Flashcards in Nutrition and Feeding Deck (11)
What are 5 benefits to the infant from breastfeeding?
- except needs Vit D supplementation
3. Reduction in allergy risk (allergic rhinitis)
4. Cognitive outcomes
- about 3 IQ points
5. Decreased chronic disease risk (about 25% less risk of being overweight/having T2D)
What are 4 benefits to the mother from breastfeeding?
1. Birth spacing - about 50% reduction in births in LMIC
2. Breast cancer (about 4% risk for every 12 mo of breastfeeding)
3. Ovarian cancer (about 30% risk with longer BF)
4. T2D (about 30% reduction in risk)
What are some contraindications to breastfeeding?
- HIV (in developed countries)
- maternal substance abuse
- active TB, HSV lesions on breast, smoking, alcohol
- some medications
What are the 5 infantile oral motor reflexes? When do they disappear?
1. Rooting, 3-4 months
2. Suck/swallow, 6 months
3. Biting, 6 months
4. Gag, sensitivity shifts back by adulthood
5. Extrusion, 3-4 months
why is the extrusion reflex important?
because the peristalsis movement of the tongue on the breast is what helps bring the milk out
What is the homeostatic feeding phase?
The first 2 months of life where the infant relies on the caregiver to physically support child, recognize cues, and respond to feedings.
Parents learns when to anticipate when the child is hungry
What is the attachment phase?
around the 3-6 month mark. Babies start to associate feeding with a social activity. Important that babies can participate in some way and start to associate feeding with the social aspect
What changes occur to feeding habits around 6-9 months?
Physical: munching, spoon feeding (loss of extrusion reflex), self feeding, cup drinking
Autonomy: improving communication and control
Exploration: new tastes, textures
What skills should a 12 month old have in terms of feeding?
Spoon feeding, self feeding, and cup drinking
When are hard and crunchy foods like apples and crackers appropriate?
about 18-24 months