What are the 4 main groups of Standard Orchestra instruments?
What is this notation indicating?
Spread the notes of the chord quickly (arppeggio)
Release the left pedal on piano (literally means three strings)
What are the two categories of percussion instruments in an orchestra?
- Definite pitch
- Indefinite pitch
What instruments are in the percussion section of a Standard orchestra?
- Timpani (kettle drums)
- Side drum
- Bass drum
List the Standard and Non Standard Orchestra Transposing Instruments
- Clarinets Bb and A
- Trumpets Bb and A
- French Horn F
- Double Bass Octave Down
- Piccolo Octave Up
- Cor Anglais F
Which instrument group does Sul G refer to
Strings - play on the G String
Name all the reed instruments and which are single or double?
Single reed instruments - Clarinet and Bass Clarinet
Double Reed - Oboe, Cor Anglais, Bassoon and Double Bassooon
Name the extensions of the woodwind orchestra section?
- Piccolo - smaller higher flute
- Cor Anglais - similar to oboe but deeper
- Bass clarinet - deeper clarinet
- Double bassoon - deeper bassoon
What are the main differences between short score and open score?
- Open score and 4 staves and short score has 2.
- Tenor part is written on bass clef in short score but in open score it's is written in treble clef with an octave lower sign
Press left pedal on piano (literally means one string)
What is another name for the instruments in the woodwind section?
- Reed instruments
- except flute and piccolo
List common used instruments that are not regular members of a standard orchestra?
Which instruemtns make up a string quartet
1st Violin, 2nd Violin, Viola and Cello
What instruments sections uses mutes?
Which clefs are set and which are flexible in the Woodwind section of a Standard Orchestra?
- Flute, oboe and clarinet - treble always
- Bassoon - bass flexible
Which instruments in woodwind section are not "reed" instruments?
Flute and Piccolo
To use the bow on string instruments
What is the purpose of mutes and which instrument sections use them?
String and brass, used to soften the sound from instrument
In what setting would a piano appear with an orchestra?
As a soloist with an orcjestra, fopr example in a concerto.
Name the single reed instruments in orchestra and what family they belong to?
- Bass clarinet
Which clefs are set and which are flexible in the string section of a Standard Orchestra?
- Violin - treble always
- Viola - alto flexible
- Cello - bass flexible
- Double bass - bass flexible