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Med 2 - Week 40 > Nutrition and Feeding > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition and Feeding Deck (11)
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1

What are 5 benefits to the infant from breastfeeding?

1. Nutritional
- except needs Vit D supplementation
2. Anti-infective
3. Reduction in allergy risk (allergic rhinitis)
4. Cognitive outcomes
- about 3 IQ points
5. Decreased chronic disease risk (about 25% less risk of being overweight/having T2D)

2

What are 4 benefits to the mother from breastfeeding?

1. Birth spacing - about 50% reduction in births in LMIC
2. Breast cancer (about 4% risk for every 12 mo of breastfeeding)
3. Ovarian cancer (about 30% risk with longer BF)
4. T2D (about 30% reduction in risk)

3

What are some contraindications to breastfeeding?

- galactosemia
- HIV (in developed countries)
- maternal substance abuse
- active TB, HSV lesions on breast, smoking, alcohol
- some medications

4

What are the 5 infantile oral motor reflexes? When do they disappear?

1. Rooting, 3-4 months
2. Suck/swallow, 6 months
3. Biting, 6 months
4. Gag, sensitivity shifts back by adulthood
5. Extrusion, 3-4 months

5

why is the extrusion reflex important?

because the peristalsis movement of the tongue on the breast is what helps bring the milk out

6

What is the homeostatic feeding phase?

The first 2 months of life where the infant relies on the caregiver to physically support child, recognize cues, and respond to feedings.

Parents learns when to anticipate when the child is hungry

7

What is the attachment phase?

around the 3-6 month mark. Babies start to associate feeding with a social activity. Important that babies can participate in some way and start to associate feeding with the social aspect

8

What changes occur to feeding habits around 6-9 months?

Physical: munching, spoon feeding (loss of extrusion reflex), self feeding, cup drinking

Autonomy: improving communication and control

Exploration: new tastes, textures

9

What skills should a 12 month old have in terms of feeding?

Spoon feeding, self feeding, and cup drinking

10

When are hard and crunchy foods like apples and crackers appropriate?

about 18-24 months

11

What is the separation phase of feeding?

occurs around 6-12 months where the child is allowed to explore safely but autonomously. Child learns boundaries and structures around eating.