Flashcards in Ocular Trauma Deck (16):
What parts of the eye should be examined?
What drops help identify epithelial loss?
Fluorescein sodium 1%
How should you handle a suspected globe rupture?
What is Hyphaema?
Blood in the anterior chamber
What is sympathetic ophthalmia?
Penetrating injury of one eye causing inflammation of both
May lead to bilateral blindness
What categories can foreign bodies in they eye come under?
Can the ethmoid air cells help bolster the wall?
What should check with in an orbital blow out?
The infra-orbital neurovascular bundle
What leads to higher levels of suspicion with regards to penetrating foreign body?
Anterior Chamber shallow
Localised cataract gross inflammation
What should you always do with intra-ocular foreign bodies?
Describe an alkali burn in the eye
easy, rapid penetration
cicatrising changes to conjunctiva and cornea
Penetrates the intra-ocular structures
Describe an acid burn to the eye
Coagulates proteins woth little penetration
What should you check with a chemical injury to the eye?
check toxbase if possible
irrigate +++ min of 2l saline or until pH is normal
Assess at slit lamp
What is the solution to pollution?
What should you always record?