Notifiable bee diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Notifiable bee diseases Deck (28):
1

PROTECTION OF BEE COLONIES

bee-keeper: spring-wintering: checks: every three
weeks (bees, brood)
examination before wandering: certificate
 only to places not under restrictions
random examinations by the official veterinarian
1 June – 30 September: monitoring examination:
 organisation — district veterinary officer
 carrying out: official veterinarian.

2

AMERICAN FOUL-BROOD

 Paenibacillus (Bacillus) larvae: spores —
disinfection!
 state compensation
 sample: 10X10 cm comb

3

Diseased bee colony:

signs + laboratory
confirmation

4

Suspected of being diseased:

signs + until
laboratory confirmation

5

Infected apiary :

diseased colony

monitoring period: 60 days

6

Suspected of being contaminated:

kept with
infected bee colony in the apiary within
60 days or transmission of the agent in any
other way

7

Movement restrictions:

marking of bee
colonies (hives)

8

prohibition:

antibiotic treatment
 prohibition: any intervention transmitting the
disease
 laboratory examination from the colonies
suspected of being diseased

9

Bee colonies:

killing
 less than 10— all
 from 11
– less than 50% infected: killing only the infected
colonies,
if new infected colony: killing all
– 50-75%: decision by district veterinary officer,
– 75%-: killing all
 killed bees: burning and burial (+ products,
comb, brood)
 burning and burial of every combustible
material from the hive (50 cm)
 strict disinfection (hive,
equipment, buildings, soil)

10

Suspected of being contaminated:

honey,
comb, wax: processing (sign, disinfected
container) 1 hour - 112 oC

11

remaining colonies:

checks twice a month
until lifting restrictions

12

Protection zone:

zone: 5 km
 no movement of colonies
 no exhibition
 examination of all colonies

13

wandering:

from places not under restrictions + veterinary checks
 authorization: district veterinary officer
 60 days observation (checks every 2 weeks)

14

„escape” due to plant protection:

to a place where there is no
colonies
 notification to the official veterinarian
 back to the original place within 14 days

15

Lifting restrictions:

— no colonies + strict disinfection
60 days observation (non-brooding period!) +
 strict disinfection
 if only colonies suspected of being diseased: and the
laboratory ruled out: without disinfection
 if only colonies suspected of being contaminated:
without disinfection after observation

16

EUROPEAN FOUL-BROOD

 Melissococcus pluton: no spores
 confirmation: laboratory examination
 state compensation

17

Diseased bee colony
Suspected of being diseased:
Suspected of being contaminated
Infected apiary ::european

signs + laboratory
confirmation
signs + until
laboratory confirmation
 Suspected of being contaminated: kept with
infected bee colony in the apiary within 15 days or
transmission of the agent in any other way
 Infected apiary : diseased colony

monitoring period: 15 days

18

Movement restrictions: european

 marking of bee colonies (hives)
 prohibition: any intervention transmitting the
disease
 laboratory examination from the colonies
suspected of being diseased

19

Suspected of being contaminated:european

honey,
comb, wax: processing (marked disinfected
container) 1 hour - 112 oC
 due to antibiotic treatment: keeping the
withdrawal period

20

ACARIOSIS (TRACHEAL MITE
INFECTION) OF HONEY BEE

 Acarapis woodi: parasite in the trachea of
adult bees
 confirmation: laboratory examination
 sample: at least 30 infected bees

21

 Diseased bee colony:
 Suspected of being diseased:
 Suspected of being contaminated: Acariosis

 Diseased bee colony: laboratory
confirmation
 Suspected of being diseased: signs + until
laboratory confirmation
 Suspected of being contaminated: kept
with infected bee colony in the apiary
within 6 months or transmission of the agent
in any other way

22

Movement restrictions:Acariosis

marking of bee
colonies (hives)
 prohibition: any intervention transmitting the
disease
 laboratory examination from the colonies
suspected of being diseased

23

Protection zone:Acariosis

5 km
 no movement of colonies
 no exhibition
 examination of all colonies

24

Wandering: Acariosis

from places not under restrictions + veterinary checks
 authorization: district veterinary officer

25

„escape” due to plant protection:

to a place where there is no
colonies
notification to the official veterinarian
back to the original place within 14 days

26

Lifting restrictionsAcariosis

obligatory treatment +
1 year observation + checks

27

Suspected of being contaminated:european

honey, comb, wax: processing (marked disinfected container) 1 hour - 112 oC
 due to antibiotic treatment: keeping the withdrawal period

28

Lifting restrictions:European foul brood

— no colonies + strict disinfection
 15 days observation + strict disinfection
if only colonies suspected of being diseased: and the laboratory ruled out: without disinfection
if only colonies suspected of being contaminated: without disinfection after observation