NSG 100 Exam 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NSG 100 Exam 4 Deck (34)
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1

Sequence of blood flow through the heart valves

Tricuspid - Pulmonic - Mitral - Aortic

2

S1 heart sound

Mitral and tricuspid valves opening

3

S2 heart sound

Aortic and pulmonic valves closing

4

Inspiration is the stimulation of...

chemical receptors in the aorta

5

Right sided heart failure symptoms=

edema, distended neck veins, weight gain

6

Left sided heart failure symptoms=

SOB, crackles, difficulty breathing lying flat

7

Myocardial infarction is...

a lack of blood flow to coronary artery

8

Use to determine presence of afterload... and why?

BP cuff because afterload increases BP

9

Calculate cardiac output=

stroke volume X heart rate

10

stop suctioning if O2 drops below... or if it drops ... from baseline

below 90% or 5% from baseline

11

Atelectasis develops when... and how do you prevent it?

Develops when alveoli do not expand and can be prevented by deep breathing

12

Whooshing sound at 5th intercostal space=

regurgitation of the mitral valve

13

life threatening heart rhythm

ventricular tachycardia

14

what type of cough is used to clear central airways?

Huff

15

Sleep apnea improved with...

CPAP and BiPAP

16

Sequence of electrical impulse pathway through the heart

SA node - Intraatrial pathways - AV node - Bundle of His - Purkinje fibers

17

what syringe do you use for U-500 insulin?

Tuberculin syringe

18

When are trough levels drawn in relation to medication administration?

30 min prior to medication administration

19

Vancomycin can affect-

hearing

20

Needle used for deltoid muscle injection

25 gauge X 1 inch

21

Needle used for intradermal injection

27 gauge X 5/8 inch

22

What can increase the chance for medication toxicity?

reduced glomerular filtration rate

23

Acidic meds absorb in the

stomach

24

Basic meds absorb...

after reaching the small intestine

25

What insulin can be administered via IV?

ONLY Regular insulin

26

preferred and safest site for IM injections

Ventrogluteal

27

When are the three accuracy checks for meds?

getting meds from drawer, before going into the pt's room, and at the pt's bedside

28

Rights of medication administration

6 Rights: patient, medication, dose, route, time, documentation

29

Excretion- meds exit the body primarily through the

kidneys

30

Excretion- meds exit the body also through...

liver, bowel, lungs, exocrine glands