OTA 101 - Ch. 1-2 Activity Analysis Flashcards Preview

OTA 101 - Therapeutic Media > OTA 101 - Ch. 1-2 Activity Analysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in OTA 101 - Ch. 1-2 Activity Analysis Deck (9)
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Preparatory Activity

Designed to get client ready; part of intervention, but not entire intervention. Can include things like:
• Stretching
• Range of Motion
• Exercise
• PAMS (Physical Agent Modalities) (soft tissue manipulation, heat, ultrasound, etc.)


2 Types of Analysis

1) Activity Analysis: looks at typical demands of an activity, for anyone.
2) Occupation-Based Analysis: includes individual's interest goals, abilities, contexts, along with the activity demands.


Steps to Activity Analysis (7)

1) Determine what is being analyzed
2) Determine relevance to client
3) Determine sequence and timing
4) Determine objects, space and social demands
5) Determine required body functions
6) Determine required body structures
7) Determine required actions and performance skills


Why occupations?

• Allows client to achieve mastery in environment
• Results in something that client can see/feel
• Helps client go farther and longer toward goal
• Allow for greater transference toward goals
• Requires coordination of different skills/body systems
• Client receives immediate feedback on performance


Why analyze activities?

• Identifies needed equipment, materials, space, time
• Provides knowledge base for other instructors, outlining each step of how it’s done
• Gives info on how activity might be therapeutic and for whom
• Helps grade/adapt activity for greater success
• Gives specifics for clear documentation
• Helps show how contexts influence performance
• Helps to select appropriate activities and find “just right challenge”
• Identifies areas that need help/intervention


Breaking down activity

• If activity/occupation is too large, need to break into smaller steps for analyzing (ie: skiing)
• Are there more than 10-15 steps?
• Are there different objects or space demands for different parts of activity?


Occupational Awareness

• Gaining knowledge of a person’s values, beliefs and spirituality to give activities meaning
• Understanding occupation also requires understanding the person participating


ADL Areas

1) Bathing and Showering
2) Toileting and Toilet Hygiene
3) Dressing
4) Swallowing/Eating
5) Feeding
6) Functional Mobility (moving self or objects)
7) Personal Device Care
8) Personal Hygiene and Grooming
9) Sexual Activity


IADL Areas

1) Care of Others (incl. selecting caregivers)
2) Child Rearing
3) Care of Pets
4) Communication Management
5) Driving and Community Mobility
6) Financial Management
7) Health Management and Maintenance
8) Home Establishment and Management
9) Meal Preparation and Cleanup
10) Religious and Spiritual Activities and Expression
11) Safety and Emergency Maintenance
12) Shopping