups do not augur well for the future of the peace talks.

102

appendage (n)

  • a smaller or less important part of something larger
  • phần phụ, phần phụ thuộc, phần thêm vào

 

  1. The two appendages hanging from the insect's mouth are used to detect and taste food.
  2. He treats his wife like a mere appendage.

103

atrocious (adj)

  • very bad or unpleasant
  • very cruel and shocking
  • hung ác tàn bạo, rất tệ

 

  1. She speaks French with an atrocious accent.
  2. Isn't the weather atrocious?
  3. atrocious acts of brutality

104

unfathomable (adj)

  • too strange or difficult to be understood
  • if someone has an unfathomable expression, it is impossible to know what they are thinking
  • không dò ra được, không thể hiểu được

 

  1. an unfathomable mystery
  2. He just looked at her, his expression unfathomable.

105

imbuing (adj)

  • to fill someone or something with strong feelings, opinions, or values
  • thấm đẫm

 

  1. Her voice was imbued with an unusual seriousness.
  2. He was imbued with a desire for social justice.
  3. Fans love the idea of imbuing a device with a visual and tactile importance.

106

demur (v)

  • to say that you do not agree with something or that you refuse to do something
  • ngần ngại, có ý kiến phản đối

 

  1. At first she demurred, but then finally agreed.
  2. They accepted without demur.

107

rote-based learning (n)

  • the process of learning something by repeating it until you remember it, rather than by understanding the meaning of it
  • học vẹt

 

  1. The era of photocopied vocabulary lists read by rote is thankfully over, thanks to textbooks like Compelling Conversations.
  2. Because "rote" learning and "memorization" have negative connotations for most people, it might be better to speak of learning things by heart.

108

eradicate (v)

  • to destroy or get rid of something completely, especially something bad
  • nhổ rễ, trừ tiệt

 

  1. We are determined to eradicate racism from our sport.
  2. Diphtheria (bệnh bạch hầu) has been virtually eradicated in the United States.

109

scuffle (v)

  • a short and not very violent fight or struggle
  • cuộc hỗn chiến, ẩu đả

 

  1. Scuffles broke out between police and demonstrators.
  2. He was involved in a scuffle with a photographer.
  3. She scuffled with photographers as she left her hotel.

110

influx (n)

  • the fact of a lot of people, money, or things arriving somewhere
  • sự tràn vào, dòng người, cửa sông

 

  1. the influx of wealth into the region
  2. Many say the influx is straining the country's social welfare system.
  3. During the last twenty years in influx of Chinese into Canada far exceeded that of the other two races under consideration.

111

  • to be a sign that something will be successful or not successful in the future
  • bói, tiên đoán, thầy bói
  • augur well = là điềm tốt, augur ill = là điềm xấu

 

  1. Conflicts among the various groups do not augur well for the future of the peace talks.

augur well/badly/ill (v)

112

  • a smaller or less important part of something larger
  • phần phụ, phần phụ thuộc, phần thêm vào

 

  1. The two appendages hanging from the insect's mouth are used to detect and taste food.
  2. He treats his wife like a mere appendage.

appendage (n)

113

  • very bad or unpleasant
  • very cruel and shocking
  • hung ác tàn bạo, rất tệ

 

  1. She speaks French with an atrocious accent.
  2. Isn't the weather atrocious?
  3. atrocious acts of brutality

atrocious (adj)

114

  • too strange or difficult to be understood
  • if someone has an unfathomable expression, it is impossible to know what they are thinking
  • không dò ra được, không thể hiểu được

 

  1. an unfathomable mystery
  2. He just looked at her, his expression unfathomable.

unfathomable (adj)

115

  • to fill someone or something with strong feelings, opinions, or values
  • thấm đẫm

 

  1. Her voice was imbued with an unusual seriousness.
  2. He was imbued with a desire for social justice.
  3. Fans love the idea of imbuing a device with a visual and tactile importance.

imbuing (adj)

116

  • to say that you do not agree with something or that you refuse to do something
  • ngần ngại, có ý kiến phản đối

 

  1. At first she demurred, but then finally agreed.
  2. They accepted without demur.

demur (v)

117

  • the process of learning something by repeating it until you remember it, rather than by understanding the meaning of it
  • học vẹt

 

