Olympus and the Gods Flashcards Preview

Greek Mythology > Olympus and the Gods > Flashcards

Flashcards in Olympus and the Gods Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
1

Mt. Olympus ____ the highest mountain in Greece. Despite it's portrayal in myth, during the majority of the year it is ___________

IS
Snow-capped

2

Summarise who Zeus is and give his Roman name.

AKA Jupiter
Invincibly strong, stronger than all other gods put together
Has a scepter and lightning bolt (gifts from the cyclopes)
Had 115 lovers
Was able to change form to attract his lovers

3

Summarise who Hera is and give her Roman name.

AKA Juno
Zeus' wife
Bad tempered, especially towards Zeus' lovers
Concerned by marriage and it's respect

4

Summarise who Poseidon is and give his Roman name.

AKA Neptune
Zeus' Brother
God of the sea, earthquakes and horse
Has a trident

5

Summarise who Demeter is and give her Roman name.

AKA Ceres
Zeus' Sister
Earth Goddess
Causes the seasons in her grief for persephone her daughter

6

Summarise who Athena is and give her Roman name.

AKA Minerva
Daughter of Zeus and Metis
Warrior Goddes
Virgin
Associated with athens

7

How was Athena born?

1. Zeus heard a prophecy that his child with Metis would be greater than him so he swallows her
2.Athena makes her way to Zeus' head giving a headache
3. Zeus orders Hephaestus to split open his head with an axe
4. Athena is born fully armed

8

Summarise who Aphrodite is and give her Roman name.

AKA Venus
Goddess of love and beauty
Contested origins
Married to Hephaestus but has many affairs, especially with Ares

9

Summarise who Ares is and give his Roman name.

AKA Mars
Son of Zeus and Hera
God of War
More of a spirit than anthropomorphic

10

How does Hesiod explain Aphrodite's origins?

She grew from the castrated penis of Cronos

11

How does Homer explain Aphrodite's origins?

She is the daughter of Zeus and Dione

12

Summarise who Hermes is and give his Roman name.

AKA Mercury
Son of Zeus and Maia
God of merchants, travelers, liars and thieves
Where a hat and winged sandals, has a wand known as Caduceus

13

Summarise who Hephaestus is and give his Roman name.

AKA Vulcan
Son of Hera and maybe Zeus
God of fire
Deformed and crippled
Initially thrown out by Hera but welcomed back due to his craftmanship
Married to Aphrodite

14

Summarise who Artemis is and give her Roman name.

AKA Diana
Goddess of the hunt
Daughter of Zeus and Leto
Virgin but oversaw childbirth of Greek women
Was cruel
Apollo's Sister

15

Summarise who Apollo is and give his Roman name.

AKA Apollo
Son of Zeus and Leto
Artemis' Brother
God of music, poetry, medicine and fine arts
Has a bow and lyre

16

Summarise who Dionysus is and give his Roman name.

AKA Bacchus
God of Wine
Son of Zeus and mortal women, who died when she saw Zeus in his natural form of a lighting bolt /
Born from Zeus' thigh