Flashcards in NT: Exam 1 Deck (63):
Who is David?
Life Divided into 4: shepard, courtier, fugitive, and king
kingdom restricted by Abner & Ishbosheth but after their deaths, started conquering cities, starting with Jerusalem and extending his dominions to Euphrates (at the peak, dominated Israel & surrounding areas)
Reign was most brilliant of Israelite history: united tribes into 1 nation, secured undisputed possession of the country, and whole government rested upon the will of God (Law of Israel)
becomes the first symbol of what the Messiah should be
Who is Ezra?
A famous priest & scribe who brought back part of the exiles from captivity. The object of his mission was “to teach in Israel statutes and judgments.” Obtained an edict from Artaxerxes allowing him to take to Jerusalem any Jewish exiles who cared to go, along with offerings for the temple with which he was entrusted, and giving to the Jews various rights and privileges. With Nehemiah he instructed the people in the Mosaic law. “The law” had been exclusive to the priests.
This begins a period in time known as “second-temple Judaism.” Led by Ezra, the Jews vow never to give God a reason to conquer them again. They build a “hedge about the Law” and insist upon a strict rejection of all things not Jewish.
Born in Babylon (the name is Assyrian). Zerubbabel was also known by the Persian name Sheshbazzar. When Cyrus gave permission to the Jews to return to Palestine, Zerubbabel was appointed governor, as the representative of the Jewish royal house. He set up an altar in Jerusalem and rebuilt the temple (Temple of Zerubbabel) being helped by Haggai and Zechariah. In the New Testament he is called “Zorobabel.
King of Syria (175–164 B.C.), at a time when Palestine was a Syrian province. He resolved to try to crush all that was distinctive of Jewish nationality and worship.
Caught between the tension of Jewish resistance to outside influence and Hellenism’s demand for uniformity, Judaism begins to fracture under the Syrian ruler Antiochus IV.
The aristocracy begins to give in to Hellenism, but a few staunch Jews continue to fight.