Ophthalmology/ENT Flashcards Preview

Surgery SHELF > Ophthalmology/ENT > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology/ENT Deck (22):
1

Which diagnosis? permanent cortical blindness of affected eye if not corrected early on

Amblyopia

2

Treatment of "acquired" strabismus

corrective lenses

3

Which diagnosis? white pupil in infant

retinoblastoma vs. congenital cataract

4

Which diagnosis? severe eye pain/frontal headache, mid-dilated pupil that does not react, greenish cloudy cornea

Acute angle closure glaucoma

5

Definitive management of angle closure glaucoma

Drill hole into iris with laser to release pressure

6

Diagnosis and Treatment of orbital cellulitis

CT; drainage of pus

7

Which diagnosis? Flashes of light and floaters in eye

Retinal detachment

8

Which diagnosis? sudden loss of vision in one eye

Embolic occlusion of retinal artery

9

Treatment of embolic occlusion of retinal artery

Breathe into paper bag, pressure on eye

10

Which diagnosis? midline mass at level of hyoid that moves with tongue

Thyroglossal duct cyst

11

Treatment of thyroglossal duct cyst

Excision of cyst and sinus and middle hyoid

12

Which diagnosis? cyst an anterior border of sternocleidomastoid that may have skin sinus tract

Branchial cleft cyst

13

Management of cystic hygroma

CT/surgery

14

Which diagnosis? persistent hoarseness, persistent painless ulcer in mouth, unilateral earache

Squamous cell carcinoma

15

Diagnosis of acoustic neuroma or facial nerve tumors

MRI

16

Diagnosis of parotid gland tumor

FNA

17

Which diagnosis? abscess in floor of mouth that may threaten airway

Ludwig angina

18

Treatment of Bell Palsy

Steroids and antivirals

19

Which diagnosis? diplopia with ethmoid or frontal sinusitis

Cavernous sinus thrombosis

20

Treatment of cavernous sinus thrombosis

sinus drainage, IV abx

21

Cause of epistaxis in young male with cocaine use

Perforated septum

22

Cause of persistent epistaxis in young adult

Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma