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Flashcards in lecture 1 QA Deck (74)
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1

How would we assess anatomical areas? 6 things

Observation, active range of motion, palpation, ortho and neuro tests and functional tests

2

What is the unciniate process of cervical spine

raised lip of body of vertebrae near transverse process

3

What holds dens of C-2 to C1 crossing it horozontally

transverse ligament

4

What is special about upper cervical vertebrae?

related to brain stem, damage can effect respiration, HR etc

5

What does a ligament do?

connect bone to bone, provide joint stability, absorb energy

6

What connects dens to occiput?

the alar ligaments

7

What are the 3 parts of intervertebral disk?

annulus fibrosus, nucleus pulposus and lamellae

8

What happens to pain receptors upon damage to disk?

Pain fibers will move deeper than the outer 1/3 of disk

9

What goes through the transverse foramen?

vertebral artery from C6 to brain

10

what can restrict nerves exiting the cervical spine?

disk from front, or bone from any side

11

What most commonly compresses nerve roots?

bones

12

What do cervical roots combine to form?

major nerves: ulnar, radial and median, musculocutaenous

13

How are cervical roots named?

Roots are names by the vertebrae below them (except 8 because there isn't one)

14

How are thracic and lumbar roots named?

Thorasic and lumbar are named for the vertebrae above then.

15

motor unit?

motor neuron to several muscle fibers

16

What is a tendon?

dense connective tissue that attach muscle to bone.

17

main contractor muscle is what?

prive mover

18

what assist the prime mover?

synergists

19

what opposes prive mover?

antagonists

20

What muscles stabalize joint so movement can occur?

stabilizers

21

What is the flow for cervical spin - office visit 4?

History, physical exam, diagnosis, treatment recommendations

22

What does LOC Q SMAT mean?

Location, onset, chronology, quality, severity, modifying factors, associated symptoms, previous Treatments.

23

What acromyme is best for physical medicine?

LOC Q Smat

24

LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

location, mechanism, new? Onset, provacitiv(modifying factors) quality, radiation, severity, temporal factors, urinary or bowel, vitals, water, x rays, your daily life, sleeping

25

what should you not do when observing posture, etc

don?t associate good or bad with things, it doesn't matter

26

What are the physical examinations that can be done?

AROM, PROM, neurologic, orthopedic, surrounding areas.

27

What would you paplate in cervical spine area?

skin, muscles, thyroid, glands, nodes, bones and joint

28

What is involved in anterior triangle?

SCM, midline of neck, mandible

29

What is involved in posterior triangle

SCM, trapezius, clavicle

30

What emerges from posterior triangle?

lots of the cervical nerve plexus