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Flashcards in Old Testament Prophets Deck (85)
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1

Daniel - Key verse

“…he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, “What have you done?” (Daniel 4:35)

2

Daniel - Author

Daniel

3

Daniel - Dates

605-533 BC

4

Daniel - Structure

1 Setting the Scene
2 - 6 Outline of future world history; the human perspective
7 - 12 Explanation of world history; the divine perspective

5

Daniel - Message

God’s Kingdom is an everlasting kingdom and his King rules over all

6

Hosea - Key Verse

“I will heal their apostasy; I will love them freely, for my anger has turned from them.”
(Hosea 14:4)

7

Hosea - Author

Hosea

8

Hosea - Dates

c756 – c724 BC

9

Hosea - Structure

1-3 Hosea’s home life portrays God’s relationship to Israel
4-15 Hosea’s homeland portrays God’s judgement and mercy

10

Hosea - Message

God disciplines those he loves and longs for them to return to him.

11

Joel - Key Verse

“And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”
(Joel 2:32)

12

Joel - Author

Joel

13

Joel - Structure

1:1-2:11 Repentance Required
2:12-17 Repentance Described
2:18-3:21 Repentance Rewarded

14

Joel - Message

The importance of repentance and the promise of restoration.

15

Amos - Key verse

“You only have I known of all the families of the earth; therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.” (Amos 3:2)

16

Amos - Author

Amos

17

Amos - Dates

c752 BC

18

Amos - Structure

1:1–9:10 The Roar of Yahweh
9:11-15 The Restoration of Israel

19

Amos - Message

With the privilege of being the people of God comes the responsibility of accountability and the promise of eternal security

20

Joel - Dates

c820BC

21

Obadiah - Key verse

“For the day of the Lord is near upon all the nations. As you have done, it shall be done to you; your deeds shall return on your own head.” (Obadiah 15)

22

Obadiah - author

Obadiah

23

Obadiah - dates

c845BC

24

Obadiah - structure

1-16 The Destruction of Edom
17-21 The Deliverance of Judah

25

Obadiah - Message

There will be vengeance for God’s enemies and victory for God’s chosen people

26

Micah - Key verse

“Who is a God like you, pardoning iniquity and passing over transgression for the remnant of his inheritance? He does not retain his anger forever, because he delights in steadfast love.” (Micah 7:18)

27

Micah - Author

Micah

28

Micah - dates

c735-700 BC

29

Micah - structure

1 – 2 First Message
3 – 5 Second Message
6 –7 Third Message

30

Micah - message

God hates injustice but delights to pardon

31

Jonah - Key verse

“…for I knew that you are a gracious God and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and relenting from disaster.” (Jonah 4:2b)

32

Jonah - Author

Jonah

33

Jonah - Dates

c786-746 BC

34

Jonah - Structure

1:1-16 Jonah and the Storm
1:17-2:10 Jonah and the Fish
3 Jonah and the City
4 Jonah and the LORD

35

Jonah - Message

The grace of God is greater than the wickedness of man.

36

Nahum - Key verse

“But with an overflowing flood he will make a complete end of the adversaries, and will pursue his enemies into darkness.” (Nahum 1:8)

37

Nahum - Author

Nahum

38

Nahum - Dates

663 - 612 BC

39

Nahum - Structure

1 Nineveh’s Doom Declared
2 Nineveh’s Doom Described
3 Nineveh’s Doom Deserved

40

Nahum - Message

The certainty of the destruction of God’s enemies

41

Habakkuk - Key verse

“...the righteous shall live by his faith.” (Habakkuk 2:4)

42

Habakkuk - Author

Habakkuk

43

Habakkuk - Dates

605BC

44

Habakkuk - Structure

1 Faith that Questions - a two-fold problem
2 Faith that Waits - a two-fold promise
3 Faith that Sings - a two-fold prayer

45

Habakkuk - Message

God can be trusted at all times and in all circumstances

46

Zephaniah - Key verse

“Seek the Lord, all you humble of the land, who do his just commands; seek righteousness; seek humility; perhaps you may be hidden on the day of the anger of the Lord.“ (Zephaniah 2:3)

