Orthopedic Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Orthopedic Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Orthopedic Vocabulary Deck (33):
1

bone graft

Surgical procedure that uses piece of bone to replace lost bone or to fuse two bones together

2

bone scan

Nuclear medicine scan using radioactive dye to visualize bones; useful for finding stress fractures and bone cancer

3

carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

Repetitive motion disorder caused by pressure on tendons and nerves as they pass through carpal tunnel of wrist

4

closed fracture

Broken bone with no open skin wound; also called simple fracture

5

compound fracture

Broken bone with open skin wound; also called open fracture

6

contracture

Abnormal shortening of muscle fibers, tendons, or connective tissue making it difficult to stretch muscle

7

dislocation

Occurs when bones in joint are displaced from normal alignment and ends of bones are no longer in contact with each other

8

fibromyalgia

Chronic condition with widespread aching and pain in the muscles and fibrous soft tissue

9

fixation

Procedure to stabilize fractured bone while it heals;

10

fracture

Broken bone

11

greenstick fracture

Fracture with incomplete break; one side of the bone breaks and other side only bends; commonly seen in children because their bones are still pliable

12

herniated nucleus pulposus

Protrusion of intervertebral disk between two vertebrae, which puts pressure on spinal nerves;

13

kyphosis

Abnormal increase in normal outward curvature of thoracic spine; also called hunchback or humpback

14

lordosis

Abnormal increase in normal forward curvature of lumbar spine; also called swayback

15

muscle atrophy

Loss of muscle bulk due to muscle disease, nervous system disease, or lack of use;

16

muscular dystrophy

One of a group of inherited diseases involving progressive muscle degeneration, weakness, and atrophy

17

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Large group of drugs that provide mild pain relief and anti-inflammatory benefits for conditions such as arthritis

18

orthosis

Externally applied brace or splint used to prevent or correct deformities;

19

osteoarthritis

Arthritis caused by loss of cartilage cushion covering bones in joint

20

osteogenic sarcoma

Most common type of bone cancer; usually begins in osteocytes found at ends of bones;

21

prosthesis

Any artificial device used as substitute for body part that is either missing from birth or lost as the result of an accident or disease;

22

radiography

Diagnostic imaging procedure using x-rays to see internal structure of body;

23

scoliosis

Abnormal lateral curvature of spine

24

spasm

Sudden, involuntary, strong muscle contraction

25

spina bifida

Birth defect that occurs when vertebra fails to fully form around spinal cord;

26

spiral fracture

Bone break in which fracture line spirals around shaft of the bone

27

sprain

Ligament injury from over-stretching, but without joint dislocation or bone fracture

28

strain

Damage to the muscle or tendons from overuse or over-stretching

29

stress facture

A slight bone break caused by repetitive low-impact forces, such as running, rather than a single forceful impact

30

total hip arthroplasty

Surgical reconstruction of hip with artificial hip joint

31

total knee arthroplasty

Surgical reconstruction of knee joint with artificial knee joint

32

repetitive motion disorder

Group of chronic disorders with tendon, muscle, joint, and nerve damage caused by prolonged periods of pressure, vibration, or repetitive movements.

33

rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis with swelling, stiffness, pain, and degeneration of cartilage in joints caused by chronic soft tissue inflammation