Nursing Role in Reproductive and Sexual Health: The Menstrual Cycle Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nursing Role in Reproductive and Sexual Health: The Menstrual Cycle Deck (31)
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1

What is the average age at onset in menstrual cycle?

12.4 years

2

a painful menstruation

Dysmenorrhea

3

Abnormally heavy menstrual flows

Menorrhagia

4

Bledding between menstrual periods

Metrorrhagia

5

Absence of menstrual flow

Amenorrhea

6

Is the cessation of menstrual

Menopause

7

is a term used to denote the period during which menopausal changes occur.

Perimenopausal

8

Describe the time of life following the final menses.

Postmenopausal

9

Interval between cycles

Average: 28 days
Cycles 23- 35 days not unusual

10

Duration of Menstrual flow

Average flow 4-6 days

Ranges of 2-9 days not abnormal

11

Amount of Menstrual flow

Average 30-80 ml

12

What is the color of menstrual flow?

Dark red: a combination of blood mucus, and endometrial cells.

13

Odor of menstrual

Similar to marigolds

14

T/F Menstrual cycle or male reproductive cycle is defines as episodic uterine bleeding in response to the cyclic hormonal changes

False

15

T/F The purpose of menstrual cycle is to bring an ovum to maturity & renew uterine tissue bed that is responsible for the growth of the fertilized ovum.

True

16

It is the endocrine gland responsible for secreting gonadotropin releasing hormone in response to low levels of estrogen and progesterone.

Hypothalamus

17

What happens when the level of estrogen and progesterone rises?

The release of GnRH is repressed or stopped.

18

Called as the anterior lobe of pituitary gland

adenohyposis

19

What are the 2 hormones produced by the anterior lobe of pituitary gland?

1. Follicle Stimulating Hormones (FSH)
2. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

20

Is a hormone that becomes most active early in the cycle that is responsible for maturation of ovum.

FSH

21

Is a hormone that becomes most active at the midpoint of the cycle and is responsible for ovulation, or release of mature egg cell from the ovary.

LSH

22

Why FSH and LSH called as gonadotropic hormones?

They are called as gonadotropic hormones because they cause growth (trophy) in the gonads (ovaries)

23

Once a month, from puberty until menopause, a graafian follicle ruptures and expels a mature ovum. This process is called:

Ovulation

24

During the menstrual cycle, ovulation generally occurs at which of the following time?

14 days before the beginning of the next menstrual cycle.

25

The basal body temperature drops slightly before ovulation and rises by 1F ater ovulation. This change in the temperature is due to the influence of what hormone?

Progesterone

26

Why the uterus changes monthly?

They changes monthly due to the stimulation of estrogen and progesterone produced by the ovaries.

27

A first phase of menstrual cycle and happens from day 5 to 14

Proliferative Phase

28

A third phase of Menstrual Cycle and happens approximately on day 24 or 25 of the cycle.

Ischemic Phase

29

It is the phase in the uterine cycle wherein the uterus will thicken, glands become corkscrew and capillaries form:

Secretory Phase

30

Is the first day of Menstrual flow to 5 days

Menses or Menstrual Phase