  1. The era of photocopied vocabulary lists read by rote is thankfully over, thanks to textbooks like Compelling Conversations.
  2. Because "rote" learning and "memorization" have negative connotations for most people, it might be better to speak of learning things by heart.

rote-based learning (n)

118

  • to destroy or get rid of something completely, especially something bad
  • nhổ rễ, trừ tiệt

 

  1. We are determined to eradicate racism from our sport.
  2. Diphtheria (bệnh bạch hầu) has been virtually eradicated in the United States.

eradicate (v)

119

  • a short and not very violent fight or struggle
  • cuộc hỗn chiến, ẩu đả

 

  1. Scuffles broke out between police and demonstrators.
  2. He was involved in a scuffle with a photographer.
  3. She scuffled with photographers as she left her hotel.

scuffle (v)

120

  • the fact of a lot of people, money, or things arriving somewhere
  • sự tràn vào, dòng người, cửa sông

 

  1. the influx of wealth into the region
  2. Many say the influx is straining the country's social welfare system.
  3. During the last twenty years in influx of Chinese into Canada far exceeded that of the other two races under consideration.

influx (n)

121

plunge (into something) (v)

  • to move or make someone or something move suddenly forward and/or downward
  • to decrease suddenly and quickly
  • to start doing something in an enthusiastic way, especially without thinking carefully about what you are doing
  • lao vào khó khăn, nhận chìm, rơi tụt xuống

 

  1. She was about to plunge into her story when the phone rang.
  2. This year profits plunged by 40%.
  3. The country plunged deeper into recession.

122

ravine (v)

  • a deep and very narrow valley with steep sides
  • khe núi, hẻm núi có suối

 

  1. The track continued along the bottom of the ravine.
  2. The chopper crashed into a mountain ravine on Tuesday, apparently after being hit by rebel fire.

123

cardiac (adj)

  • connected with the heart or heart disease
  • liên quan đến tim mạch

 

  1. to suffer cardiac arrest (= an occasion when a person's heart stops temporarily or permanently)
  2. Every technological form of support and treatment available in cardiac care is available here.
  3. Plants that contain cardiac glycoside can cause changes in the rate or rhythm of your child's heart.

124

consensus (n)

  • an opinion that all members of a group agree with
  • sự đồng lòng, nhất trí, đồng tâm

 

  1. She is skilled at achieving consensus on sensitive issues.
  2. There is a growing consensus of opinion on this issue.
  3. an attempt to reach a consensus

125

mayhem (n)

  • confusion and fear, usually caused by violent behavior or by some sudden shocking event
  • tình trạng hoảng loạn

 

  1. There was absolute mayhem when everyone tried to get out at once.
  2. It only takes a few stupid people to create mayhem in a crowd.

126

concussion (n)

  • a temporary loss of consciousness caused by a blow to the head; the effects of a severe blow to the head such as confusion and temporary loss of physical and mental abilities
  • chấn động não

 

  1. He was taken to the hospital with a concussion.

127

rattle (v)

  • to make a series of short loud sounds when hitting against something hard; to make something do this
  • to make someone nervous or frightened
  • tạo ra tiếng lạch cạch, làm cho ai hồi hộp, lo sợ

 

  1. He was clearly rattled by the question.
  2. Every time a bus went past, the windows rattled.
  3. He shook me so hard that my teeth rattled.

128

emeritus (adj)

  • used with a title to show that a person, usually a college teacher, keeps the title as an honor, although he or she has stopped working
  • (giáo sư) danh dự

 

  1. the Emeritus Professor of Biology
  2. Professor Emerita Mary Judd (woman)

129

simmer (v)

  • to cook something by keeping it almost at boiling point; to be cooked in this way
  • to be filled with a strong feeling, especially anger, which you have difficulty controlling
  • trạng thái sôi, trạng thái cố kìm chế, nén lại

 

  1. Anger simmered inside him.
  2. Leave the soup to simmer.
  3. Simmer the sauce gently for 10 minutes.

130

seduction (n)

  • the act of persuading someone to have sex with you
  • the qualities or features of something that make it seem attractive
  • sự dụ dỗ, sự cám dỗ, sức quyến rũ

 

