Flashcards in Normal attachment Deck (23):
what are the basic needs of a child?
Motor and sensory stimulation
What does physical care consist of?
What is attachment important for the development of?
Sense of self
Sense of others
Relationship between self and others
what was observed about children in institutions?
- poor social skills
Were over bright and have indiscriminate friendliness
what are determinants of the infant attachment pattern?
- mainly parental behaviour
- component temperament mainly from parent behaviour
what is attachment behaviour?
Any behaviour by the child to promote the attachment designed to enable a close protective relationship with the caregiver
what shapes attachments behaviour?
experiences with the caregiver in the first year
what are the three types of attachment behaviour?
what are benefits of attachment behaviours?
- protection and safety
- food and resources
- social interaction and stimulation
what are triggering events for attachment behaviour and emotions?
Anxiety and distress
threats to the carers availability.
what are trigger sites of attachment behaviour?
- within the child such as tired
- within the environment such as confusing or threatening event
- within the attachment figure such as uncertain behaviour
how does a parent promote secure behaviour?
- emotionally available and interested
- stimulation and arousal
- repeated calming experiences
- timing of interaction
what types of children arose from Ainsworth strange situation?
Type B= secure
Type A= avoidant insecure
type C= ambivalent insecure
What is a Type B child?
A secure infant that is pleased to see the caregiver upon reunion showing no anger
They use the caregiver for comfort
What is a type A child?
- they ignore the caregiver leaving and when they return they show little interest
- may avoid eye contact
what is a type C child?
Wary of exploring and very upset on separation
they urgently seek proximity on the caregiveers return
- clingy and angry
what is a type D child?
Shows disorganised attachment behaviours
apprehensive, helpess or depressed movement
freeze in the presence of the caregiver.
what do children show disorganised attachment behaviour?
- the parent is threatening to the child
- the child is in bind: source of safety is also source of threat
- parental fears of the child that they can't meet the childs needs
- child has aroused fear in parent
what is intergenerational transmission?
The infant attachment is relationship specific so they can be secure with 1 parent and insecure with another
what are types of adult attachment?
Secure; comfortable with intimacy and autonomy
Preoccupied: with relationships
Dismissive: Dismissing intimacy and strongly independent
Fearful: Socially avoidant
what is reactive attachment disorder?
As a result of parental neglect or abuse the child is fearful, miserable and doesn't respond to comfort
what is disinhibited attachment disorder?
Institution children are overfriendly, indiscriminate with their attachments and find peer relationship difficult.