Nutr Therapeutics Quizzes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutr Therapeutics Quizzes Deck (73)
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1

Which vitamin is involved in the metabolism of homocysteine and its low serum levels have been associated with hypertension?

• Folate
• Vitamin B12
• Vitamin B2
• Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6

2

Which nutritional recommendation is not advised for patients with congestive heart failure?

• Avoid Salt
• Increase vitamin B1 intake
• Drink plenty of fluids
• Avoid processed sugars

Drink plenty of fluids

3

Which of the following nutrient deficiencies is caused by statin medications?
• CoQ10
• Magnesium
• Vitamin A
• Calcium

• CoQ10

4

Which of the following is not true regarding fatty acids and cardiac arrhythmias?
• 1 gram/d of fish lowers mortality following a myocardial infarction
• Omega-3 fatty acids increase lipid packing in cell membranes affecting ion channels
• Trans fatty acids are proarrhythmic
• Omega-3 fatty acids are antiarrhythmic

i think: Omega-3 fatty acids increase lipid packing in cell membranes affecting ion channels

5

A client has a microcytic anemia on her CBC. She presents to your office with pale skin, a normal blood pressure, and elevated pulse. What additional test would you follow up with?

• Intrinsic factor antibody
• Folate
• Vitamin B12
• Ferritin

• Ferritin

6

A client presents to your office seeking nutritional support for his elevated cholesterol. He is currently taking 200 mg of CoQ10 but still complains of muscle pain. What other nutrient would assess for a possible deficiency?

• Vitamin B12
• Vitamin D
• Folate
• Vitamin B6

• Vitamin D

7

Which of the following about lipoproteins is not significantly affected by diet and exercise?

• HDL
• Apolipoprotein B
• LDL particle size
• Lipoprotein (a)

Lipoprotein (a)

8

Which of the following is not true in reference to vitamin D and hypertension
• Vitamin D increases nitric oxide
• Vitamin D increases vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy
• Vitamin D suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokines
• The lower the vitamin D level, the greater the risk of hypertension

• Vitamin D increases vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy

9

Which nutrient facilitates the transport of fatty acids across the mitochondrial membrane and plays an essential role in congestive heart failure?

• D-ribose
• CoQ10
• Magnesium
• Carnitine

• Carnitine

10

A 36 year old female labs reveal a low Hgb 11.8, a low transferrin saturation 18%, and an elevated Ferritin at 124. She has a regular menstrual cycle. What is cause of anemia?

• Heavy menstrual bleeding
• Inflammation
• Iron deficiency and Inflammation
• Iron deficiency

• Iron deficiency

11

What nutrient will increase the absorption of iron?
• Magnesium
• Vitamin D
• Calcium
• Vitamin C

• Vitamin C

12

The body regulates iron through the ________________.

• Gastrointestinal tract
• Spleen
• Kidney
• Liver

• Gastrointestinal tract (i think)

13

Which heavy metal is not associated with hypertension?
• Aluminum
• Lead
• Mercury
• Cadmium

Aluminum

14

Which is not part of the REMOVE phase for a GI 4-R program?
• Garlic
• Remove food sensitivities
• Oil of Oregano
• Glutamine

Glutamine

15

What hormone has been found to be low in individuals with GERD and helps eliminate H. pylori?
• DHEA
• Melatonin
• Pregnenolone
• Cortisol

Melatonin

16

Although most food allergies are outgrown in late childhood, the occurrence of atopic dermatitis predisposes individuals to:

• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Celiac disease
• Dybiosis
• Asthma and allergic rhinitis

Asthma and allergic rhinitis

17

A client presents to your office with stool test results and her Elastase marker is low. What would nutritional support would you recommend?

• S. boulardii
• Glutamine
• Betaine HCL
• Digestive Enzymes

Digestive Enzymes

18

What bacteria has been associated with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis?

• difficile
• E. coli
• Pseudomonas spp.
• Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia enterocolitica

19

What is the dose of selenium shown in most of the human research studies?

200 mcg
400 mcg
100 mcg
800 mcg

200 mcg

20

Which nutrient is found in raw cabbage and has been shown to help heal peptic ulcers?

Mastic gum
DGL
Methylmethionesulfonium
Zinc Carnosine

Methylmethionesulfonium

21

What nutrient recommendations would you make for someone on a proton pump inhibitor (PPI)?

Betaine HCL
Goldenseal
Vitamin B12 and Magnesium
Ginger

Vitamin B12 and Magnesium

22

What nutrient would be most likely to cause constipation?

Magnesium
Vitamin C
Calcium
Niacin

Calcium

23

Which of the following is not recommended for an individual with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Low FODMAP diet
Eliminate artificial sweeteners
Eliminate or restrict carbonated beverages
High-fat diet

High-fat diet

24

Which probiotics strains should be avoided in a patient with an elevated urinary D-lactate organic acid?
Bifidobacter
Bacillus
S. boulardii
Lactobacillus

Lactobacillus

25

What nutrient would be contraindicated for an individual with a peptic ulcer?

Betaine HCL
Zinc Carnosine
Aloe vera
DGL

Betaine HCL

26

What protein regulates the permeability of the intestine?

Zonulin
Lipopolysaccharides
Calprotectin
Occludin

Zonulin

27

Which of the following will not increase the beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract?

Fiber
Prebiotics
Glutamine
Butyrate

Glutamine

28

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is associated with what elevated lab marker?

Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody
Thyroid Stimulating Immunoglobulin
Thyroxine Binding Globulin
Triiodothyronine

Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody

29

Too much of what nutrient can trigger thyroid autoimmunity?

Selenium
Tyrosine
Zinc
Iodine

Iodine

30

What is the most common allergenic food causing atopic dermatitis in infants?

Tree nuts
Peanut
Cow’s milk
Shellfish

Cow’s milk