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Flashcards in Notes Lecture Deck (41):
0

Herbert Simon said ________ enlarge the limited capacity of _____ for rational behavior

Organizations
Individuals

1

Davis Moore thesis/theory
1. All societies are _______; therefore _____ must of some beneficial effects
2. _______ has a number of jobs that must be accomplished or _____ breaks down

Stratified
Stratification
Society
Society

2

Davis Moore thesis/theory
3. Some jobs require more _____ and talent than others, making them _____ to fill when jobs aren't assigned by _____
4. By conferring more _____, ______ and power on those who perform vital jobs, society insures smooth operation

Training
Harder
Income
Prestige

3

Davis Moore theory/thesis
5. In conclusion, the closer a society is to a _______, the more ________ it will be.

Meritocracy
Productive

4

Webers definition of power

A persons ability to carry out his or her own will even against resistance from others

5

Socioeconomic status is made up of ___ dimensions which are:
_______
_______
_______

Income
Education
Occupational prestige

6

The upper class makes up _% of the population
And the families make at least _ _____ dollars a year

1
One million

7

Lower upper class makes up _% of the population and makes between ____ and _ _________ dollars a year

4
300,000
And 1 million

8

Upper-middle class: __% of population, ______-______ a year family income

20
120,000
300,000

9

Average-middle class: __% of population _____-______/year family income.

40
48,000
120,000

10

Lower-middle (working ) class: __% of population, _____-_____/year family income

20
30,000
48,000

11

Lower class: __% of population, less than ______/year family income

15
30,000

12

Underclass: _% of population
a. _______ ____
b. Live in inner city
c. _______ __ _______

1
Chronically poor
Dependent on welfare

13

The top 5% of peoples wealth has _______ by ______

99,000
increased

14

The lower middle class has ____ ____ dollars a year on average

lost
2100

15

in 2000, only the wealthiest _% of the worlds population had two or more cars

8

16

Feminization of poverty __% of poor adults are ______

66.6666
women

17

Racial and _____ divisions have the potential to disrupt society more than any other factor with the possible exception of _____ ________ (differences in wealth).

Social stratification
ethnic

18

People ___ us are ____. People different from us are ___

like
good
bad

19

Harvard sociologist William Julius Wilson wrote the _______ _______ of ____

declining
significance
race

20

W.J. Rorabaugh wrote The _________ Republic

alcoholic

21

*Robert Merton: Structural functionalist theory of social structure and anomie also known as ______ theory

strain

22

_______: Individuals accept societies goals and use socially approved means to attain them.

Conformity

23

__________: Individuals accept goals but reject socially approved means to attain them.

innovation

24

______: Individuals reject cultural goals but accept socially approved means to attain them.

Ritualism

25

__________:Individuals reject culturally valued goals and reject socially approved means for attaining those goals.

Retreatism

26

_______: Individuals reject cultural goals and substitute new ones to be attained by new means.

Rebellion

27

Theodore Newcomb's Theory of interpersonal attraction
1. ______ increases the liklihood of _______
2. _______ leads to reciprocal _____ change that results in (increased/decreased) similarity
3. ______ of attitudes leads to _____

Proximity
Communication
Communication
attitude
increased
similarity
attraction

28

George Homans theory of attraction and power
_ ______ causes B ______

a
Behavior
behavior

29

____ occurs often in relationships because _____ differentials often _____

abuse
power
exist

30

Richard Emerson's power-dependence theory: The power of person _ over person _ is equal to the dependence of person _ on person _.

A
B
B
A

31

Whoever has the (least/most) ______ in the relationship has the most power.

least
interest

32

Alfred Kinsey conducted the first ______ study of _____ _____ in the US during the 1940s at the university of Indiana.

scientific
sexual
practices

33

As a cohort grows older, the liklihood theat they have had ______ sex (increases/decreases)

Extramarital
Increases

34

Vaginal intercourse is by far the most preffered and common sexual technique.

internalize

35

around _-_% of men are gay

4-6

36

Jeff Pfeffer, standford school of Business
_______: ______ positions in networks are thought to have power.
_______: the ability to _____ others from a share in a valuable resource is thought to confer power.

centrality
central
exclusion
exclude

37

Emile Durkheims functions of religion:
*Provide _______ and ______ *_____ _____- if religion supports laws, so do its followers.
*Promote group ________

meaning and purpose
Social Control
Solidarity

38

1 ____ of the world follows Christianity.

third

39

Rodney Stark's Model
of successful New Religions

*Retain ______ continuity with _______ religions

*Remain _____ but not too threatening

*Effective mobilization and _______

cultural
dominant
deviant
organization

40

Rodney Stark's Model of successful New Religions 2

*Normal ___ and ___ distribution of members.

*Seek out favorable ______ climate

*Maintain dense internal ______ while avoiding isolation

*Resist secularization, remain ______

*Adequately _____ young to limit secularization and defection

age
sex
ecological
networks
fundamental
socialize