Orthopedics Lab mid term review for BS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Orthopedics Lab mid term review for BS Deck (64)
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1

Cervical spinous percussion

shooting or lingering pain/ fracture, disc hemorrhage or mestastasis

2

valsalva maneuver

increased symptoms/ increased intrathecal pressure to affect herniated disk or space occupying lesion

3

Cervical compression test

pain, tingle, numbness down arm or between shoulder blades/ nerve root compression, disk herniation, foraminal encroachment

4

spurling test

pain, tingle, numb down arm, between shoulder blades/nerve root compression, disk herniation, foraminal encrachment

5

Maximal foraminal compression

pain, tingle, numb down arm, between shoulder blades/nerve root compression, disk herniation, foraminal encrachment

6

Cervical distraction test

Less pain/ confirms from cervical compression, maximal foraminal compression or spurling test encroachments, More pain/sprain or strain of fascet joints

7

Shoulder depression test

worsend radicular symptoms/ brachial plexus irritation, adhesions, osteophytes

8

Soto hall

localized pain/ vertebral fracture, joint injury of cervical

9

Soto hall with brudzinski sign

hip and knee flex to control pain/meningitis

10

Thrasic spinous percussion

shooting or lingering pain/fracture, disk hemorrhage or metastasis

11

Forward bending test (adams)

rib hump/ help differientiate between structural or functional scoliosis

12

adsons test

loss of pulse, numb, tingle/ vascular thorasis outlet syndrome from anterior scalene

13

Reverse adsons test

loss of pulse, numb, tingle/ vascular thorasic outlet syndrome from middle scalene

14

edens test

loss of pulse/ vascular thorasic outlet syndrome from costoclavicular space

15

Roo's test

pain, numb, tingle, loss of motor control, weakness/ vascular throasic outlet syndrome

16

Wrights test

loss of pulse/ compression of neurocervical bundle caused by pectoralis minor

17

Allen test

more than 15 second for hand to go from white to pink/ implies arterial disease may be problem not TOS etc

18

Upper limb tension test

reproduction of symptoms, dermatomal pattern/nerve thorasic outlet syndrome, excessive nerve tension

19

Breathing pattern test

thorasic breating/ could cause irritation to brachial plexu

20

cluster for diagnosing cervicaal radiculopathy

upper limb tension test, cervical rotation less than 60 deg, pos spurling, pos distraction

21

Canadian C spine x ray rules

after high risk trauma: Rust sign, axial load injury, over 65, congntive impairment, neurological symptoms

22

Speeds test

pain and tenderness in bicipital groove/bicipital tendenopathy or tendinosis, SLAP lesion, strain of bicep muscle

23

codmans drop arm test

pain, weakness, dropped arm/tear of supraspinatus, rotator cuff muscle

24

Muscle test for Supraspinatus, empty can

within 5 seconds, weakness or pain/supraspanitous strain or inpingment

25

Muscle test for infraspinatus

5 sec external rotation, weakness or pain/ infraspinatous

26

Muscle test for subscapularis

5 sec internal rotation, weakness or pain/ subscapularis

27

Gerber lift off tet

5 sec internal rotation, weakness or pain/ subscapularis weakness or paralysis

28

Hawkins kennedy test

pain/supraspinatus impingment, tendinosis

29

Neers test

1-pain internal rotation/supraspinatous impingement, 2-pain external rotation bicep impingement

30

AC cross body adduction test

localized pain at acromioclavicular or sternoclavicular joint/ coresponding joint dysfunction or sprain