Flashcards in Notes Lecture Deck (41):
Herbert Simon said ________ enlarge the limited capacity of _____ for rational behavior
Davis Moore thesis/theory
1. All societies are _______; therefore _____ must of some beneficial effects
2. _______ has a number of jobs that must be accomplished or _____ breaks down
Davis Moore thesis/theory
3. Some jobs require more _____ and talent than others, making them _____ to fill when jobs aren't assigned by _____
4. By conferring more _____, ______ and power on those who perform vital jobs, society insures smooth operation
Davis Moore theory/thesis
5. In conclusion, the closer a society is to a _______, the more ________ it will be.
Webers definition of power
A persons ability to carry out his or her own will even against resistance from others
Socioeconomic status is made up of ___ dimensions which are:
The upper class makes up _% of the population
And the families make at least _ _____ dollars a year
Lower upper class makes up _% of the population and makes between ____ and _ _________ dollars a year
And 1 million
Upper-middle class: __% of population, ______-______ a year family income
Average-middle class: __% of population _____-______/year family income.
Lower-middle (working ) class: __% of population, _____-_____/year family income
Lower class: __% of population, less than ______/year family income
Underclass: _% of population
a. _______ ____
b. Live in inner city
c. _______ __ _______
Dependent on welfare
The top 5% of peoples wealth has _______ by ______
The lower middle class has ____ ____ dollars a year on average
in 2000, only the wealthiest _% of the worlds population had two or more cars
Feminization of poverty __% of poor adults are ______
Racial and _____ divisions have the potential to disrupt society more than any other factor with the possible exception of _____ ________ (differences in wealth).
People ___ us are ____. People different from us are ___
Harvard sociologist William Julius Wilson wrote the _______ _______ of ____
W.J. Rorabaugh wrote The _________ Republic
*Robert Merton: Structural functionalist theory of social structure and anomie also known as ______ theory
_______: Individuals accept societies goals and use socially approved means to attain them.
__________: Individuals accept goals but reject socially approved means to attain them.
______: Individuals reject cultural goals but accept socially approved means to attain them.
__________:Individuals reject culturally valued goals and reject socially approved means for attaining those goals.
_______: Individuals reject cultural goals and substitute new ones to be attained by new means.
Theodore Newcomb's Theory of interpersonal attraction
1. ______ increases the liklihood of _______
2. _______ leads to reciprocal _____ change that results in (increased/decreased) similarity
3. ______ of attitudes leads to _____
George Homans theory of attraction and power
_ ______ causes B ______
____ occurs often in relationships because _____ differentials often _____
Richard Emerson's power-dependence theory: The power of person _ over person _ is equal to the dependence of person _ on person _.
Whoever has the (least/most) ______ in the relationship has the most power.
Alfred Kinsey conducted the first ______ study of _____ _____ in the US during the 1940s at the university of Indiana.
As a cohort grows older, the liklihood theat they have had ______ sex (increases/decreases)
Vaginal intercourse is by far the most preffered and common sexual technique.
around _-_% of men are gay
Jeff Pfeffer, standford school of Business
_______: ______ positions in networks are thought to have power.
_______: the ability to _____ others from a share in a valuable resource is thought to confer power.
Emile Durkheims functions of religion:
*Provide _______ and ______ *_____ _____- if religion supports laws, so do its followers.
*Promote group ________
meaning and purpose
1 ____ of the world follows Christianity.
Rodney Stark's Model
of successful New Religions
*Retain ______ continuity with _______ religions
*Remain _____ but not too threatening
*Effective mobilization and _______