47

Zephaniah - Author

Zephaniah

48

Zephaniah - Dates

640 - 622 BC

49

Zephaniah - Structure

1:1-2:3 The Day of the Lord for Judah
2:4-3:8 The Day of the Lord for the Nations
3:9-20 The Day of the Lord for the Righteous

50

Zephaniah - Message

God is in the midst of his people – both to punish and to save

51

Haggai - Key verse

“Thus says the Lord of hosts: Consider your ways. Go up to the hills and bring wood and build the house, that I may take pleasure in it and that I may be glorified, says the Lord.” (Haggai 1:7-8)

52

Haggai - Author

Haggai

53

Haggai - Dates

520 BC

54

Haggai - Structure

1:1-11 Message 1: Rebuke
1:12-15 Message 2: Reassurance
2:1-9 Message 3: Encouragement
2:10-19 Message 4: Blessing
2:20-23 Message 5: Security

55

Haggai - Message

Put Got first

56

Zechariah - Key Verse

“Therefore say to them, Thus declares the Lord of hosts: Return to me, says the Lord of hosts, and I will return to you, says the Lord of hosts.” (1:3)

57

Zechariah - Author

Zechariah

58

Zechariah - Dates

520-516BC

59

Zechariah - Structure

1:1-6:8 A Call to Israel to Return to Yahweh
6:9-15 The Coronation of Joshua
7:1-8:23 A Question of Fasting
9:1-14:20 A Promise from Yahweh to Return to Israel

60

Zechariah - Message

The best is yet to come!

61

Malachi - Key verse

“Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming” says the Lord of hosts.” (3:1)

62

Malachi - Author

Malachi

63

Malachi - Dates

432-c420BC

64

Malachi - Structure

1:2-5 First disputation – unrequited love
1:6-2:9 Second disputation – contemptuous worship
2:10-16 Third disputation – spiritual faithlessness
2:17-3:5 Fourth disputation – divine justice
3:6-12 Fifth disputation – repentance
3:13-4:3 Sixth disputation – serving God
4:4-6 Final exhortation

65

Malachi - Message

Reformation is needed in preparation for the coming of Christ

66

Isaiah - key verse

“For I am the Lord your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Saviour.” (Is 43:3)

67

Isaiah - author

Isaiah

68

Isaiah - dates

c740 – c690 BC

69

Isaiah - structure

1-39 Judgement Threatened
40-66 Salvation Promised

70

Isaiah - message

Trusting in man brings judgement; trusting in God brings salvation

71

Jeremiah - key verses

“Return, faithless Israel, declares the Lord. I will not look on you in anger, for I am merciful, declares the Lord; I will not be angry forever. (Jer 3:12)

“I have loved you with an everlasting love; therefore I have continued my faithfulness to you.“ (Jer 31:3)

72

Jeremiah - author

Jeremiah

73

Jeremiah - dates

c627 – post 586 BC

74

Jeremiah - structure

1:1:19 Jeremiah’s Call
2:1-51:64 Judah’s Fall Foretold and Told
52:1-34 Judah’s Fall Retold

75

Jeremiah - message

The certainty of God’s judgement and the eternity of God’s love

76

Lamentations - key verse

“The steadfast love of the Lord never ceases; his mercies never come to an end; they are new every morning; great is your faithfulness.” (Lam 3:22-23)

77

Lamentations - author

Jeremiah

78

Lamentations - dates

c.586BC

79

Lamentations - structure

Lamentation 1 Jerusalem’s Aguish
Lamentation 2 Jehovah’s Anger
Lamentation 3 Jeremiah’s Anguish and Hope
Lamentation 4 Jehovah’s Anger
Lamentation 5 Jerusalem’s Appeal

80

Lamentations - summary

God loves his people, even as he chastises them.

81

Ezekiel - key verse

“And the glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the city and stood on the mountain that is on the east side of the city.” (Ez 11:23)

“And behold, the glory of the God of Israel was coming from the east. And the sound of his coming was like the sound of many waters, and the earth shone with his glory.” (Ez 43:2)

82

Ezekiel - author

Ezekiel

83

Ezekiel - dates

592-570 BC

84

Ezekiel - structure

1-24 Promises of Punishment of Judah
25-32 Promises of Judgement of the Nations
33-48 Promises of Restoration of Judah

85

Ezekiel - summary

God’s glory withdraws in the face of sin and returns in response to repentance