Nutrition Ch 23 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition Ch 23 Deck (76)
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1

Metabolism

Chemical and physical processes in which body cells breakdown and utilize food, water and other chemicals.

2

Catabolism

Breaking down phase of metabolism : breaks down substances for energy

3

Anabolism

The body uses components to build or reconstruct new components or tissue.

4

Nutrients

Come through natural food and artificial substances

5

Macronutrients

Protein, Carbs, Fats, Water

6

Micronutrients

Vitamins, and Minerals

7

What foods have folic acid in them?

Oranges, Orange Juice and Dark green leafy greens

8

How much Folic Acid should a pregnant women take ?

200mcg

9

What are the recommended requirements for pregnant women?

Folic acid 200mcg, double iron, prenatal vitamins, increase calories to 300 more daily

10

How many extra calories should a lactating mother eat?

500

11

My Plate

1/2 plate of fruits and veggies and 1/2 plate of grains and proteins with a small amount of dairy

12

Define Protein

Primary building blocks of body to make new cells.

13

Functions of Protein

New tissue production, necessary components for heat and energy production

14

3 types of Protein

Nonessential, conditional and essential

15

Define Digestion

Process of breaking down food

16

Nonessential amino acids

Produced by liver and are nonessential to our diet

17

Essential amino acids

Most important ; body is unable to produce

18

Conditional amino acids

Ill or stressed

19

Complete Proteins

Contains all 9 essential amino acids and some nonessential : (eggs, cheese, whitefish, and beef.) SOY

20

Incomplete Proteins

Does not contain all 9 essential amino acids; comes from plant source.(corn, beans, brown rice and nuts.)

21

Severe protein deficiency results in

Kwashiorkor

22

2 incomplete proteins make ?

A complete protein-example:(Peanut butter on wheat bread)

23

Excess protein can play a role in what?

Worsening of kidney disease

24

What is nitrogen balance?

Nitrogen and Protein balanced

25

Excess nitrogen is excreted is?

Negative Nitrogen; (causes muscle loss, weight loss, wounds that don’t heal and growth retardation)

26

What tests are ordered for nitrogen balance?

Blood urea nitrogen and 24H urine test

27

What produces cholesterol?

Liver

28

LDL

Transports from liver to cells -BAD-

29

HDL

Transports back to liver from cells -GOOD_

30

What test is ordered for cholesterol?

Lipid Panel