Flashcards in Number 1 Deck (97)
characterized by an irresolvable internal contradiction or logical disjunction.
"the aporetic conflict of law and morality"
State of being precarious, uncertain
2. grammatisch analysieren
Aristotle: two kinds of self-love
There is the kind of self-love which excludes the welfare of others and there is the kind the is inclusive of it. The former is the type of selfishness which should be condemned and the latter one should be approved. In fact it is the latter type which coincides with what is usually meant by altruism. When one identifies his own interests with the welfare of others he is realizing a larger and more inclusive self and it is this type of selfhood which constitutes his real self or what is commonly known as one's ideal self.
Logos is a way of arguing calmly and carefully, using reason alone and not relying on the emotions. Logos (LOH-gohs) is a Greek word meaning “reason” or “rationality.” It comes from the philosopher Aristotle, who emphasized the difference between logos and pathos, or emotion. We might say that logos comes from the mind, while pathos comes from the heart.
stop the flow of blood from (a wound).
characterized by or suggesting the practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons.
"an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labor"
brotherly love, refers to the paternal love of God for man and of man for God but is extended to include a brotherly love for all humanity
political activity or practices that seek support by appealing to the desires and prejudices of ordinary people rather than by using rational argument.
a political approach that strives to appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups.
"the question is whether he will tone down his fiery populism now that he has joined the political establishment"
struggle mentally; show or feel great confusion.
"she floundered, not knowing quite what to say"
Postmodernism in a nutshell
A suspicion towards Enlightenment ideals of rationalism and social progress.
A pluralistic blending of diverse beliefs, styles, and cultures.
A flattening of institutional hierarchies towards more collaborative forms of organization.
The de-centering of traditional sources of authority.
If seen as a cultural-historical trend, postmodernism is simply something that is happening, whether one likes it or not. On the other hand, postmodernism is also a kind of philosophical approach that deconstructs truth claims made by individuals, institutions, or social groups in order to examine the power dynamics underlying those truth claims. In other words, who benefits from this particular construction of the “truth” and who is disempowered, excluded, or marginalized?
An agreement between people and government in which citizens consent to be governed so long as the government protects their natural rights.
philia entails a fondness and appreciation of the other. For the Greeks, the term philia incorporated not just friendship, but also loyalties to family and polis-one’s political community, job, or discipline
2. eine Rolle spielen