Pulmonology Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Pulmonology Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmonology Vocabulary Deck (40):
1

adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Acute respiratory failure in adults characterized by tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, tachycardia, and hypoxia

2

asphyxia, asphyxiation

Lack of oxygen that can lead to unconsciousness and death if not corrected immediately;

3

aspirate

Inhaling fluid or foreign object into airways

4

asthma

Disease caused by various conditions, such as allergies, and resulting in bronchospasm, excessive mucus production, inflammation, airway constriction, wheezing, and coughing.

5

bronchogenic carcinoma

Malignant lung tumor that originates in bronchi; often associated with a history of cigarette smoking

6

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Combination of external compressions on sternum and mouth to mouth breathing to maintain blood flow and air movement in and out of lungs during cardiac and respiratory arrest.

7

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Progressive, chronic, and usually irreversible condition in which air flow to and from lungs is decreased;

8

croup

Acute viral infection in infants and children;

9

cystic fibrosis (CF)

Genetic condition that causes patient to produce very thick mucus resulting in severe congestion within lungs and digestive system

10

emphysema

Pulmonary condition resulting from destruction of alveolar walls leading to overinflated alveoli;

11

endotracheal (ET) intubation

Placing tube through mouth and into trachea to maintain open airway and facilitate artificial ventilation

12

hyperventilation

To breath too quickly (tachypnea) and too deeply (hyperpnea)

13

hypoventilation

To breath too slowly (bradypnea) and too shallowly (hypopnea)

14

hypoxia

Having insufficient amount of oxygen in body

15

influenza (flu)

Acute viral infection of airways; usually highly contagious;

16

phelgm

Thick mucus secreted by mucous membranes lining respiratory tract; phlegm is coughed through mouth is called sputum

17

pleural effusion

Abnormal presence of fluid or gas in pleural cavity;

18

pleurisy

Inflammation of pleura

19

pneumonia

Acute inflammatory condition of lung, which can be caused by bacterial and viral infections, diseases, and chemicals;

20

pneumothorax

Collection of air or gas in pleural cavity, which can result in collapse of lung

21

pulmonary edema

Condition in which lung tissue retains excessive amount of fluid

22

pulmonary embolism (PE)

Blood clot or air bubble in pulmonary artery or one of its branches;

23

purulent

Containing pus, as in purulent sputum

24

respiratory rate (RR)

Number of breaths per minute;

25

rhonchi

Whistling sound that can be heard during either inhalation or exhalation;

26

sputum

Mucus or phlegm coughed up and spit out from respiratory tract

27

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Unexpected and unexplained death of apparently well infant;

28

sweat test

Diagnostic test for cystic fibrosis;

29

tuberculosis (TB)

Infectious disease caused by tubercle bacillus, mycobacterium tuberculosis;

30

ventilator

Mechanical device to assist patient to breathe;

31

ARDS

adult respiratory distress syndrome

32

CF

cystic fibrosis

33

CO2

carbon dioxide

34

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

35

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

36

flu

influenza

37

O2

oxygen

38

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

39

TB

tuberculosis

40

TPR

temperature, pulse, and respiration