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Flashcards in opthalmic drugs Deck (27):
1

what do parasympatholytic agents do to iris

constrict

2

what do symphathomimetics do to iris?

dilate

3

examples of parasympatholytic agents (2)

1. Tropicamide
2. cyclopentolate

4

do sympathomimetics affect accomodation?

no

5

example of sympathomimetic (1)

phenylephrine

6

does tx of viral conjunctivitis include antivirals?

no antivirals ineffective against adenovirus

7

risk assc'd with use of topical steroids in tx of HSV?

1. can exacerbate herpes keratitis,
2. elevate IOP,
3. cause cataracts

8

which PG analogue is preservative free?

tafluprost

9

how do PG analogues fxn for glaucoma?

incr uveoscleral outflow

10

how are beta adrenergic blockers effective for glaucoma?

decr aqueous production

11

which people should not be tx'd with beta antags?

asthma
COPD

12

which drug incr aqueous outflow thru trabecular meshwork

cholinergic agonists

13

what is the safest glaucoma medicine for a pregnant woman

brimonidine (adrenergic agonist)

14

which drug can cause apnea in children

brimonidine

15

if you give systemic meds above recommended doses, are ocular SE likely to be reversible or irreversible?

reversible

16

if you give systemic meds at recommended doses, are ocular SE likely to be reversible or irreversible?

can be irreversible or reversible

17

floppy iris syndrome

Alpha 1 blockers

18

cornea, retina, ON

tamoxifen

19

dose related optic neuropathy

ethambutol

20

corticosteroids can lead to

cataracts, glaucoma

21

irreversible maculopathy

Chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine

22

insidious onset often bilateral nonarryhtmic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy that is irreversible; and corneal changes that are reversible

amiodarone

23

acute angle closure glaucoma irreversible SE

topiramate

24

HMG coa reductase inhibs reversible SE

myopathy, diplopia, ptosis, ophthalmoplegia, cataracts

25

what drug can cause reversible blue color tinge

PDE5 inhibs

26

which drugs can result in ocular SE above recommeded doses (3)

1. digitalis
2. diphenhydantoin
3. thioridazine

27

Corneal/lens opacities

chlorpromazine