O8 Laryngectomey, Laryngectomees EXAM 2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Speech Pathology - Blanton > O8 Laryngectomey, Laryngectomees EXAM 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in O8 Laryngectomey, Laryngectomees EXAM 2 Deck (22):
1

What is the difference between "laryngectomy" and "laryngectomee"?

Laryngectomy: a surgical procedure

Laryngectomee: a person who has undergone a laryngectomy.

2

What is the nickname laryngectomy patients often use for themselves?

"Lary" or "Larys"

3

Who performed a laryngectomy on a beagle in the 1820s?

Albers

4

Name the 6 laryngectomy surgeons that Blanton talked about in class.

1. Albers
2. Patrick Watson
3. Theodore Billroth
4. Bottini
5. Von Langenbeck
6. Lange

5

What was the biggest cause of death after surgeries in the 1800s?

Infection

6

When did laryngectomy enter the surgical literature?

In 1866 after Patrick Watson wrote about a laryngectomy he performed on a man who had laryngeal deterioration from Syphilis (surgery was unsuccessful)

7

When did Theordore Billroth remove the larynx of a man who had subglottal cancer (who died a year later)?

1873

8

What did Bottini of Italy do in 1875?

Performed surgery on a 24 year old man who had cancer. The patient lived another 5 years!

9

What did Von Langenbeck develop in 1875 for laryngectomy surgeries?

The T-shaped incision, still used today (prior to this, incisions were straight-line)

He had to tie off 41 blood vessels in a patient, and the man lived 4 months post-surgery and then died of cancer.

10

Who performed the first laryngectomy in North America, and when was it performed?

Lange, in 1879

11

Was laryngectomy well-thought of in 1887?

No. 103 had been written about in the literature, and only 9 patients had survived longer than a year. Between 1800 and 1900, half of the patients died on the operating table.

12

True or false-- by 1925, laryngectomy had become an accepted procedure.

TRUE

13

How many successful laryngeal transplants have there been in the world today?

Only 2! One of them was at UC Davis.

14

Define "incidence"

How many NEW cases in a given period of time (usually a year)

15

Define "prevalence"

How many people are LIVING WITH the disease within a given period of time

16

What kind of cancer is most commonly fatal?

Lung cancer

17

What is the rough percentage of men and women who will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetimes?

46% of men and 38% of women

18

Laryngeal cancer is less than ____% of all diagnosed cancers in the U.S.

2%

19

What is the incidence of laryngeal cancer in the U.S.?

12,000 cases a year

20

What is the prevalence of laryngeal cancer in the U.S.?

6,000/year (so, roughly HALF of those diagnosed with laryngeal cancer in a year die.)

21

How much more likely are men to receive a laryngectomy than women?

4 times more likley

22

What is the average age of diagnosis for laryngeal cancer?

63 years old.