Flashcards in Objective 01: Comprehensive Safety Program Deck (68)
What are financial benefits of having a good Health and Safety Program?
1. Improves company reputation
2. Protects the company from legal action
3. Improves financial performance
What defines good Health and Safety performance?
Freedom from fatalities, injuries, and property damage
What are 2 elements required for the success of Health and Safety Programs
1. Good Process
2. Safe Behaviour
What elements does an effective Health and Safety Program require?
1. Commitment from top management
2. Clearly stated health and safety policy
3. Identification of hazards at the workplace
4. Development of processes and procedures to control the risks
5. Effective training of workers to ensure competency
6. Effective incident investigation process
7. Inspection and audit process
8. Emergency response plan
What affects the complexity of health and safety processes?
1. Size of the facility
2. Number of onsite employees
3. Level of risk
What are 6 elements of a successful Health and Safety Program?
1. Initial Status Review
2. Risk Reduction Process
3. Regulatory Requirements
4. Health and Safety Objectives and Plan
5. Roles and Responsibilities
6. Training, Awareness, and Competence
What is the purpose of a Health and Safety Policy?
To define the value an organization puts on health and safety and set the benchmark against which all decisions that impact health and safety are judged
What is management's responsibility regarding the Health and Safety Policy?
1. To establish it and participate in its development and approval
2. Provide the necessary financial and human resources needed for its implementation
3. Model the proper actions and behaviours to demonstrate their commitment
4. Carry out disciplinary action for non-compliance
What commitments does a good Health and Safety Policy include?
1. Establish and maintain a safe and healthful environment
2. Comply with regulatory requirements and other appropriate standards
3. Provide the necessary resources to develop, support, and maintain the program
4. Proactive communication of the policy to all employees
5. Process of continuous improvement
6. Consequences for non-compliance with safety procedures
What is the purpose of an Initial Status Review?
To determine the state of the plant's existing health and safety program to assist in developing a strategy to move forward to reach the mandate of the goals and objectives of the new program
What items are determined by an Initial Status Review?
1. What elements are already in place
2. What needs to be done
3. What help and information is available
4. What is relevant for the specific plant
What does an Initial Status Review compare?
The current health and safety program against all elements of the desired program
When is an Initial Status Review not needed?
If a comprehensive program and effective audit system is already in place which uses past audits to indicate where there are shortcomings and where improvement is required
What is one of the main tools used for successfully improving health and safety performance?
Risk Based Management System
What are the 3 major elements of the Risk Reduction Process?
1. Hazard Identification
2. Risk Assessment
3. Risk Controls
What is the purpose of Classifying Work Areas?
In order to manage the Risk Reduction Process
A source or situation with a potential for harm in terms of:
1. Human injury or ill health
2. Damage to property or the environment
3. Combination of these
Systematic process used to identify any condition within the workplace that has the potential to cause injury, property damage, or environmental impact and that encompasses both routine and non-routine activities, e.g. emergencies and shutdowns, while making no judgement regarding either the likelihood or severity of an incident occurring
What factors affect the processes chosen for Hazard Identification?
1. Complexity of the operation
2. Nature of the risks
The combination of one or more consequences and the likelihood of a specified hazardous event occurring
Systematic process used to assess the risks of all hazards identified during the hazard identification phase
What is the best practice for performing the Risk Assessment?
Use a process that has standard qualifiers that give objective ratings to each hazard to allow for proper response timing
How are Consequences organized?
1. Class A: Minor, non-disabling injury; non-disruptive damage
2. Class B: Serious, temporary disabling injury or illness; extensive but non-disruptive damage
3. Class C: Permanent disability, loss of life or body parts; disruptive damage
How is Likelihood organized?
3. Highly Unlikely
Table of Likelihood vs. Consequences that can be used to establish priorities for the development of an organized response strategy
How are Risk Controls enacted?
1. Attempt to eliminate or remove the risk
2. Developing appropriate procedures to reduce the consequences or likelihood
3. Utilizing PPE as a last resort
What must one be mindful of when enacting a new Risk Control?
That it does not in of itself create a new safety hazard.
What is a Risk Reduction Plan based on?
1. Priorities identified
2. Availability of resources required to implement the corresponding risk controls
Who has access to the Risk Reduction Plan?