OD/Poisoning symptoms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OD/Poisoning symptoms Deck (25):
1

Acetaminophen

Nausea, hepatic insufficiency

2

Anticholinergics (atropine)

Hot as a hare
Dry as a bone
Red as a beet
Blind as a bat
Mad as a hatter
Bloated as a toad
Tachycardia

3

Benzodiazepines

Sedation, respiratory depression

4

BB

Bradycardia (esp if in kids), hypotension
Hypoglycemia, pulmonary edema

5

CCB

Bradycardia (esp if in kids), hypotension

6

Cocaine

Tachycardia, agitation, HTN
Dilated pupils

7

Cyanide

+HR, HTN, +RR, AMS -> obtundation -> coma -> death
Late stage: bradycardia, hypotension, decreased respiratory rate, cyanosis, hepatic necrosis, renal failure

8

Digoxin

N/V, visual changes (yellow filter), cardiac arrhythmias (bradycardia, MC on EKG are PVCs)
Prolonged PR, ST scooping on EKG can be normal
Hyperkalemia denotes severity

9

Heparin/Warfarin

Excessive bleeding (nosebleeds, gross hematuria, etc)
Easy bruising

10

Isoniazid

Neuropathy
Hepatotoxicity

11

Isopropyl alcohol

Decreased consciousness, nausea, abdominal pain

12

Methanol

HA, visual changes, dizziness

13

Opioids

Pinpoint pupils, CNS depression, respiratory depression

14

Aspirin

Tinnitus*
Hyperthermia, N/V
Hyperventilation (respiratory alkalosis)
Plus +AG metabolic acidosis

15

Sulfonylureas

Hypoglycemia (long half life)

16

TCAs

Anticholinergic (tachycardia, dry mouth, urinary retention)
Cardiac (QRS widening)
CNS (seizures)

17

Caustic chemicals

Severe oropharyngeal and gastric irritation or burns
Drooling, odynophagia, abdominal pain
Gastric perforation symptoms

18

Ethylene glycol

Ataxia, hallucinations, seizures, sweet breath

19

Organophosphates

DUMBBELSS
Diarrhea
Urination
Miosis
Bradycardia
Bronchospasm
Excitation of skeletal muscle/emesis
Lacrimation
Sweating
Salivation
Abdominal cramping

20

Iron

Nausea, constipation, hematemesis, lethargy, shock
Shock and metabolic acidosis and widespread organ failure (poor outcome)
Hepatotoxicity >12 hrs later
Vomiting/bowel obstruction 2-8 wks later

21

Lead

Peripheral neuropathy, anemia

22

Mercury

(Swordfish)
Renal insufficiency, tremor, mental status changes

23

Theophylline

(refractory COPD/Asthma)
Seizures, hyperthermia, hypotension, cardiac arrhythmias

24

Carbon monoxide

HA, dizziness, nausea, myalgias
Mental status changes, possible hypotension
Cherry red lips (very bad, rare sign)

25

Magnesium sulfate

(used to prevent seizures in preeclampsia)
First sign: decreased DTR
Second: respiratory depression/paralysis, pulm edema
Third: cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest