NR 472 Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NR 472 Exam 2 Deck (53):
1

Reportable diseases

  • Passive surveillance
  • Tracking expected and unexpected numbers
  • Examples: ebola, TB, measles/mumps

2

Vital statistics

data collected from ongoing events

i.e. Birth certificate, death, divorce, etc

3

Name 3 epi investigations types

descriptive, analytical, case control

4

Incidence Rate

how many new cases. It is the rate at which a specfic disease develops in a population

4

Infant Mortality Rate

  • determines health of a country
  • # of death of children (/ total number of live births in same year x 1000

4

What is a family

unit of care with identifiable roles, family assumes crucial role in maintaining health

5

Termination phase home visit

discharge

6

Numerator/Denominator:

# of events/# population at risk

7

Prevalence

All cases at a given time

7

Implementation Phase home visit

interventions, safety issues

8

Ratio

2 population at risk for disease, a comparison of one number to another

9

Case Control

Retrospective. After health outcome has occured

10

Surveys

samples of the total population

10

Hepatitis C

blood and body fluids. Most common

11

What is mandated mean

  • Report of Abuse
  • Screening
  • Health promotion
  • Regulatory record keeping
  • Care plan

12

Analytical

observe and answer questions, about cause/effect of disease

12

Initiation Phase Home visit

greeting, assessing

13

Mental Health Nurse

  • Disorders: Schizo, affective, Suicide, Anxiety
  • Issues: inappropriate discharge, inadequate system, undue burden of care, isolation
  • Mandated

13

Receptive Family style

open to suggestions

13

Disorganized family style

unpredictable, unstructured. Difficulty cooperating or planning.

14

Post home visit Phase

follow up

15

Ordered Family

hierarchical, lines of communication clearly spelled out

16

Resistive Family Style

disagrees with instiutional interpretation of the problem.  Feels powerless in the face of the larger system. Focus on families priorities.

18

3 Components of Epidemiology

Agent, Host, Environment

20

Morbidity

illness rates

21

Public Health Nurse

  • Vaccinations
  • Animal Control
  • Food Safety
  • Sewage Tx
  • Safe Water

22

Agent

Biological, physical, chemical. Ex : HIV virus

23

Mortality

death rates

24

Teeter Totter Family

family members trade roles.

26

Rate:

a statistics used to understand health events in a population. during a certain time period, therefore the probability of that even occurring for a specific population can be inferred.

27

Lopsided Family Style

responsibiity lies with one adult member

27

Tight Family Style

talking to one member means talking to the rest

29

Family Functioning Stages of Development

  • Chaotic
  • Intermediate- unable to support growth, parents are immature
  • Adolescent- teenage level
  • Adult- steady

31

Web of Causation

Age, Family Hx, Smoker, Sedentary, Nutrition

Prevention- address each issue

32

Rigid Family style

incapable of carrying out new routines

34

Hepatitis B

body fluids, can be cancerous

35

Descriptive

amount of disease in a population

36

Whos is John Snow

father of epidemiology, cholera, water contamination

37

Triangulation

tension with 2 people, may distance 3rd member

38

Home Health nurse

  • ANA standards
  • Community Based
  • Issues

39

Cultural vallues effects on care

  • maternal/paternal
  • Blood Transfusions
  • Traditions

40

Rural Nurse

  • consider diversity of location, culture, Where 20% of american live
  • Health probs: injury, accidents, trauma
  • Acess to care
  • partnerships

41

Host

demographics, level of health state, immunity

example: human

42

What is a pandemic

outbreak of exteremely large number of people in many countries

43

Numerator

number of events (top#)

45

Surveillance

ongoing collection, analysis and dissemination

46

Distancing Family Style

undertands the problem but has diffculty making connections with resources. Embarrased.

47

Hepatitis A

food borne

48

Define Epidemiology

provides a structure o ssytemically studying the distribution and determinant of health, disease and condition r/t health status

50

Preplanning Phase Home visit

preparation

51

What is an Epidemic

infection affecting large numbers of people

52

Dependent Family Style

family prefers to look to others to provide direction and supply their needs. No member available to take leadership role. May be learned from previous generations

53

Vector

any agent (person, animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism