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Flashcards in Nucleic Acid Structure Deck (15):
1

What is Transcription?

Transferring information from DNA to RNA

2

What is translation?

Transferring information from mRNA into amino acids to form proteins

3

Where in the cell and when during the cell cycle does Transcription occur ?

1. Nucleus
2. Interphase

4

Where in the cell and when during the cell life cycle does Replication occur?

1. Nucleus
2. S-phase

5

Chemotherapeutic agents of the S-phase?

1. 5-fluorouracil
2. Methotrexate
3. Hydroxyurea

6

Chemotherapeutic agents of the G2 phase?

1. Bleomycin

7

Chemotherapeutic agents of the M-phase?

1. Vincristine
2. Vinblastine
3. Paclitaxel

8

How many rings do purines and pyrimidines have ?

1. Purines: 2 rings
2. Pyrimidines: 1 ring

9

Name the purine bases for DNA/RNA?

PUGA
1. Guanine
2. Adenine

10

Name the pyrimidine bases for DNA/RNA?

CUT PY 🥧

1. Cytosine
2. Uracil
3. Thymine

11

Difference between Nucleosides and Nucleotides ?

1. Nucleosides: Base + Pentose
2. Nucleotides: Base + Pentose + Phosphate

12

Name some Nucleosides ?

1. Adenosine
2. Guanosine
3. Cytidine
4. Uridine
5. Deoxythymidine

13

Name some nucleotides?

1. AMP/ADP/ATP
2. GMP/GDP/GTP
3. CMP/CDP/CTP
4. UMP/UDP/UTP
5. dTMP/dTDP/dTTP

14

How is DNA sequence read?

5’——> 3’

15

How many hydrogen bonds are between AT and CG, respectively ?

1. AT= 2
2. CG= 3