Flashcards in OB Terminology Deck (34):
What is Naegele's rule?
LMP + 7 days - 3mo + yr
What does gravida mean?
number of pregnancies despite the result
Does gravida # change if mom had twins?
What is nullipara?
What is primp?
given at least 1 birth
What is mutlip?
given at least 2 birth
What is the GTPAL system?
What is term births?
deliveries AFTER 37 wks
What is preterm birth?
What is abortion?
What are live births?
number of live births
What is important about the first trimester?
embryonic phase - the most important phase because tissues develop into different organs
MOST SENSITIVE TO TERATOGENS
What are the different stages during the first trimester?
When are organs formed?
What does viability mean?
potential of the fetus to survive OUTSIDE the uterus after birth
Born at 23 wks?
What does normal, preterm, and postterm mean?
What is the purpose of fundal ht?
used to check if fetal growth is appropriate/gestation age
Fundal ht at 12wks?
Fundal ht at 20wks?
Fundal ht at 35wks?
What are cx for macrosomia?
polyhydromions - extra amniotic fluid
maternal condition ie) diabetes
What are cx for microsomia (SGA)?
incorrect assessment of age - LMP was incorrect
fetal growth restriction
Oligohydramions - too little amniotic fluid
intrauterine fetal demise - fetus is not growing b/c it is not alive
What is considered misscarriage/abortion?
less than 20 wks
What is considered advanced maternal age (AMA)?
What are they at risk for? Is it really accurate?
Chromosomal abnormalities ie) Down syndrome
NO b/c younger than 35yo have children w/ down sx
Hx/sx for diagnosing pregnancy?
What are some signs/PE for pregnancy?
Chadwick sign: congestion + bluish discoloration
Hegar sign: softening of the cervix
Piskaseck's sign: lateral bulging of the uterus
Quickening : maternal perception of fetal movement
Chloasma: darkening around the eyes
Stria Gravidarum: stretch marks
Braxton-Hicks contractions: false contractions
What are some labs to confirm pregnancy?
serum B hCG
When is urine hCG accurate?
~4wks of LMP
What is the serum B hCG?
used to confirm after the urine hCG
should see a DOUBLING w/in 2-4days
start to decline after day 70
What is the progesterone lab test?
if >10ng/ml - pregnant
When should you detect the fetal heart?