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ZH&P II - Ortho > Ortho Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ortho Exam Deck (17):
1

What are the leading cause of medical-office visits in US

musculoskeletal disorders

2

What are articular structures

joint capsule
articular cartilage
synovium
synovial fluid
intra-articular ligaments
juxta-articular bone

3

What are extra-articular structures

periarticular ligaments
tendons
bursae
muscle
fascia
bone
nerve
overlying skin

4

What is articular cartilage comprised of

collagen matrix of charged ions and water

5

What joint has a nucleus pulposus

cartilaginous joint

6

What does midline back pain indicate

musculoligamentous injury
disc herniation
vertebral collapse
spinal cord metastases
epidural abscess

7

What is an indication of sciatica

radicular gluteal and posterior leg pain in S1 distribution
Increases with cough or valsalva

8

What is leg pain that resolves with rest and/or lumbar forward flexion indicative of

spinal stenosis

9

What should be considered with a bowel or bladder dysfunction

cauda equina syndrome

10

What does pain in one joint suggest

injury
monoarticular arthritis
possible tendinitis
bursitis

11

What does lateral hip pain indicate

trochanteric bursitis

12

Where can pain from hip joint be felt

groin
buttock
anterior thigh
knee

13

What does a migratory pattern of joint pain indicate

rheumatic fever
gonococcal arthritis

14

What does severe pain with rapid onset in red, swollen joint indicate

acute septic arthritis
gout

15

What is gelling

stiffness and limited motion after inactivity

16

What can cause a butterfly rash on cheeks

systemic lupus erythematosus

17

What can cause clubbing of fingernails

hypertrophic osteoarthropathy