Nutritional care and support CH 24 Flashcards Preview

Nursing 165 > Nutritional care and support CH 24 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutritional care and support CH 24 Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the role as a nurse when it comes to nutrition?

Be supportive and make sure pt gets adequate nutrition

2

Define Anorexia

Lack of appetite

3

What is the recommended intake for adults daily?

1440-1920 ml

4

Should your intake and output closely balance?

Yes

5

What is a food allergy?

Reaction by one’s immune system to an allergen : can cause Anaphylaxis

6

What is Anaphylaxis?

Life threatening allergy

7

What is food intolerance?

An adverse reaction to a food w/o activation of immune response

8

What does NPO stand for?

Nothing by mouth

9

How many calories are recommended for regular diet?

2000 calories per day

10

What is a clear liquid diet and what does this diet provide?

See through liquids only, provides hydration and calories in form of simple carbohydrates

11

What is a full liquid diet and what does it provide?

It is opaque; provides limited nutrients (Ex: milk, pudding and ice cream)

12

What is a mechanical soft diet and why are pts usually on this and what does it lack?

Soft foods such as eegs and cottage cheese; unable to chew , teeth missing or exhausted pts; lacks fiber

13

What is a puréed diet?

Thicker than full liquid usually prepared in blender

14

What is a diabetic diet used for?

Manage calorie and carb intake for diabetics

15

What pt goes on calorie restricted diet?

Pt who must lose weight

16

What is a sodium restricted diet used for?

Pts with HTN, CHF, kidney/renal failure

17

People who experience problems with fat malabsorption are on what diet?

Fat restricted

18

Renal disease pts are given this diet.

Renal

19

What pts are given a protein restricted diet?

Pts with liver/kidney disease

20

What does a High Calorie/High Protein help?

Wound healing, growth promotion and maintaining weight

21

Five to six small meals a day is for what type of pt?

Pts who can not tolerate large meals

22

Hyperglycemia

Abnormal elevated blood glucose

23

Hypoglycemia

Abnormal low blood glucose

24

What are symptoms of Hypoglycemia?

Clammy skin, shakiness, nausea, increased irritability, confusion, dizziness, headache , weakness, possible seizures

25

What are symptoms of Hyperglycemia?

Increased thirst / dry mouth, hot, dry flushed skin, frequent urination, fruity smelling breath, confusion, coma, and death

26

What is a HgA1C?

3 month test for glucose ; less than 6 not diabetic

27

What is Anorexia Nervosa?

Excessive leanness, or wasting of body also known as emaciation

28

What is Bulimia Nervosa?

Binge eating and purging

29

What is a Binge eater?

Someone who eats large amounts of food

30

What is a common NI tube used ?

Dobhoff