Nursing Process in Drug therapy. Flashcards Preview

Pharmocolgy > Nursing Process in Drug therapy. > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nursing Process in Drug therapy. Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

What step of nsg process gathers important data for the basis of plan of care which includes subjective and objective data:

assessment

2

What type of data would you gather current Hx, quoted current symptoms, current meds, drug allergies, OTC, ETOH/smoking/street drugs, compliance with drug therapy:

subjective data

3

What type of questions are these: What things help you take you meds as prescribed; what things prevent you from taking your meds; what woud you do if you forget to take a dose of meds:

compliance questions

4

What type of data is gathered with lab tests, dx studies, mental status, physical health assessment:

objective data

5

A nsg dx is made based on what:

Nsg dx is made based on the analysis of assessment data.

6

What are the most common nsg dx related to drug therapy:

Pain (acute or chronic), risk for injury related to side effects, and ineffective health maintenance

7

What phase of the nsg process is characterized by goal setting or expected outcomes:

PLanning

8

What is the acronym for qualities of effective goal settings:

ROME: r=realistic, o=obseravable, m=measurable, obtainable

9

Client teaching is...

ongoing process

10

When having your pts do self administration of meds, what should we do in the teaching:

Route, frequency, demo and return demo, provide written instruction/material

11

For diets, what should you instruct your pts to do when taking diuretics, Coumadin (anticoagulant):

Diuretics: encourage foods high in K+, or MD may rx K supplements; Coumadin (anticoagulant) have pts avoid lrg amounts of green leafy vegetables as they decrease the effects of Coumadin due to the vitamin K

12

What do you have the pt do in the case of side effects:

Report unusual S/S; have them minimize effects by sitting up slowly

13

The key to the teaching plan is to:

promote pt's independence

14

What do you have the pt when disposing of drugs:

Don't flush in the toilet, add kitty liter or coffee grounds in bags with the old meds

15

An altered or modified action or effect of a drug as a result of interaction with food or drugs is defined as:

drug interactions

16

What are some high risk pts that may be effected by drug interactions:

pts w/chronic health conditions, multiple meds, multiple MDs, older adults due to 75% taking rx or 82% taking OTC

17

A same drug category or one that has a similar action that equals the sum of both drugs is defined as:

additive

18

One drug that enhances the effect of other drugs is defined as:

Synergistic or potentiation

19

When two drugs are in an opposing category can cancel the effects of both drugs:

antagonistic

20

What phase of the nsg process is concerned about the effectiveness of health care teaching about the drug therapy and attainment of goals are addressed:

evaluation

21

What are some drugs that are attainable w/o a Rx:

analgesics, vitamin supplements, antihistamines

22

A plant or plant part valued for its medical medicinal, savory, or aromatic qualities is defined as:

herbal & botanical drugs

23

Ephedra was ban why:

linked to heart complications

24

What herbs may interfere w/anticoagulants:

bilberry, chamomile, garlic, ginger, gingko

25

How does Senna effect Digoxin:

cause an additive effect

26

What is used when calculating safe and efective dosages for babies or children:

Use body weight/BSA for calculations

27

What factors may affect absorption of drugs:

age, health and hydration status, and GI disorders (infants have lower absorption due to being less developed)

28

Infants until 2 yo have a decreased what that causes slower metabolism:

hepatic enzymes

29

In excretion, infants before 9 months experience a reduction in the elimination capacity of what:

kidneys

30

How is drug absorption affected in the elderly:

decreased GI tract motility and increased gastric secretions