Odysses book IX, X, & XI Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Odysses book IX, X, & XI Deck (68):
0

5 types of essay

Creation
Humanity
Animal/Plant
Cosmos/Natural Disaster
Hero/Trickster

1

'How did I get here" are what types of myths?

creation myths

2

"Why do we have to die" are answered in _______ myths

humanity

3

"Who are we with" myths are answered in what type of myths?

Animal/plant

4

Cosmos/ natural disaster myths answer the question?

Why do 'bad' things happen

5

"Why do things change" are answered in ___________

hero/trickster myths

6

Who is a greek mythic hero?

Odysseus

7

Odyssey is organized into ___ books and about ______ verses

24
12,000

8

The poem "Odyssey" is about _______ trip to ______ after the ________. It says it lasted ____ years but historians believe it lasted ____

Odysseus'
Ithaca
Trojan War
10 LONG years
4 months

9

Author of Iliad and Odyssey

Homer

10

These to poems, Iliad and Odyssey, are among the least read works in literature

False

11

Vocabulary and language suggest the poems were written around

700s B.C

12

Traditional meter in which each line consists of 6 rhythmic measures.

Dactylic hexameter

13

A long, narrative poem about the adventures of a hero is called an ______

epic

14

In ancient times, pomes were ____ to audiences in live-performances

sang

15

Choosing certain well-worn phrases to express a thought is called a _______

formulaic disction

16

When Odysseus arrives at Troy, he arrives with ___ boats and ___ men

12 boats
600 men

17

Place where Odysseus' men act like pirate and are raided, which ended up with 72 of men dying.

Ismarus

18

Land of he Lodus eaters, what happened?

Odysseus sent 3 men
His men are given lotus (shaped liked a fruit, flower) and it mkaes them forget their name

19

List characteristics about the Land of the Cyclops

Cyclops: lawless brutes ; lazy (don't build houses/ don't farm)
Primitive, uncivilized - no laws,isolated, don't build ships and use goats

20

Odysseus' final destination is?

Ithaca

21

In what book do we meet the Phaeaceans?

Book IX

22

Ancient Greek concept of hospitality

Xenia

23

Xenia host :

must provide food, shelter, and a gift
Couldn't ask for the guest's name

24

Xenia guest:

not to take advantage of their host's hospitality
manners
gift to the host

25

When someone expresses excessive pride, they are said to be ______

hubristic

26

An adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality/characteristic of a person

Epithet

27

A call for help or inspiration by an authority or poet that usually occurs at or near the beginning of a literary work

invocation of the muse

28

A character who contrasts with another character in order to highlight particular qualities of the character

Foil

29

A recurring structure, contrast, or another device that develops or informs a work's major theme

motif

30

Sly or cunning intelligence

guile

31

an established from of words in a literary work that follows oro reinforces a pattern

formulaic diction

32

Technique in which the author lets the audience or reader in on a character's situation while the character remains unaware; the character's words or actions carry a significance that the character isn't aware of

dramatic irony

33

Having or showing skill in achieving one's ends by deceit or evasion

cunning

34

clever at achieving one's aims by indirect or deceitful methods

crafty

35

fatal flaw leading to the donwfall of a tragic hero or heroine

hamartia

36

"Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns
driven time and again off course, once he had plundered
the hallowed heights of Troy." This is an example of

invocation of the muse

37

“Beaching our vessels smoothly, striking sail,the crews swung out on the low shelving sand and there we fell asleep, awaiting Dawn’s first light." This is an example of

motif

38

Cyclopes' name

Polyphemus

39

Greek word for glory/fame

kleos

40

Beginning of Odysseus' journey

Troy (Illium)

41

Stop after Troy

Ismarus

42

Who lives in Ismarus?

Cicones

43

Event encountered between Ismarus and Land of the Lotus-Eaters which lasted 2 days and 2 nights.

Zeus' hurricane

44

Sail for 9 days after Zeus' hurricane, on 10th day they reach __________

Land of the Lotus-Eaters

45

4th stop (after Lotus-Eaters, before Aeolian island)

Land of the Cyclops

46

5th stop. After Cyclops. Place where Odysseus received special gift which enabled him and his men to see Ithaca

Aeolian Island

47

Second time at Aeolian island. He's ejected and sails towards __________

Land of the Laestrygonians

48

Stop after Laestrygonian. Circe lives here

Aeaean Island

49

Final destination we read about

House of Death

50

Stop before Ithaca

King Alcinous' Island

51

Final destination

Ithaca

52

What civilization lives in King Alcinous' Island

Phaeaceans

53

In Aeolian Island, what gift does Odysseus recieve?

Bag of winds in which only the West wind is free

54

After seeing Ithaca, why don't they reach it?

Odysseus falls into a hard sleep and his men open the bag which causes a hurricane. This hurricane sets them back to Aeolian island.

55

Why won't King Aeolus help Odysseus on his second visit

1. Odysseus is cursed
2. It's a crime to help a cursed man

56

All of Odysseus' ships , except his, are destroyed where?

Land of the Laestrygonians

57

Whose the second leader of Odysseus' army heading into Aeaean Island?

Eurylochus

58

Eurylochus' and his men search the island and come across Circe's place. They're all amused by her voice and go in except Eurylochus. Why?

He sensed it was a trap because their were wild animals outside the palace who were domesticated and didn't attack.

59

What happened to Eurylochus' crew?

They all got turned into swine.

60

What's the first thing Odysseus does when he finds out from Eurylochus?

He grabs his sword and his bow and arrow and asks Eurylochus to lead him

61

Who does Odysseus encounter on his way to Circe's place? And what does this person give him?

Hermes ; moly and advice

62

What was Herme's advice to Odysseus?

Take the moly (become immune)
Eat her food
As she pulls out her wand, pull out sword and charge
She'll beg to go to bed w/ her, make her bind an oath first

63

How long do Odysseus' and his men stay at Aeaean island w/ Circe?

1 year

64

His crew decides it's time to go. Circe gives him advice to go where to talk to who?

The House of Death to visit Tirisias

65

Circe's advice

Sail with the N wind
beach the ship by the ocean
walk where to rivers meet
dig a trench and pour libations around it
promise spirits to sacrifice heifers and load a pyre w/ treasure once he arrives to Ithaca; sacrifice a black ram for Tibirias
Sacrifices ram and black ewe
guard the blood until he sees Tirisias

66

Who does Odysseus see in the House of Death

Elpenor - promises a proper burial
His mother - how she died and how his father is very ill
King Agamemnon - warns Odysseus not to trust Penelope

67

Tirisias' prophecy:

1. exercise self-control on Thrinaria; if they harm Helios' cattle, they'll die
2. kill suitors
3. travel inland