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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (22):
1

Which diagnosis? Excessive salivation, choking with first feed, presents on first day of life

Esophageal Atresia

2

Diagnosis of imperforate anus

Upside-down XR

3

Which diagnosis? Abdominal defect over pubis and red mucosa showing

Bladder Exstrophy

4

Causes of bilious vomiting and double bubble in newborn

Duodenal atresia, annular pancreas, malrotation

5

Diagnosis of malrotation

Enema or Upper GI scope

6

Which diagnosis? multiple air fluid levels throughout abdomen

Intestinal atresia

7

Which diagnosis? feeding intolerance, distention, decreasing platelet count, premature infant

Necrotizing enterocolitis

8

Treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis

Abx and parenteral feeding/fluids

9

Which diagnosis? feeding intolerance and bilious vomiting with dilated small bowel on imaging

Meconium ileus

10

Diagnosis and Treatment of meconium ileus

Gastrografin enema

11

Which diagnosis? non-bilious projectile vomiting after feeds

Hypertrophic pyloric sphincter

12

Diagnosis of Hypertrophic pyloric sphincter

Clinical (US if necessary)

13

Which diagnosis? persistent, progressively increasing jaundice weeks 6-8 of life

Biliary Atresia

14

Which diagnosis? chronic constipation, rectal exam may lead to explosive diarrhea

Hirschsprung Disease

15

Diagnosis of Hirschsprung Disease

Biopsy

16

Which diagnosis? Colicky abdominal pain lasting one minute at a time, vague mass on right side, currant-jelly stool, 6-12 months of age

Intussusception

17

Diagnosis/Treatment of Intussusception

Barium/air enema

18

Which diagnosis? Lower GI bleeding in child

Meckel Diverticulum

19

Diagnosis of Meckel Diverticulum

Technetium Scan

20

Testicle should reach scrotum by age ___; otherwise, treatment is _____

1; orchiopexy

21

Which diagnosis? Abdominal mass that moves up and down with respiration

Hepatoblastoma/hepatocellular carcinoma

22

Which diagnosis? Deep, fixed abdominal mass

Wilms tumor or neuroblastoma