  1. Cleopatra's seduction of Caesar
  2. Who could resist the seductions of the tropical island?

131

  • to move or make someone or something move suddenly forward and/or downward
  • to decrease suddenly and quickly
  • to start doing something in an enthusiastic way, especially without thinking carefully about what you are doing
  • lao vào khó khăn, nhận chìm, rơi tụt xuống

 

  1. She was about to plunge into her story when the phone rang.
  2. This year profits plunged by 40%.
  3. The country plunged deeper into recession.

plunge (into something) (v)

132

  • a deep and very narrow valley with steep sides
  • khe núi, hẻm núi có suối

 

  1. The track continued along the bottom of the ravine.
  2. The chopper crashed into a mountain ravine on Tuesday, apparently after being hit by rebel fire.

ravine (v)

133

  • connected with the heart or heart disease
  • liên quan đến tim mạch

 

  1. to suffer cardiac arrest (= an occasion when a person's heart stops temporarily or permanently)
  2. Every technological form of support and treatment available in cardiac care is available here.
  3. Plants that contain cardiac glycoside can cause changes in the rate or rhythm of your child's heart.

cardiac (adj)

134

  • an opinion that all members of a group agree with
  • sự đồng lòng, nhất trí, đồng tâm

 

  1. She is skilled at achieving consensus on sensitive issues.
  2. There is a growing consensus of opinion on this issue.
  3. an attempt to reach a consensus

consensus (n)

135

  • confusion and fear, usually caused by violent behavior or by some sudden shocking event
  • tình trạng hoảng loạn

 

  1. There was absolute mayhem when everyone tried to get out at once.
  2. It only takes a few stupid people to create mayhem in a crowd.

mayhem (n)

136

  • a temporary loss of consciousness caused by a blow to the head; the effects of a severe blow to the head such as confusion and temporary loss of physical and mental abilities
  • chấn động não

 

  1. He was taken to the hospital with a concussion.

concussion (n)

137

  • to make a series of short loud sounds when hitting against something hard; to make something do this
  • to make someone nervous or frightened
  • tạo ra tiếng lạch cạch, làm cho ai hồi hộp, lo sợ

 

  1. He was clearly rattled by the question.
  2. Every time a bus went past, the windows rattled.
  3. He shook me so hard that my teeth rattled.

rattle (v)

138

  • used with a title to show that a person, usually a college teacher, keeps the title as an honor, although he or she has stopped working
  • (giáo sư) danh dự

 

  1. the Emeritus Professor of Biology
  2. Professor Emerita Mary Judd (woman)

emeritus (adj)

139

  • to cook something by keeping it almost at boiling point; to be cooked in this way
  • to be filled with a strong feeling, especially anger, which you have difficulty controlling
  • trạng thái sôi, trạng thái cố kìm chế, nén lại

 

  1. Anger simmered inside him.
  2. Leave the soup to simmer.
  3. Simmer the sauce gently for 10 minutes.

simmer (v)

140

  • the act of persuading someone to have sex with you
  • the qualities or features of something that make it seem attractive
  • sự dụ dỗ, sự cám dỗ, sức quyến rũ

 

  1. Cleopatra's seduction of Caesar
  2. Who could resist the seductions of the tropical island?

seduction (n)

141

reprieve (v)

  • to officially cancel or delay a punishment, especially for a prisoner who is condemned to death
  • to officially cancel or delay plans to close something or end something
  • hoãn thi hành, ân xá, giảm tội

 

  1. a reprieved murderer
  2. 70 jobs have been reprieved until next April.

142

deportation (n)

  • to force someone to leave a country, usually because they have broken the law or because they have no legal right to be there
  • sự trục xuất, lưu đày

 

  1. He was convicted of drug offenses and deported.
  2. Several of the asylum seekers now face deportation.

143

tertiary (n)

  • third in order, rank, or importance
  • thứ 3, sau thứ tự 2

 

  1. tertiary burns (bỏng cấp 3)
  2. the tertiary sector (= the area of industry that deals with services rather than materials or goods)

144

infertility (n)

  • not able to have babies or produce young
  • not able to produce good crops
  • vô sinh, sự cằn cỗi không thể trồng trọt

 

  1. an infertile couple
  2. infertility treatment for couples
  3. My infertility is the trope throughout, and it's a subject rich with stories.

145

progeny (n)

  • a person's children; the young of animals and plants
  • con cháu, dòng dõi

 

  1. He was surrounded by his numerous progeny.
  2. At least one parent should be a U.S. citizen before the progeny is eligible would be my opinion.

146

malaise (n)

  • the problems affecting a particular situation or group of people that are difficult to explain or identify
  • a general feeling of being sick, unhappy, or not satisfied, without signs of any particular problem
  • khó ở, tình trạng khó chịu

 

  1. The latest crime figures are merely symptomatic of a wider malaise in society.
  2. a serious malaise among the employees

147

furor (n)

  • great anger or excitement shown by a number of people, usually caused by a public event
  • cơn cuồng nhiệt

 

  1. His novel about Jesus caused a furor among Christians.
  2. the recent furor over tax increases

148

villain (n)

  • the main bad character in a story, play, etc.
  • a person who is morally bad or responsible for causing trouble or harm
  • a criminal
  • nhân vật phản diện, kẻ hung ác, thằng quỷ sứ con

 

  1. He often plays the part of the villain.
  2. Industrialized nations are the real environmental villains.

149

taupe (n)

  • a color that is between brown and gray
  • màu nâu sẫm

 

  1. She appeared steady and solid in taupe pantsuit and sensible heels.
  2. The walls are a freshly painted taupe and the windows are curtainless.

150

detritus (n)

  • natural waste material that is left after something has been used or broken up
  • any kind of garbage that is left after an event or when something has been used, or debris
  • mảnh vụn

 

  1. organic detritus from fish and plants
  2. the detritus of everyday life

151

  • to officially cancel or delay a punishment, especially for a prisoner who is condemned to death
  • to officially cancel or delay plans to close something or end something
  • hoãn thi hành, ân xá, giảm tội

 

  1. a reprieved murderer
  2. 70 jobs have been reprieved until next April.

reprieve (v)

152

  • to force someone to leave a country, usually because they have broken the law or because they have no legal right to be there
  • sự trục xuất, lưu đày

 

  1. He was convicted of drug offenses and deported.
  2. Several of the asylum seekers now face deportation.

deportation (n)

153

  • third in order, rank, or importance
  • thứ 3, sau thứ tự 2

 

  1. tertiary burns (bỏng cấp 3)
  2. the tertiary sector (= the area of industry that deals with services rather than materials or goods)

tertiary (n)

154

  • not able to have babies or produce young
  • not able to produce good crops
  • vô sinh, sự cằn cỗi không thể trồng trọt

 

  1. an infertile couple
  2. infertility treatment for couples
  3. My infertility is the trope throughout, and it's a subject rich with stories.

infertility (n)

155

  • a person's children; the young of animals and plants
  • con cháu, dòng dõi

 

  1. He was surrounded by his numerous progeny.
  2. At least one parent should be a U.S. citizen before the progeny is eligible would be my opinion.

progeny (n)

156

  • the problems affecting a particular situation or group of people that are difficult to explain or identify
  • a general feeling of being sick, unhappy, or not satisfied, without signs of any particular problem
  • khó ở, tình trạng khó chịu

 

  1. The latest crime figures are merely symptomatic of a wider malaise in society.
  2. a serious malaise among the employees

malaise (n)

157

  • great anger or excitement shown by a number of people, usually caused by a public event
  • cơn cuồng nhiệt

 

  1. His novel about Jesus caused a furor among Christians.
  2. the recent furor over tax increases

furor (n)

158

  • the main bad character in a story, play, etc.
  • a person who is morally bad or responsible for causing trouble or harm
  • a criminal
  • nhân vật phản diện, kẻ hung ác, thằng quỷ sứ con

 

  1. He often plays the part of the villain.
  2. Industrialized nations are the real environmental villains.

villain (n)

159

  • a color that is between brown and gray
  • màu nâu sẫm

 

  1. She appeared steady and solid in taupe pantsuit and sensible heels.
  2. The walls are a freshly painted taupe and the windows are curtainless.

taupe (n)

160

  • natural waste material that is left after something has been used or broken up
  • any kind of garbage that is left after an event or when something has been used, or debris
  • mảnh vụn

 

  1. organic detritus from fish and plants
  2. the detritus of everyday life

detritus (n)

161

exuberance (n)

  • full of energy, excitement, and happiness
  • strong and healthy; growing quickly and well
  • tính sum sê, hồ hởi, chứa chan tình cảm

 

  1. She gave an exuberant performance.
  2. an exuberant personality/imagination
  3. We can excuse his behavior as youthful exuberance.
  4. Nothing will curb her natural exuberance.

