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Flashcards in Occupational Health Deck (26)
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1

What are aims of occupational health

Protect worker
Identify hazards
Encourage employer to take action
Investigate and manage work related disease

2

Problems due to unemployment

Income
Self - respect
Increased risk of ill health
Psychosocial scar
Trans-generational
Part of community
Purpose

3

What does OH do

Independent and confidential
Not part of NHS
Advise, support and sign post
Fitness to work
Equality act
Workplace adjustment

4

What is equality act

Equal treatment regardless of race, gender, disability, sexual, age, relationship, religion
Employer has responsibility to make adjustment

5

What is disability

Physical or mental impairment
Substantial and long term -ve effect
Automatic if HIV / cancer / MS
NOT addiction

6

Ethics of seizure and driving

6 months seizure free can reapply
Epilepsy = 1st year or 3 years if only nocturnal
Need 10 years and off medication and neurologist says no risk for type 2 license

7

What should you ask in occupational Hx

Normal day
Hours - shift / early
Responsibility / stress
Demands - physical / mental
Type of environment
Travel
Organisation - support / isolation etc
Ergonomic - posture / equipment
Length of service
Any other jobs
Anyone else have problem
Does it get better away
Pension / union arrangment
Pay status

8

What is hazard

Intrinsic potential for harm

9

Types of hazard

Physical - radiation / manual handling / vibration / noise
Chemical - gas / liquids / mist
Biological - bacteria / virus / fungi
Psychological - pressure / bullying

10

What is risk

Likelihood of harm occurring

11

What is clinical approach to work disease

Standard medical investigations

12

What is workplace approach

Assessment of place of employment - hazard / risk / failure for control measures
Action needed

13

What is epidemiological approach

Study to decide if it was due to work

14

What is prevention

Appropriate control measures
Elimination of harm substance or substitute
PPE
Training etc

15

What is Health and Safety at Work Act

Legislation enforced by inspectors or local authority

16

If occupational disease what do you do

Doctors inform HSE through EMAS

17

Where can you get compensation

Industrial injuries benefit - state
Civil litigation - employer

18

What is role of OH in sickness absence

Protect patient
Prevent abuse
Provide independent advise to keep patients in productive work

19

What does fit note ask

Are they fit for work
Are they fit for work with adjustments
Are they not fit for work

20

What is rehab

Reintroduction of people to job after illness or injury
Facilitate return
Assessment of physical and mental capacities of individual of demands

21

What is required for ill-health requirement

Doctor to certify no longer able to work

22

What do patients get

May have own pension scene so benefit paid until normal retiring age

23

What are other benefits if due to industrial injury

Social security
Statutory sick pay
Incapacity benefit
Disability living allowance
Personal independence payment

24

What is pre-employment assessment / medical assessment

May be legal in some occupation

25

What is an accident at work

Unplanned event resulting in loss or damage to people, plant or property
Must be reported if cause +7 days off

26

Ethics of OH

Responsibility it to patient
Normal confidently apply
Need consent to tell employer
Doctor may have over-riding duty to protect public e.g. driver with blackouts