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A Level History Henry VII > Opposition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Opposition Deck (27):
1

Why was Henry's upbringing a hindrance in his ability to rule?

His exile to Brittany meant that his knowledge of England was limited, and he had no training and experience that an heir to the throne would normally receive, along with having no money, no close contact with leading members of the aristocracy, and his claim to the throne was weak through his mother's side, so support was not guaranteed

2

What Yorkist claimants remained in existence?

The de la Pole brothers, who had a claim at least as valid as Henry's

3

Why was Margaret of Burgundy a threat?

She was Edward IV's sister and was married to the Duke of Burgundy, making her willing to use her husband's resources for the Yorkist cause

4

What were Henry's objectives in terms of opposition?

Establish his claim to the throne, secure his immediate future, eliminate possible rivals by force or aggression, strengthen the monarchy and kingdom for the future

5

When was Henry officially crowned king?

30th October 1485, and there was an act of parliament declaring his right to be king

6

When did Henry marry and who?

He married Elizabeth of York on the 18th January 1486 to avoid claims that he had gained the throne through marriage

7

Why was Henry's marriage advantageous?

He used his marriage to win support as Elizabeth was a daughter of Edward IV, and symbolised reconciliation between the houses of York and Lancaster

8

When did Elizabeth give birth?

On the 19th September 1486 to Arthur, which established a future for the Tudor dynasty

9

When did Henry embark on a royal progress to the North?

1486

10

When did Henry date his reign from, and why was this advantageous?

He dated his reign from the 21st August, the day before the Battle of Bosworth, which allowed him to treat Richard's supporters as traitors

11

How did Henry deal with Yorkists with a better claim to the throne than him?

He imprisoned them, such as William de la Pole and Edward, the Earl of Warwick

12

When did Lovell's rebellion take place?

April 1486, where the Yorkist supporter viscount Francis Lovell was joined by Humphrey and Thomas Stafford, and they emerged from hiding to gather troops against Henry, but it was put down easily as they had no figurehead to be used as a claimant to the throne

13

Who did the main threats come from?

They came from pretenders to the throne

14

What happened in 1487?

Lambert Simnel impersonated the Earl of Warwick, Edward IV's nephew, and Yorkist Lords proclaimed Edward king Edward VI, however, Henry produced the real Earl of Warwick and paraded him through the streets of London

15

What happened in Ireland to do with Simnel?

He appeared in Ireland, where there was a lot of Yorkist support, and was joined by John de la Pole and 3,000 German mercenaries, and the army crossed over into England in May 1487, met by Henry's army at East Stoke, and were defeated in the Battle of Stoke

16

What happened to the leaders of the Simnel uprising?

Lincoln, among other Yorkist leaders were killed, but Simnel was spared

17

What was the Yorkshire rebellion?

It took place in 1489 and was sparked by parliamentary tax to finance Henry's aid to Brittany, resentment that countries further north didn't have to pay the tax and a poor harvest

18

What happened in the Yorkshire rebellion?

Rebels were defeated outside of York by the Earl of Surrey, although the tax wasn't a massive success - £27,000 of £100,000 was raised nationally

19

Who did Perkin Warbeck claim to be and who supported this?

In 1491 Perkin Warbeck claimed to be Rickard of York, the younger son of Edward IV, and he was supported by Margaret and Charles VIII of France

20

What happened in 1495 to do with Warbeck?

Warbeck attempted to invade England, but he failed to gather support as William Stanley had been executed for treason, and Warbeck moved to Scotland, supported by James IV who gave him an income of £1,200 a year and his cousin in marriage

21

Why did the Cornish rebellion take place?

The Cornish rebellion took place against high taxes, which were raised to protect against a predicted invasion by James IV. The Cornish refused to pay the tax as a invasion in the north had nothing to do with them

22

What did the Cornish rebellion culminate in?

On the 16th June 1497 trebels marched on the black heath near London, and they were met by the king's forces under the command of Lord Dorbenay. It is estimated that 1,000 rebels were killed, with 3 of the main leaders being executed. The Cornish rebellion posed more of a threat than the Yorkshire rebellion as the rebels reached London

23

What happened to Warbeck in 1498?

He was held at court after a failed invasion and confessing who he really was, and he tried to run away, and was sent to the tower, where him and the Earl of Warwick plotted to escape

24

Who was executed in 1499?

Warbeck and the Earl of Warwick

25

What happened with Edmund de la Pole?

He fled to Burgundy in 1499, and in 1501 he fled again with his brother Richard and sought the help of Maximilian

26

What did Henry do in response to the threat of Edmund de la Pole?

Henry suspended all trade between the Britain and Burgundy in 1505

27

How was the de la Pole crisis brought to an end?

The death of Isabella of Castille and the freak storm that blew Philip of Burgundy onto the English coast as he went to claim the Spanish throne. Suffolk was handed over and kept in the tower of London but not executed at Philip's demand