Flashcards in lecture 1 QA Deck (74)
How would we assess anatomical areas? 6 things
Observation, active range of motion, palpation, ortho and neuro tests and functional tests
What is the unciniate process of cervical spine
raised lip of body of vertebrae near transverse process
What holds dens of C-2 to C1 crossing it horozontally
What is special about upper cervical vertebrae?
related to brain stem, damage can effect respiration, HR etc
What does a ligament do?
connect bone to bone, provide joint stability, absorb energy
What connects dens to occiput?
the alar ligaments
What are the 3 parts of intervertebral disk?
annulus fibrosus, nucleus pulposus and lamellae
What happens to pain receptors upon damage to disk?
Pain fibers will move deeper than the outer 1/3 of disk
What goes through the transverse foramen?
vertebral artery from C6 to brain
what can restrict nerves exiting the cervical spine?
disk from front, or bone from any side
What most commonly compresses nerve roots?
What do cervical roots combine to form?
major nerves: ulnar, radial and median, musculocutaenous
How are cervical roots named?
Roots are names by the vertebrae below them (except 8 because there isn't one)
How are thracic and lumbar roots named?
Thorasic and lumbar are named for the vertebrae above then.
motor neuron to several muscle fibers
What is a tendon?
dense connective tissue that attach muscle to bone.
main contractor muscle is what?
what assist the prime mover?
what opposes prive mover?
What muscles stabalize joint so movement can occur?
What is the flow for cervical spin - office visit 4?
History, physical exam, diagnosis, treatment recommendations
What does LOC Q SMAT mean?
Location, onset, chronology, quality, severity, modifying factors, associated symptoms, previous Treatments.
What acromyme is best for physical medicine?
LOC Q Smat
location, mechanism, new? Onset, provacitiv(modifying factors) quality, radiation, severity, temporal factors, urinary or bowel, vitals, water, x rays, your daily life, sleeping
what should you not do when observing posture, etc
don?t associate good or bad with things, it doesn't matter
What are the physical examinations that can be done?
AROM, PROM, neurologic, orthopedic, surrounding areas.
What would you paplate in cervical spine area?
skin, muscles, thyroid, glands, nodes, bones and joint
What is involved in anterior triangle?
SCM, midline of neck, mandible
What is involved in posterior triangle
SCM, trapezius, clavicle