162

gelatinous (adj)

  • thick and sticky, like jelly
  • sền sệt, dạng keo

 

  1. a gelatinous substance
  2. Oh, and is it just me, or does that goat/sheep's head is surrounded by some kind of gelatinous substance?
  3. Her tiny transparent feet, covered in gelatinous skin, look like those of some aquatic creature.

163

officious (adj)

  • too ready to tell people what to do or to use the power you have to give orders
  • lăng xăng, không chính thức

 

  1. an officious statement
  2. “You can't park here,” he said officiously.
  3. There is a kind of officious attentiveness which is really the expression of a species of vanity.

164

supplicate (v)

  • the act of asking for something with a very humble request or prayer
  • năn nỉ, khẩn khoản

 

  1. She knelt in supplication.
  2. He listened with scant patience to their supplications.
  3. On top of that, you have to supplicate in front of a officer whose salary is paid out of the money that you pay as a tax payer.
  4. And I am not the sort to supplicate myself to my work.

165

odium (n)

  • a feeling of hatred that a lot of people have toward someone, because of something they have done
  • chê bai, dè bỉu

 

  1. That the term "old maid" has lost its odium is due to the fact that unmarried women have made a place for themselves in the world of business.
  2. It is wise, too, in relation to the civilized world around us, to avoid giving occasion to the odium which is so industriously excited against ourselves and our institutions.

166

crock (n)

  • a large pot made of baked clay
  • a crock/pot of gold = a large prize or reward that someone hopes for but is unlikely to get
  • a person who is physically limited by age, illness or injury
  • bình làm bằng sành, người tàn tật

 

  1. I tend to prefer a slow cooker aka crock pot over steamers.
  2. The reason they found out that the whole thing about MySpace was a crock was the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force and the FBI were able to find that out.

167

seismologist (n)

  • the scientific study of earthquakes
  • nhà địa chấn học

 

  1. "It's hard to even imagine just how much water was displaced," said Lynda Lastowka, seismologist at the United States Geological Survey.
  2. But it's really semantics right now, Paul Earle, seismologist at the National Earthquake Information Center, said

168

blissful (adj)

  • extremely happy; showing happiness
  • hạnh phúc, sung sướng

 

  1. We spent three blissful weeks away from work.
  2. We preferred to remain in blissful ignorance of (= not to know) what was going on.
  3. a blissful smile
  4. blissfully ignorant/unaware

169

acupuncture (n)

  • a Chinese method of treating pain and illness using special thin needles that are pushed into the skin in particular parts of the body
  • thuật châm cứu

 

  1. The word acupuncture was coined by French Jesuits from the Latin acus (needle) and punctura (puncture).
  2. However I will add that acupuncture is a false therapy … in and of itself … unless the receiver happens to believe that it heals.

170

surreptitious (adj)

  • done secretly or quickly, in the hope that other people will not notice
  • lén lút

 

  1. She sneaked a surreptitious glance at her watch.
  2. At its core, “macroeconomic management” is invariably an exercise in surreptitious theft and fraud.

171

  • full of energy, excitement, and happiness
  • strong and healthy; growing quickly and well
  • tính sum sê, hồ hởi, chứa chan tình cảm

 

  1. She gave an exuberant performance.
  2. an exuberant personality/imagination
  3. We can excuse his behavior as youthful exuberance.
  4. Nothing will curb her natural exuberance.

exuberance (n)

172

  • thick and sticky, like jelly
  • sền sệt, dạng keo

 

  1. a gelatinous substance
  2. Oh, and is it just me, or does that goat/sheep's head is surrounded by some kind of gelatinous substance?
  3. Her tiny transparent feet, covered in gelatinous skin, look like those of some aquatic creature.

gelatinous (adj)

173

  • too ready to tell people what to do or to use the power you have to give orders
  • lăng xăng, không chính thức

 

  1. an officious statement
  2. “You can't park here,” he said officiously.
  3. There is a kind of officious attentiveness which is really the expression of a species of vanity.

officious (adj)

