Organic Molecules Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Organic Molecules Deck (14):
0

Monomer

Molecular subunit of a polymer.
AKA: the puzzle pieces of a polymer.

1

Polymer

A large molecule made of many monomers bonded together.
AKA: A complete puzzle.

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Carbohydrates

The monomers of carbohydrates are sugars. Carbohydrates are used to produce energy. (ATP)

3

Lipid

The monomer of lipids is fatty acids. Lipids Store energy, insulates(warmth), cell membrane(phospholipids), chemical messengers(steroids. Includes fats,oils, and waxes. Lipids are hydrophobic(water fearing)-do not dissolve in water.

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Protein

A polymer made up of the monomer Amino acids. Makes up Keratin(what makes up our hair), insulin(regulates blood sugar), Enzymes, and hemoglobin(transports oxygen throughout the body,red blood cells). Are used for digestive purposes(salivary amylase), are builders(DNA polymerase). Also used in cell membrane to transport materials in/out of the cell.

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Sugars

The monomers of carbohydrates.

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Amino acids

The monomer of proteins. We get them from food. Used to build proteins.

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Enzyme

What break down and build up molecules. Contain proteins.

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Nucleic acids

Contain instructions to build proteins. Made up of the monomers nucleotides. Two different types, DNA and RNA. Nucleic acids work together to build proteins.

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RNA

Helps build proteins.

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DNA

Stores the information for putting amino acids together to make proteins.

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Nucleotide

The monomers for nucleic acids.

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Fatty Acids

The monomer of Lipids.

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Why do Proteins denature?

Because of a change in temperature or PH level.