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ABRSM Grade 1-5 > Orchestra Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Orchestra Questions Deck (53)
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1

What are the 4 main groups of Standard Orchestra instruments?

  • Strings,
  • woodwind,
  • percussion  
  • brass

2

What is this notation indicating?

Spread the notes of the chord quickly (arppeggio)

3

mano sinisistra 

left hand

4

tre corde

Release the left pedal on piano (literally means three strings)

5

What are the two categories of percussion instruments in an orchestra?

  •  Definite pitch
  • Indefinite pitch

6

What instruments are in the percussion section of a Standard orchestra?

  • Timpani (kettle drums)
  • Side drum
  • Bass drum
  • Cymbals

7

con sord.

With mutes

8

List the Standard and Non Standard Orchestra Transposing Instruments

Standard

  • Clarinets Bb and A
  • Trumpets Bb and A
  • French Horn F
  • Double Bass Octave Down

Non Standard

  • Piccolo Octave Up
  • Cor Anglais F

9

Pizzicato

Pluck strings

10

Which instrument group does Sul G refer to

Strings - play on the G String

11

Name all the reed instruments and which are single or double?

Single reed instruments - Clarinet and Bass Clarinet

 

 

Double Reed - Oboe, Cor Anglais, Bassoon and Double Bassooon

12

Name the extensions of the woodwind orchestra section?

 

  • Piccolo - smaller higher flute
  • Cor Anglais - similar to oboe but deeper
  • Bass clarinet - deeper clarinet
  • Double bassoon - deeper bassoon

13

senza sord.

Without mutes

14

What are the main differences between short score and open score?

  • Open score and 4 staves and short score has 2.
  • Tenor part is written on bass clef in short score but in open score it's is written in treble clef with an octave lower sign

15

Una Corda

Press left pedal on piano (literally means one string)

16

What is another name for the instruments in the woodwind section?

  • Reed instruments  
  • except flute and piccolo

17

List common used instruments that are not regular members of a standard orchestra?

  • Guitar,
  • saxophone,
  • recorder,
  • piano,
  • harpischord,
  • organ 
  • clavichord.

18

Which instruemtns make up a string quartet

1st Violin, 2nd Violin, Viola and Cello

19

senza sordini

Without mutes

20

What instruments sections uses mutes?

  • String 
  • Brass

21

pizz.

Pluck strings

22

Which clefs are set and which are flexible in the Woodwind section of a Standard Orchestra?

  • Flute, oboe and clarinet - treble always

 

  • Bassoon - bass flexible

23

Which instruments in woodwind section are not "reed" instruments?

Flute and Piccolo

24

Arco

To use the bow on string instruments

25

What is the purpose of mutes and which instrument sections use them?

String and brass, used to soften the sound from instrument

26

In what setting would a piano appear with an orchestra?

As a soloist with an orcjestra, fopr example in a concerto.

27

Con sordini

With mutes

28

mano destra

right hand

29

Name the single reed instruments in orchestra and what family they belong to?

  • Woodwind
  • Clarinet
  • Bass clarinet

30

Which clefs are set and which are flexible in the string section of a Standard Orchestra?

  • Violin - treble always

 

  • Viola - alto flexible
  • Cello - bass flexible
  • Double bass - bass flexible