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Flashcards in Origins Of The Cold War Deck (20):
0

United Nations

And international organization founded in 1945 to further the cause of peace, prosperity, and human rights

1

Iron Curtain

The ideological Barrier that existed between Eastern and Western Europe from 1945 to 1990

2

Truman doctrine

A United States foreign-policy, established in 1947 by Pres. Harry S Truman, of providing economic and military aid to countries – initially Greece and Turkey – that were attempting to resist communism

3

Marshall plan

A US plan, initiated by Secretary of State George Marshall and implemented from 1948 to 1951, to aid in the economic recovery of Europe after World War II by offering certain European countries substantial funds

4

Cold War

The hostile but nonviolent struggle for power between United States and the Soviet Union, as well as their respective allies, from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991

5

Containment

After World War II, the US foreign-policy practice of attempting to restrict the expansion of Soviet influence around the world

6

NATO

Defensive alliance against communism

7

Deterrence

A foreign policy in which a nation developed a weapons Arsenal so deadly that another nation will not bear attack

8

Collective security

A system in which a group of countries commit to jointly dealing with a nation that threatens the piece or security of any one of the countries

9

Arms race

A competition between nations to achieve the more powerful weapons arsenal

10

Brinkmanship

A foreign-policy characterized by a willingness to push a dangerous situation to the brink, or edge, of war rather than give into an opponent

11

Communism

A economic or political system in which the state or the community owns all property in the means of production, and all citizens share the wealth

12

Capitalism

An economic system in which factories, equipment, and other means of production are privately owned rather then controlled by government

13

Stalemate

A situation in a contest or conflict in which neither side can make a useful move

14

H – bomb

A hydrogen bomb, Or a bomb created by fusing atoms; more powerful than an atomic bomb, a weapon of mass destruction that the United States first tested in 1952 as part of the arms race

15

Satellite nation

A country under another countries control

16

Civilian control of the military

Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country's strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers.

17

Space race

The U.S. competition with the U.S.S.R. for technological dominance spurred the U.S. on to the first-ever landing on the moon.

18

Sputnik

First artificial earth satellite launch by the Soviet Union

19

Berlin airlift

Aircrews from the United States Air Force, the British Royal Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Australian Air Force, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the South African Air Force[3]:338 flew over 200,000 flights in one year, providing up to 8,893 tons of necessities daily, such as fuel and food, to the Berliners.