Orthopedic Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Orthopedic Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Orthopedic Vocabulary Deck (33)
Loading flashcards...
1

bone graft

Surgical procedure that uses piece of bone to replace lost bone or to fuse two bones together

2

bone scan

Nuclear medicine scan using radioactive dye to visualize bones; useful for finding stress fractures and bone cancer

3

carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

Repetitive motion disorder caused by pressure on tendons and nerves as they pass through carpal tunnel of wrist

4

closed fracture

Broken bone with no open skin wound; also called simple fracture

5

compound fracture

Broken bone with open skin wound; also called open fracture

6

contracture

Abnormal shortening of muscle fibers, tendons, or connective tissue making it difficult to stretch muscle

7

dislocation

Occurs when bones in joint are displaced from normal alignment and ends of bones are no longer in contact with each other

8

fibromyalgia

Chronic condition with widespread aching and pain in the muscles and fibrous soft tissue

9

fixation

Procedure to stabilize fractured bone while it heals;

10

fracture

Broken bone

11

greenstick fracture

Fracture with incomplete break; one side of the bone breaks and other side only bends; commonly seen in children because their bones are still pliable

12

herniated nucleus pulposus

Protrusion of intervertebral disk between two vertebrae, which puts pressure on spinal nerves;

13

kyphosis

Abnormal increase in normal outward curvature of thoracic spine; also called hunchback or humpback

14

lordosis

Abnormal increase in normal forward curvature of lumbar spine; also called swayback

15

muscle atrophy

Loss of muscle bulk due to muscle disease, nervous system disease, or lack of use;

16

muscular dystrophy

One of a group of inherited diseases involving progressive muscle degeneration, weakness, and atrophy

17

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Large group of drugs that provide mild pain relief and anti-inflammatory benefits for conditions such as arthritis

18

orthosis

Externally applied brace or splint used to prevent or correct deformities;

19

osteoarthritis

Arthritis caused by loss of cartilage cushion covering bones in joint

20

osteogenic sarcoma

Most common type of bone cancer; usually begins in osteocytes found at ends of bones;

21

prosthesis

Any artificial device used as substitute for body part that is either missing from birth or lost as the result of an accident or disease;

22

radiography

Diagnostic imaging procedure using x-rays to see internal structure of body;

23

scoliosis

Abnormal lateral curvature of spine

24

spasm

Sudden, involuntary, strong muscle contraction

25

spina bifida

Birth defect that occurs when vertebra fails to fully form around spinal cord;

26

spiral fracture

Bone break in which fracture line spirals around shaft of the bone

27

sprain

Ligament injury from over-stretching, but without joint dislocation or bone fracture

28

strain

Damage to the muscle or tendons from overuse or over-stretching

29

stress facture

A slight bone break caused by repetitive low-impact forces, such as running, rather than a single forceful impact

30

total hip arthroplasty

Surgical reconstruction of hip with artificial hip joint