OPNAV CH 5- Flight Rules Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OPNAV CH 5- Flight Rules Deck (29):
1

Position Lights

30 minutes prior to sunset and 30 minutes after sunrise or if prevailing vis < 3 miles:
- Prior to engine start and anytime engines are operating
- Being Towed unless otherwise illuminated
- When aircraft is parked and likely to cause hazard unless otherwise illuminated or marked with obstruction light

2

Anti-Collision Lights

- Shall be used immediately before engine start and at all times when engines are operating
- Except when use of lights adversely affects ground ops or during flight through clouds due to disorientation

3

Landing/Taxi Lights

Recommended in class B, C, or D airspace

4

Aerobatic Flight

Pitch > 45, bank > 60, > 2g's

5

Formation Flight

-Instrument Form needs 1000/3
- 2 ac max for Form Inst approach

6

Basic VFR Flight Minimums: Class A airspace VIS and Distance from clouds

N/A and N/A

7

Basic VFR Flight Minimums: Class B airspace VIS and Distance from clouds

3 SM and Clear of Clouds

8

Basic VFR Flight Minimums: Class C airspace VIS and Distance from clouds

3 SM

500' Below
1000' Above
2000' Horizontal

9

Basic VFR Flight Minimums: Class D airspace VIS and Distance from clouds

3 SM

500' Below
1000' Above
2000' Horizontal

10

Basic VFR Flight Minimums: Class E airspace VIS and Distance from clouds

Less than 10,000' MSL:
3 SM
500' Below
1000' Above
2000' Horizontal

Greater then 10,000' MSL:
5 SM
1000' Below
1000' Above
1 SM Horizontal

11

Basic VFR Flight Minimums: Class G airspace VIS and Distance from clouds

Day Night
< 1200' AGL: 1 SM / Clear 3/5/1/2

> 1,200' AGL and < 10,000' MSL: 1/5/1/21 3/5/1 2


> 10,000' MSL: 5/1/1/1

12

Weather Precluding VFR

1) Alter route of flight to continue VFR
2) Remain VFR until IFR clearance received
3) Remain VFR and land

13

Simulated approach notification

- Notify approach control, tower, or FSS

14

Takeoff Weather Mins

- Published mins for the available non-precision approach, but not less than 300/1; can utilize a precision approach for mins, but it cannot be < 200/ ½

15

Reducing Visibility Mins on Approach

-Helicopter and Tilt-Rotor can reduce to 1/2 published visibility minimum but no less then 1/4 mile (1200' RVR)
- Based on not exceeding 90 KIAS
- Copter Approaches shall not be reduced

16

Approach Criteria for Multi Piloted Aircraft

- If at or below published mins, an approach shall not be commenced unless the aircraft has the capability to proceed to a suitable alternate in the event of a missed approach (ie fuel required)

17

Criteria for Continuing Instrument Approach

- Pilot shall not descend below MDA or DH unless they have the runway environment in sight and in their judgement a safe landing can be made

18

Decent below DH/MDA:

Executing missed approach on circle to land:

- Shall not descend below the MDA or continue past the DH unless pilot has runway environment in sight and in their judgment, a safe landing can be made

- Make an initial climbing turn toward the landing runway then maneuver in shortest direction to become established on missed approach course

19

Runway Environment

- Approach light system
- Threshold, threshold markings, or threshold lights
- Runway end Identifier lights
- VASI
- TDZ, TDZ markings or TDZ lights
- Runway, runway markings, or runway lights

20

Final Approach Abnormalities during Radar Approach

Controller calls for executing a missed approach when any of the following occur:
1) Safe limits are exceeded or radical aircraft deviations are observed
2) Position or ID of aircraft is in doubt
3) Radar contact is lost or malfunctioning radar is suspected
4) Field conditions or other unsafe conditions observed from tower prevent approach completion

* Don’t have to listen to 1st 3 if you have runway or runway lights in sight (reason 4 is still a must)

21

Practice Approaches

- Can do them (with no landing intended) at a facility where weather is below mins as long as that field is not filed as your destination or alternate and both of those fields meet the weather filing criteria for an instrument clearance

22

Helicopter Ops in Class B,C,D airspace

- Frequency shall be monitored at all times
- Practice Autos are in limits of field boundary over a surface where full autos can be completed and accessible to crash crew
- Practice Autos require specific approval from tower

23

Altitude in B,C,D Airspace

Shall not exceed 500' unless cleared

24

Helo Ground Operations in class B,C,D

Shall taxi with sufficient Horizontal separation to preclude damage to aircraft, property, or personnel

25

Helicopter Hover overwater at Night

- Shall use automatic approach system when natural horizon not present

26

Noise Sensative and Wilderness Areas Altitude

3000' or above

27

External Stores/Cargo

Shall avoid overflying populated Areas

28

Fuel Jettison Altitude

6000' or above
Avoid Populated areas for ceilings/emergency
Notify if under positive control

29

NVD Operations

- Use in both VMC and IMC (IMC mainly instrument scan)
- Interior Lighting as compatible as possible
- Anti-collision can be turned off if in the interest of safety
- Last AC in formation shall have anti-collision lights on (Up to 4 AC total)
- Mixing of different types NVD prohibited within individual aircraft