Flashcards in Nutrition Ch 23 Deck (76)
Chemical and physical processes in which body cells breakdown and utilize food, water and other chemicals.
Breaking down phase of metabolism : breaks down substances for energy
The body uses components to build or reconstruct new components or tissue.
Come through natural food and artificial substances
Protein, Carbs, Fats, Water
Vitamins, and Minerals
What foods have folic acid in them?
Oranges, Orange Juice and Dark green leafy greens
How much Folic Acid should a pregnant women take ?
What are the recommended requirements for pregnant women?
Folic acid 200mcg, double iron, prenatal vitamins, increase calories to 300 more daily
How many extra calories should a lactating mother eat?
1/2 plate of fruits and veggies and 1/2 plate of grains and proteins with a small amount of dairy
Primary building blocks of body to make new cells.
Functions of Protein
New tissue production, necessary components for heat and energy production
3 types of Protein
Nonessential, conditional and essential
Process of breaking down food
Nonessential amino acids
Produced by liver and are nonessential to our diet
Essential amino acids
Most important ; body is unable to produce
Conditional amino acids
Ill or stressed
Contains all 9 essential amino acids and some nonessential : (eggs, cheese, whitefish, and beef.) SOY
Does not contain all 9 essential amino acids; comes from plant source.(corn, beans, brown rice and nuts.)
Severe protein deficiency results in
2 incomplete proteins make ?
A complete protein-example:(Peanut butter on wheat bread)
Excess protein can play a role in what?
Worsening of kidney disease
What is nitrogen balance?
Nitrogen and Protein balanced
Excess nitrogen is excreted is?
Negative Nitrogen; (causes muscle loss, weight loss, wounds that don’t heal and growth retardation)
What tests are ordered for nitrogen balance?
Blood urea nitrogen and 24H urine test
What produces cholesterol?
Transports from liver to cells -BAD-
Transports back to liver from cells -GOOD_