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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (23)
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1

7 energy requirement factors to consider

Age
Sex
Breed
Activity
Reproductive status
Environment
Health status

2

1cal in kJ

4.2

3

1kcal in cal

1000cal

4

RER for animals <2kg

70 x BW (kg)

5

RER for animals >2kg

30 x BW (kg) +70

6

MER in cats

RER x1.4

7

MER in dogs

RER x2

8

MER neutered dogs

RER x1.6

9

Obese animal energy requirements

0.6x MER

10

Geriatric animals energy requirement

0.6x MER

11

Animals energy requirement increases
One full days work

1.5x MER

12

Animal’s energy expenditure increases with:
Gestation post 3 weeks

1.3x MER

13

Animal’s energy expenditure increases with:
Peak lactation

2.4x MER

14

Animal’s energy expenditure increases with:
Growth (birth to 3 months)

2x MER

15

Animal’s energy expenditure increases with:
Sub freezing temperature

1.7x MER

16

Animal’s energy expenditure increases with:
Tropical heat

2.5x MER

17

6 factors that influence the formula for MER calculation to increase

Full days work
Gestation post 3 weeks
Peak lactation
Growth
Sub freezing temperatures
Tropical heat

18

2 factors that influence the MER to decrease

Obesity
Geriatric patients

19

What is ideal feed for an overweight horse

Straw (such as oat and barley)

20

The most natural foodstuff for horses is?

Grass

21

Pros and cons to feeding grass to horses

Prone to weight-gain as grass is very rich in the summer.
Most natural feed for horses.
Poor quality in winter

22

What must be fed to horses with greater nutritional needs such as growing, breeding or working horses?

Legumes / Alfalfa

23

feed that is high in sugars and are useful for horses that require the extra energy and is a common winter feed?

Root veg - Such as swedes, turnips, carrots and sugar beets