174

  • the act of asking for something with a very humble request or prayer
  • năn nỉ, khẩn khoản

 

  1. She knelt in supplication.
  2. He listened with scant patience to their supplications.
  3. On top of that, you have to supplicate in front of a officer whose salary is paid out of the money that you pay as a tax payer.
  4. And I am not the sort to supplicate myself to my work.

supplicate (v)

175

  • a feeling of hatred that a lot of people have toward someone, because of something they have done
  • chê bai, dè bỉu

 

  1. That the term "old maid" has lost its odium is due to the fact that unmarried women have made a place for themselves in the world of business.
  2. It is wise, too, in relation to the civilized world around us, to avoid giving occasion to the odium which is so industriously excited against ourselves and our institutions.

odium (n)

176

  • a large pot made of baked clay
  • a crock/pot of gold = a large prize or reward that someone hopes for but is unlikely to get
  • a person who is physically limited by age, illness or injury
  • bình làm bằng sành, người tàn tật

 

  1. I tend to prefer a slow cooker aka crock pot over steamers.
  2. The reason they found out that the whole thing about MySpace was a crock was the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force and the FBI were able to find that out.

crock (n)

177

  • the scientific study of earthquakes
  • nhà địa chấn học

 

  1. "It's hard to even imagine just how much water was displaced," said Lynda Lastowka, seismologist at the United States Geological Survey.
  2. But it's really semantics right now, Paul Earle, seismologist at the National Earthquake Information Center, said

seismologist (n)

178

  • extremely happy; showing happiness
  • hạnh phúc, sung sướng

 

  1. We spent three blissful weeks away from work.
  2. We preferred to remain in blissful ignorance of (= not to know) what was going on.
  3. a blissful smile
  4. blissfully ignorant/unaware

blissful (adj)

179

  • a Chinese method of treating pain and illness using special thin needles that are pushed into the skin in particular parts of the body
  • thuật châm cứu

 

  1. The word acupuncture was coined by French Jesuits from the Latin acus (needle) and punctura (puncture).
  2. However I will add that acupuncture is a false therapy … in and of itself … unless the receiver happens to believe that it heals.

acupuncture (n)

180

  • done secretly or quickly, in the hope that other people will not notice
  • lén lút

 

  1. She sneaked a surreptitious glance at her watch.
  2. At its core, “macroeconomic management” is invariably an exercise in surreptitious theft and fraud.

surreptitious (adj)

181

supersede (v)

  • to take the place of something or someone that is considered to be old-fashioned or no longer the best available
  • thế chỗ, bỏ cái cũ

 

  1. The dissent will "supersede" the preliminary paper that came out last month, Hennessey said on his blog.
  2. The theory has been superseded by more recent research.

182

symbiotic (adj)

  • the relationship between two different living creatures that live close together and depend on each other in particular ways, each getting particular benefits from the other
  • a relationship between people, companies, etc. that is to the advantage of both
  • sống cộng sinh

 

  1. The birds live in symbiosis with the cattle, picking insects from their skin to eat.
  2. She imagined us living in a perfect mother and daughter symbiosis.

183

usurp (v)

  • to take someone's position and/or power without having the right to do this
  • cướp quyền

 

  1. I wondered who the skinny Black guy was trying to 'usurp' my candidate's position, then I heard him speak.
  2. So they clearly know in the Obama campaign that he's been able to kind of usurp that mantle and bring change and the maverick thing.

184

exculpate (v)

  • to prove or state officially that someone is not guilty of something
  • giải tội, tuyên bố vô tội

 

  1. The defendant was able to exculpate himself from liability.
  2. “I know—I'm just saying,” he said, trying to exculpate himself from blame for the unintentional insult.

185

tacit (adj)

  • that is suggested indirectly or understood, rather than said in words
  • hiểu ngầm, bất thành văn

 

  1. tacit approval/support/knowledge
  2. By tacit agreement, the subject was never mentioned again.
  3. It was tacitly assumed that he would be promoted at the end of the year.

186

taciturn (adj)

  • tending not to say very much, in a way that seems unfriendly
  • ít nói, lầm lì, không cởi mở

 

  1. a taciturn and serious young man
  2. One of the advantages of being taciturn is that it is rare for your words to get you into trouble.
  3. I think there was a kind of taciturn and absolute resolution necessary to survive there that is actually a pretty heavy burden.

