Normal Development (milestones) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normal Development (milestones) Deck (14)
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1

What are the 4 categories assessed?

Gross motor
Fine motor
Social & play
Language

2

1 month milestones

Lift head when prone
Tracks with eyes
Coos
recognise parents

3

1 year milestones

Walks
Mama/dada
Neat pincer grip (2 finger)
waves bye/imitates parents

4

6 month milestones

Sit unsupported
babbles
palmar grasp (raking grip)
stranger anxiety

5

9 month milestones

Pulls to stand
double babble
early pincer grisp (3 finger)
peek-a-boo

6

2 year milestones

in twos:
two steps
two words
2 step commands
6 blocks

7

3 yr milestones

3 steps
tricycle
draw circle
brush teeth

8

Primitive reflexes name them (5) & significance

GRAMS - should disappear by 6 months. They are inhibited by the frontal lobe (retained in children with neuro insult and can reappear e.g. stroke)
Grasp
Rooting
Asymmetric tonic nexck reflex
Moro
Stepping response

9

When the primitive reflexes disappear, protective responses are gained, give an example (1)

Downward parachute - suddenly bring baby down - will abduct legs and try to land on floor

10

Name the 4 postural reflexes (LPLP)

Labyrinthine righting
Postural support
Lateral propping
Parachute

11

Describe and elicit labyrinthine righting

Tilt body - head moves in opposite direction

12

Describe and elicit postural support

Held upright - legs take weight and may push up

13

Describe and elicit lateral propping

Arm extends on side to which child falls

14

Describe and elicit downward parachute

Suspended face down - arms extend downwards