Organic Synthesis (Functional Groups) Flashcards Preview

F325 Chemistry > Organic Synthesis (Functional Groups) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Organic Synthesis (Functional Groups) Deck (17):
1

How do you make an alkane into a bromoalkane?

Br2 and UV light

2

How do you make a bromoalkane into a primary amine?

NH3 in ethanol Heat Fractionally distill

3

How do you make an alkene in a dibromoalkane?

Bromine water 20 degrees

4

How do you make an alkene into a bromoalkane?

HBr 20 degrees

5

How do you make a bromoalkane into a primary alcohol?

NaOH (aq) Reflux

6

How do you make a bromoalkane into a secondary alcohol?

NaOH (aq) Reflux

7

How do you make a secondary alcohol into a ketone?

K2Cr2O7 H2SO4 Reflux

8

How do you make a ketone into a secondary alcohol?

NaBH4 (aq) Heat

9

How do you make a primary alcohol into an aldehyde?

K2Cr2O7 H2SO4 Heat then distill

10

How do you make an aldehyde into a primary alcohol?

NaBH4 (aq) Heat

11

How do you make a primary alcohol into an alkene?

H2SO4 (conc) catalyst 170 degree reflux

12

How do you make an alkene into a primary alcohol?

Steam 300 degrees H3PO4 catalyst

13

How do you make an aldehyde into a carboxylic acid?

K2Cr2O7 H2SO4 Reflux

14

How do you make a carboxylic acid into an ester?

Alcohol H+ catalyst Heat/reflux Fractional distil

15

How do you make an acid anhydride into an ester?

Alcohol Warm Fractional distil

16

What does Tollen's reagent do to aldehydes and alcohol?

It oxidises aldehydes and turns them into carboxylic acids. It does not oxidise alcohol as it is not a strong enough oxidising agent.

17

What else is formed if you oxidise and aldehyde and an alcohol?

Water