187

exigent (adj)

  • urgent; needing immediate action
  • demanding; needing great effort
  • cấp bách, khẩn cấp, đòi hỏi quá đáng, hay yêu sách

 

  1. A couple things, have you ever heard of the word exigent?
  2. Now, under the law, police may enter a home without knocking if certain so-called exigent circumstances exist.

188

exacerbate (v)

  • to make something worse, especially a disease or problem
  • làm trầm trọng, làm bực tức

 

  1. His aggressive reaction only exacerbated the situation.
  2. The symptoms may be exacerbated by certain drugs.

189

expedient (adj)

  • an action that is useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right
  • thiết thực, thích hợp, có động cơ cá nhân

 

  1. The disease was controlled by the simple expedient of not allowing anyone to leave the city.
  2. It is often referred to as expedient, but expediency is increasingly proving to be the deadly enemy of virtue.

190

cacophony (n)

  • a mixture of loud unpleasant sounds
  • âm tạp, tiếng lộn xộn chói tai

 

  1. Adding to the cacophony is the remodeling of the upstairs apartment.
  2. Their cacophony is making the biggest mark of the information age.

191

  • to take the place of something or someone that is considered to be old-fashioned or no longer the best available
  • thế chỗ, bỏ cái cũ

 

  1. The dissent will "supersede" the preliminary paper that came out last month, Hennessey said on his blog.
  2. The theory has been superseded by more recent research.

supersede (v)

192

  • the relationship between two different living creatures that live close together and depend on each other in particular ways, each getting particular benefits from the other
  • a relationship between people, companies, etc. that is to the advantage of both
  • sống cộng sinh

 

  1. The birds live in symbiosis with the cattle, picking insects from their skin to eat.
  2. She imagined us living in a perfect mother and daughter symbiosis.

symbiotic (adj)

193

  • to take someone's position and/or power without having the right to do this
  • cướp quyền

 

  1. I wondered who the skinny Black guy was trying to 'usurp' my candidate's position, then I heard him speak.
  2. So they clearly know in the Obama campaign that he's been able to kind of usurp that mantle and bring change and the maverick thing.

usurp (v)

194

  • to prove or state officially that someone is not guilty of something
  • giải tội, tuyên bố vô tội

 

  1. The defendant was able to exculpate himself from liability.
  2. “I know—I'm just saying,” he said, trying to exculpate himself from blame for the unintentional insult.

exculpate (v)

195

  • that is suggested indirectly or understood, rather than said in words
  • hiểu ngầm, bất thành văn

 

  1. tacit approval/support/knowledge
  2. By tacit agreement, the subject was never mentioned again.
  3. It was tacitly assumed that he would be promoted at the end of the year.

tacit (adj)

196

  • tending not to say very much, in a way that seems unfriendly
  • ít nói, lầm lì, không cởi mở

 

  1. a taciturn and serious young man
  2. One of the advantages of being taciturn is that it is rare for your words to get you into trouble.
  3. I think there was a kind of taciturn and absolute resolution necessary to survive there that is actually a pretty heavy burden.

taciturn (adj)

197

  • urgent; needing immediate action
  • demanding; needing great effort
  • cấp bách, khẩn cấp, đòi hỏi quá đáng, hay yêu sách

 

  1. A couple things, have you ever heard of the word exigent?
  2. Now, under the law, police may enter a home without knocking if certain so-called exigent circumstances exist.

exigent (adj)

198

  • to make something worse, especially a disease or problem
  • làm trầm trọng, làm bực tức

 

  1. His aggressive reaction only exacerbated the situation.
  2. The symptoms may be exacerbated by certain drugs.

exacerbate (v)

199

  • an action that is useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right
  • thiết thực, thích hợp, có động cơ cá nhân

 

  1. The disease was controlled by the simple expedient of not allowing anyone to leave the city.
  2. It is often referred to as expedient, but expediency is increasingly proving to be the deadly enemy of virtue.

expedient (adj)

200

  • a mixture of loud unpleasant sounds
  • âm tạp, tiếng lộn xộn chói tai

 

  1. Adding to the cacophony is the remodeling of the upstairs apartment.
  2. Their cacophony is making the biggest mark of the information age.

cacophony (n)