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Flashcards in old--- Deck (34):
1

deals with the form and organization of body parts

anatomy

2

deals with the function of body parts

physiology

3

matter is composed of _____

atoms

4

atoms are composed of _______ _______

subatomic particles

5

____ consist of aggregates of interacting large molecules

organelles

6

the basic units of structure and function of the body

cells

7

cells are organized into layers or masses called _____

tissues

8

tissues are organized into ___

organs

9

organs form ___ _____

organ systems

10

organ systems constitute the _____

organism

11

the acquisition and use of energy by an organism

metabolism

12

used in many metabolic processes, provides the environment for metabolic reactions, and carries substances

water

13

used in releasing energy from nutrients

oxygen

14

___ is part of our environment and is a product of metabolic reactions

heat

15

an application of force

pressure

16

the tendency to maintain a stable internal environment

homeostasis

17

_____ _____ involve sensory receptors, a control center with a set point, and effectors

homeostatic mechanisms

18

homeostatic mechanisms employ _____ feedback

negative

19

the ____ portion of the body contains the cranial cavity and vertebral canal, as well as the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities, which are separated by the diaphragm

axial

20

the organs within thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities are called ______

viscera

21

_____ membranes line the thoracic cavity and cover the lungs

pleural

22

_____ membranes surround the heart and cover its surface

pericardial

23

____ membranes line the abdominopelvic cavity and cover the organs inside

peritoneal

24

the ____ system is composed of bones and the ligaments and cartilages that bind bones together

skeletel

25

the ____ system covers the body

integumentary

26

the ____ system includes the muscles of the body

muscular

27

the _____ system consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs

nervous

28

the ___ system consists of glands that secrete hormones

endocrine

29

the ____ system includes the heart, which pumps blood, and the blood vessels, which carry blood to and from body parts

cardiovascular

30

the ____ system is composed of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, the thymus, and the spleen

lymphatic

31

the ____ system receives foods, breaks down nutrients into forms that can pass through cell membranes, and eliminates unabsorbed materials

digestive

32

the _____ system takes in and releases air and exchanges gases between the blood and the air

respiratory

33

the ___ system includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra

urinary

34

the ____ system enables an organism to produce progeny

reproductive